was able to implement time-of-use and variable peak/critical peak pricing to reduce peak load by 30 percent. On the distribution side, automated circuit switches and sensor equipment implemented by the Electric Power Board of Chattanooga are estimated to have reduced customer outage minutes by 40 percent. And on the transmission side, 18 transmission owners within the Western Electricity Coordinating Council are installing and connecting 341 power management units and 62 power distribution centers to modernize transmission in the Western Interconnection. According to Ms. Hoffman, such implementation can enable a truly active distribution system that can be managed cost-effectively through a broad selection of technologies.



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