Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA’s) National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF), there is more focus and guidance for this important phase of rebuilding communities, and monitoring of social and economic determinants can give great insight to the process. During both the response and recovery phases, it is important to highlight the need for coordinated communication and action from the many players involved related to children. With a lack of power and communication options immediately after the storm, as well as jurisdictions responding differently based on their state or city protocols, streamlined activity and information gathering across child care providers can remain a difficult challenge. Representatives from state and federal level children and family agencies highlight their experiences during and after Hurricane Sandy hit the East Coast in October 2012.


Joyce Thomas, regional administrator for Administration for Children and Families (ACF) Region II,1 described the NDRF as the federal structure for how to best restore, redevelop, and revitalize the health, social, economic, natural, and environmental fabric of the community following a disaster. The NDRF defines the roles and responsibilities of the federal government in recovery, and provides guidance on coordinating structure, recovery planning, and building stronger, smarter, and safer communities.2

The NDRF established six recovery support functions (RSFs) that provide a structure to facilitate the identification, coordination, and delivery of federal assistance to supplement the state, local, private, and nonprofit efforts in affected communities. The RSFs are community planning and capacity building; economic; health and social services; housing; infrastructure systems; and natural and cultural resources. Each RSF has coordinating and primary federal agencies, and supporting organizations.

The coordinating agency for the health and social services RSF is the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), with the Office of the


1Region II includes New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

2The National Disaster Recovery Framework is available from FEMA at http://www.fema.gov/national-disaster-recovery-framework (accessed September 9, 2103).

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