development in cybersecurity with the support of the intelligence agencies spoke of the need for more student support and greater coordination among agencies, specifically, among NSF, the information technology agencies and the intelligence agencies.
• Federal funding agencies could create programs that allow departments to fund a bridge year for entering doctoral students who are very bright but whose educational background has one or more gaps.
• Federal funding agencies could allow training grants to fund tutoring of new graduate students by more senior graduate students, an activity that some departments have found to be very successful and that frees faculty time from tasks that can be done by others.
• Federal funding agencies could survey doctorate-granting departments for successful strategies and modify their grant programs accordingly.
In addition, various professional societies called for national organizations to take the following initiatives:
• Establish a working group focused on faculty success, identifying synergistic goals that support women of color faculty and faculty overall (e.g., American Society of Engineering Education).
• Develop a career development program focused on the challenges faced by women of color faculty, which can be presented to professional and student groups around the country (e.g., American Institute of Physics, National Organization for the Professional Advancement of Black Chemists and Chemical Engineers).
• Create a distinguished lecture series aimed at highlighting the achievements of accomplished women of color in STEM fields (e.g., Association for Women in Mathematics).
• Hold mini-summits of faculty who are women of color at core meetings at the National Academies that include opportunities for these scholars to interact in a focused manner with the key constituencies in the Academies (e.g., American Society of Engineering Education).
• Establish conferences and workshops aimed at women of color (and women overall) in STEM disciplines, including both research and mentoring components (e.g., Association for Women in Mathematics).