The Need for Data
Because women of color are present in such low numbers in academia, data are difficult to collect because confidentiality is difficult to ensure—many women of color are the only woman of color in their department or in their sub-discipline at the national level. In Hurtado’s quantitative study of work/life issues, of the 260 women of color in the pool, 43 did not identify their department or their discipline because doing so would have revealed their identity. (Hurtado noted that this phenomenon exists to some extent for white women as well.) In qualitative research, Hurtado’s group commonly encounters individuals who refuse to be interviewed or later ask for the record to be deleted. Hurtado emphasized the need for departmental climates to change in order to make unnecessary these women’s concerns.
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1 Statistics on the Career Pathways of Women of Color Faculty in Academia ."
Seeking Solutions: Maximizing American Talent by Advancing Women of Color in Academia: Summary of a Conference . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.