Appendix A

Experienced Well-Being Questions and Modules from Existing Surveys

Included in this appendix are examples of subjective well-being (SWB) modules that have been used in various surveys. The first set is the UK Office for National Statistics SWB module used in the Integrated Household Survey.1 The remaining three sets are experienced well-being (ExWB) questions compiled by Kapteyn and colleagues (2013, p. 10) from three sources:

1.    The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing;

2.    The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index; and

3.    HWB-12, a set of 12 questions to assess hedonic well-being, which was developed by Jacqui Smith and Arthur Stone and included in the 2012 administration of the Health and Retirement Study.

These examples are meant to illustrate question wording and the scope of SWB modules; they are far from comprehensive. The Annexes in the OECD Guidelines (OECD, 2013) offer another set of examples of SWB measures and sample question modules that draw broadly from existing surveys.

________________

1 See http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/wellbeing/measuring-subjective-wellbeing-in-the-uk/first-annual-ons-experimental-subjective-well-being-results/first-ons-annual-experimental-subjective-well-being-results.html#tab-Background [October 2013].



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Appendix A Experienced Well-Being Questions and Modules from Existing Surveys Included in this appendix are examples of subjective well-being (SWB) modules that have been used in various surveys. The first set is the UK O ­ ffice for National Statistics SWB module used in the Integrated Household Survey.1 The remaining three sets are experienced well-being (ExWB) ques- tions compiled by Kapteyn and colleagues (2013, p. 10) from three sources: 1. The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing; 2. The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index; and 3. HWB-12, a set of 12 questions to assess hedonic well-being, which was developed by Jacqui Smith and Arthur Stone and included in the 2012 administration of the Health and Retirement Study. These examples are meant to illustrate question wording and the scope of SWB modules; they are far from comprehensive. The Annexes in the OECD Guidelines (OECD, 2013) offer another set of examples of SWB measures and sample question modules that draw broadly from existing surveys. 1 See http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/wellbeing/measuring-subjective-wellbeing-in-the-uk/first- annual-ons-experimental-subjective-well-being-results/first-ons-annual-experimental-­subjective- well-being-results.html#tab-Background [October 2013]. 137

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138 SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING UK OFFICE FOR NATIONAL STATISTICS SWB MODULE Between April 2011 and March 2012, four subjective well-being ques- tions were included in the constituent surveys of the Integrated Household Survey: 1. Overall, how satisfied are you with your life nowadays? 2. Overall, to what extent do you feel the things you do in your life are worthwhile? 3. Overall, how happy did you feel yesterday? 4. Overall, how anxious did you feel yesterday? All were answered on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is “not at all” and 10 is “completely.” ExWB QUESTIONS FROM THE ENGLISH LONGITUDINAL SURVEY OF AGEING What day of the week was it yesterday? Tick one box. ☐ Monday ☐ Tuesday ☐ Wednesday ☐ Thursday ☐ Friday ☐ Saturday ☐ Sunday What time did you wake up yesterday? For example, if you woke up at 4:00 AM, please enter 04 for the hour, 00 for the minutes, and circle AM. Hours___ Minutes___ AM or PM What time did you go to sleep at the end of the day yesterday? For example, if you went to sleep at 11:30 PM, please enter 11 for the hour, 30 for the minutes, and circle PM. Hours___ Minutes___ AM or PM

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APPENDIX A 139 Yesterday, did you feel any pain? None ☐ A little ☐ Some ☐ Quite a bit ☐ A lot ☐ Did you feel well-rested yesterday morning (that is, you slept well the night before)? Yes  ☐ No  ☐ Was yesterday a normal day for you or did something unusual happen? Tick one box. Yes, just a normal day  ☐ No, my day included unusual bad (stressful) things  ☐ No, my day included unusual good things  ☐ Intro: Please think about the things you did yesterday. How did you spend your time and how did you feel? Yesterday, did you watch TV? Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next 2 questions) How much time did you spend watching TV yesterday? For example, if you spent one and a half hours, enter 1 for the hours and 30 for the minutes. Hours___ Minutes___ How did you feel when you were watching TV yesterday? Rate each feeling on a scale from 0 (did not experience at all) to 6 (the feeling was extremely strong). Tick one box on each line. I felt 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Happy ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Interested ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Frustrated ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Sad ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐

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140 SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING Yesterday, did you work or volunteer? Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next 2 questions) How much time did you spend working or volunteering yesterday? For example, if you spent nine and a half hours, enter 9 for the hours and 30 for the minutes. Hours___ Minutes___ How did you feel when you were working or volunteering yesterday? Rate each feeling on a scale from 0 (did not experience at all) to 6 (the feeling was extremely strong). Tick one box on each line. I felt 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Happy ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Interested ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Frustrated ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Sad ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Yesterday, did you go for a walk or exercise? Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next 2 questions) How much time did you spend walking or exercising yesterday? For exam- ple, if you spent 30 minutes, enter 0 for the hours and 30 for the minutes. Hours___ Minutes___ How did you feel when you were walking or exercising yesterday? Rate each feeling on a scale from 0 (did not experience at all) to 6 (the feeling was extremely strong). Tick one box on each line. I felt 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Happy ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Interested ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Frustrated ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Sad ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐

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APPENDIX A 141 Yesterday, did you do any health-related activities other than walking or exercise? For example, did you visit a doctor, take medications, or have a treatment? Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next 2 questions) How much time did you spend doing health-related activities yesterday? Hours___ Minutes___ How did you feel when you were doing health-related activities yesterday? Rate each feeling on a scale from 0 (did not experience at all) to 6 (the feel- ing was extremely strong). Tick one box on each line. I felt 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Happy ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Interested ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Frustrated ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Sad ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Yesterday, did you travel or commute? For example, by car, train, bus, etc. Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next 2 questions) How much time did spend traveling or commuting yesterday? Hours___ Minutes___ How did you feel when you were traveling or commuting yesterday? Rate each feeling on a scale from 0 (did not experience at all) to 6 (the feeling was extremely strong). Tick one box on each line. I felt 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Happy ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Interested ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Frustrated ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Sad ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Yesterday, did you spend time with friends or family? Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next 2 questions)

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142 SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING How much time did you spend with friends or family yesterday? Hours___ Minutes___ How did you feel when you were with friends or family yesterday? Rate each feeling on a scale from 0 (did not experience at all) to 6 (the feeling was extremely strong). Tick one box on each line. I felt 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Happy ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Interested ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Frustrated ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Sad ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Yesterday, did you spend time at home by yourself? Without a spouse, partner, or anyone else present. Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next 2 questions) How much time did you spend at home by yourself yesterday? Hours___ Minutes___ How did you feel when you were at home by yourself yesterday? Rate each feeling on a scale from 0 (did not experience at all) to 6 (the feeling was extremely strong). Tick one box on each line. I felt 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Happy ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Interested ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Frustrated ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Sad ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Additional module: Overall, how did you feel yesterday? Rate each feeling on a scale from 0 (did not experience at all) to 6 (the feeling was extremely strong). Tick one box on each line.

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APPENDIX A 143 I felt 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Happy ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Interested ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Frustrated ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Sad ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Enthusiastic ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Content ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Angry ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Tired ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Stressed ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Lonely ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Worried ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Bored ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Pain ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Depressed ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Joyful ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ EXPERIENCED EMOTION QUESTIONS FROM THE GALLUP-healthways WELL-BEING INDEX Did you experience anger during a lot of the day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Did you experience depression during a lot of the day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Did you experience enjoyment during a lot of the day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Did you experience happiness during a lot of the day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Did you experience sadness during a lot of the day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐

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144 SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING Did you experience stress during a lot of the day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Did you experience worry during a lot of the day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Now, please think about yesterday, from the morning until the end of the day. Think about where you were, what you were doing, who you were with, and how you felt. Did you learn or do something interesting yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Now, please think about yesterday, from the morning until the end of the day. Think about where you were, what you were doing, who you were with, and how you felt. Did you smile or laugh a lot yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Now, please think about yesterday, from the morning until the end of the day. Think about where you were, what you were doing, who you were with, and how you felt. Were you treated with respect all day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Now, please think about yesterday, from the morning until the end of the day. Think about where you were, what you were doing, who you were with, and how you felt. Would you like to have more days just like yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Additional module: Did you experience enthusiasm during a lot of the day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐

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APPENDIX A 145 Did you experience contentment during a lot of the day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Did you experience frustration during a lot of the day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Did you experience fatigue during a lot of the day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Did you experience loneliness during a lot of the day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Did you experience boredom during a lot of the day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ Did you experience pain during a lot of the day yesterday? Yes ☐ No ☐ What time did you wake up yesterday? What time did you go to bed yesterday? Did you feel well-rested yesterday morning (that is, you slept well the night before)? Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ Was yesterday a normal day for you or did something unusual happen? Yes, just a normal day  ☐ No, my day included unusual bad (stressful) things  ☐ No, my day included unusual good things  ☐

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146 SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING Intro: Please think about the things you did yesterday. How did you spend your time and how did you feel? Yesterday, did you watch TV? Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next question) How much time did you spend watching TV yesterday? For example, if you spent one and a half hours, enter 1 for the hours and 30 for the minutes. Hours___ Minutes___ Yesterday, did you work or volunteer? Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next question) How much time did you spend working or volunteering yesterday? For example, if you spent nine and a half hours, enter 9 for the hours and 30 for the minutes. Hours___ Minutes___ Yesterday, did you go for a walk or exercise? Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next question) How much time did you spend walking or exercising yesterday? For ex- ample, if you spent 30 minutes, enter 0 for the hours box and 30 for the minutes. Hours___ Minutes___ Yesterday, did you do any health-related activities other than walking or exercise? For example, visit a doctor, take medications, or have a treatment. Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next question) How much time did you spend doing health-related activities yesterday? Hours___ Minutes___ Yesterday, did you travel or commute? For example, by car, train, bus, etc. Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next question)

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APPENDIX A 147 How much time did you spend traveling or commuting yesterday? Hours___ Minutes___ Yesterday, did you spend time with friends or family? Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next question) How much time did you spend with friends or family yesterday? Hours___ Minutes___ Yesterday, did you spend time at home by yourself? Without a spouse, partner, or anyone else present. Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next question) How much time did you spend at home by yourself yesterday? Hours___ Minutes___ How did you feel when you were walking or exercising? Rate each feeling on a scale from 0 (did not experience at all) to 6 (the feeling was extremely strong). Tick one box on each line. I felt 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Happy ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Interested ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Frustrated ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Sad ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ExWB QUESTIONNAIRE FROM THE HWB-12 MODULE SOURCE: Smith and Stone (2011). Now we would like you to think about yesterday. What did you do yesterday and how did you feel? To begin, please tell me what time you woke up yesterday. And what time did you go to sleep yesterday? Now please take a few quiet seconds to recall your activities and experiences yesterday. Good, now I have questions about your experiences yesterday.

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148 SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING [Randomize order of emotions] Yesterday, did you feel happy? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐ Yesterday, did you feel enthusiastic? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐ Yesterday, did you feel content? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐ Yesterday, did you feel angry? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐ Yesterday, did you feel frustrated? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐ Yesterday, did you feel tired? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐ Yesterday, did you feel sad? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐ Yesterday, did you feel stressed? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐ Yesterday, did you feel lonely? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐ Yesterday, did you feel worried? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐

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APPENDIX A 149 Yesterday, did you feel bored? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐ Yesterday, did you feel pain? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐ Additional module: [Randomize order of emotions] Yesterday, did you feel depressed? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐ Yesterday, did you feel joyful? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐ Yesterday, did you learn or do something interesting? Would you say Not at all, A little, Somewhat, Quite a bit, Very ☐☐☐☐☐ Did you feel well-rested yesterday morning (that is, you slept well the night before)? Yes ☐ No ☐ Was yesterday a normal day for you or did something unusual happen? Tick one box. Yes, just a normal day  ☐ No, my day included unusual bad (stressful) things  ☐ No, my day included unusual good things  ☐ Intro: Please think about the things you did yesterday. How did you spend your time and how did you feel? Yesterday, did you watch TV? Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next question) How much time did you spend watching TV yesterday? For example, if you spent one and a half hours, enter 1 for the hours and 30 for the minutes. Hours___ Minutes___

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150 SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING Yesterday, did you work or volunteer? Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next question) How much time did you spend working or volunteering yesterday? For example, if you spent nine and a half hours, enter 9 for the hours and 30 for the minutes. Hours___ Minutes___ Yesterday, did you go for a walk or exercise? Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next question) How much time did you spend walking or exercising yesterday? For ex- ample, if you spent 30 minutes, enter 0 for the hours box and 30 for the minutes. Hours___ Minutes___ Yesterday did you do any health-related activities other than walking or exercise? For example, visit a doctor, take medications, or have a treatment. Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next question) How much time did you spend doing health-related activities yesterday? Hours___ Minutes___ Yesterday did you travel or commute? For example, by car, train, bus, etc. Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next question) How much time did spend traveling or commuting yesterday? Hours___ Minutes___ Yesterday did you spend time with friends or family? Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next question) How much time did you spend with friends or family yesterday? Hours___ Minutes___

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APPENDIX A 151 Yesterday, did you spend time at home by yourself? Without a spouse, partner, or anyone else present. Tick one box. Yes ☐ No ☐ (skip next question) How much time did you spend at home by yourself yesterday? Hours___ Minutes___ How did you feel when you were walking or exercising? Rate each feeling on a scale from 0 (did not experience at all) to 6 (the feeling was extremely strong). Tick one box on each line. I felt 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Happy ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Interested ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Frustrated ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ Sad ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐

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