Cover Image

PAPERBACK
$45.00



View/Hide Left Panel

Contributors

Polina Anikeeva is the AMAX Assistant Professor in Materials Science and Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She takes a materials science approach to neural prosthesis by developing implantable and minimally invasive devices for direct recording and stimulation of neural activity. She employs principles of optoelectronics and magnetics to create functional micro- and nano-structured interfaces with individual neurons.

Kristi Anseth is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator and distinguished professor of chemical and biological engineering at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Her research interests lie at the interface between biology and engineering where she designs new biomaterials for applications in drug delivery and regenerative medicine. She is an elected member of the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine.

Halil Berberoglu is an assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin where his work focuses on developing technologies for producing renewable fuels from solar energy, in particular algal biofuel and solar hydrogen production technologies. He performs fundamental studies on photosynthesis, transport phenomena, and concentrated solar energy, as well as systems-level analysis for energetic, economic, and environmental sustainability of these technologies.

Tanzeem Choudhury is an associate professor in Computing and Information Sciences at Cornell University. She directs the People Aware Computing group, which develops mobile sensing and learning systems that track behavioral and vocal indicators of mental and physical health.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 159
Contributors Polina Anikeeva is the AMAX Assistant Professor in Materials Science and Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She takes a materials science approach to neural prosthesis by developing implantable and minimally invasive devices for direct recording and stimulation of neural activity. She employs principles of optoelectronics and magnetics to create functional micro- and nano-structured interfaces with individual neurons. Kristi Anseth is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator and distin- guished professor of chemical and biological engineering at the University of Colorado at Boulder.  Her research interests lie at the interface between biology and engineering where she designs new biomaterials for applications in drug delivery and regenerative medicine. She is an elected member of the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine. Halil Berberoglu is an assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engi- neering at the University of Texas at Austin where his work focuses on developing technologies for producing renewable fuels from solar energy, in particular algal biofuel and solar hydrogen production technologies. He performs fundamental studies on photosynthesis, transport phenomena, and concentrated solar energy, as well as systems-level analysis for energetic, economic, and environmental sustainability of these technologies. Tanzeem Choudhury is an associate professor in Computing and Information Sciences at Cornell University. She directs the People Aware Computing group, which develops mobile sensing and learning systems that track behavioral and vocal indicators of mental and physical health. 159

OCR for page 159
160 FRONTIERS OF ENGINEERING Laura Díaz Anadón is an assistant professor of technology innovation and public policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Her research in innovation in energy and environmental technologies seeks to quantify the benefits that derive from policies designed to promote innovation, map the complex factors that contribute to it, and create tools to manage its uncertainties. She also focuses on the design of innovation institutions and the connections between water and energy systems. Dragan Djurdjanovic is an associate professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin. His work involves functions of anomaly detection, isolation of the source of anomalous behavior, fault character- ization, and fault compensation in systems of interacting dynamic systems. Appli- cations include multistage manufacturing systems such as automotive assembly lines or semiconductor lithography overlay processes, automotive engine systems, and engine-generator sets for power generation. Steve Ellet is the vice president for supply chain design at CHAINalytics. He applies optimization and simulation to large-scale supply chain design for indus- tries with complex networks such as consumer packaged goods, process, retail, and high-tech. Antonio Facchetti is the chief technology officer of Polyera Inc. in Skokie, Illinois. His research interests include organic semiconductors and dielectrics for thin-film transistors, conducting polymers, molecular electronics, organic second- and third-order nonlinear optical materials, and organic photovoltaics. Elizabeth Hoegeman is the fuel system worldwide manufacturing leader at Cummins Inc. Her areas of research include product and process design of cost- effective and sustainable green precision machining, assembly, and testing, and product performance. Tony Jebara is an associate professor in the Department of Computer Science at Columbia University and chair of the Foundations of Data Science Center in the Institute for Data Science and Engineering. His primary interests are machine learning, social networks, graphs, spatio-temporal data, mobile data, and computer vision. He has advised and co-founded startup companies that focus on big data. Scott Klemmer is an associate professor of cognitive science and computer sci- ence and engineering at the University of California, San Diego where his research is on human-computer interaction. His group’s research tools gather and synthe- size examples to empower more people to design interactive systems, program, learn new skills, and work creatively.

OCR for page 159
CONTRIBUTORS 161 Yueh-Lin (Lynn) Loo is Theodora D. ’78 & William H. Walton III ’74 Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Princeton University. Her inter- ests are in materials chemistry and physics of electrically active polymeric and molecular materials. Her group elucidates the fundamental processing-structure- property relationships of these materials in order to develop innovative processing and patterning technologies for low-cost, lightweight, and mechanically flexible thin-film devices such as organic transistors and solar cells. Nanshu Lu is an assistant professor in the Department of Aerospace and Engi- neering Mechanics at the University of Texas at Austin. Her research focuses on the mechanics, materials, and microfabrication of flexible, stretchable, and bio-­ntegrated electronics through theoretical, numerical, and experimental i approaches. Rhett Mayor is an associate professor in the George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. His work is primarily in manufacturing and heat transfer, combustion, and energy systems; micro-factories and micro/meso-scale manufacturing processes; integrated micro- mechatronics; and micro-engines and micro-power generation. Rob Miller is a professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Com- puter Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His work lies at the intersection of programming and human computer interaction (HCI): making programming easier for end users (web end-user programming) and more pro- ductive for professionals (HCI for software developers), and making people part of the programming system itself (crowd computing and human computation). Miguel Modestino is a postdoctoral fellow in the School of Engineering at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. Douglas Muzyka is senior vice president and chief science and technology officer at DuPont. He joined the company in 1985 as a research scientist and has held a variety of research and research management roles in North America and abroad. He was named to his current position in 2010. Tse Nga (Tina) Ng is a senior research scientist in the Electronic Materials and Devices Laboratory at Palo Alto Research Center (PARC). She develops mechanically flexible electronics such as large-area photosensor arrays for x-ray medical imaging and nonvolatile memory for sensors. Prior to PARC, her research involved the development of pico-newton force measurement techniques such as cantilever magnetometry and electric force microscopy in order to study p ­ henomena in organic semiconductors.

OCR for page 159
162 FRONTIERS OF ENGINEERING Willem Rensink is part of the Shell GameChanger team in the Innovation and R&D Department of Shell Projects and Technology (US). GameChanger identifies and incubates revolutionary ideas to proof of concept by partnering with Shell employees and external entrepreneurs or university researchers and funding early stage, revolutionary ideas. The ideas address challenges in the traditional oil and gas industry or create opportunities for future energy operations. Rachel Segalman is a professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley. She develops polymers for energy appli- cations, including ion-conducting membranes for solar fuel devices as well as thermoelectric and electronic active layers for a variety of devices. Steven Skerlos is the Arthur F. Thumau Professor in the Department of ­ echanical M Engineering at the University of Michigan where his research focuses on knowledge and technology systems that minimize the environmental consequences of engineering design and manufacturing systems. This objective is being pursued primarily in the automotive, electric power, water/wastewater treatment, and manufacturing sectors. Kate Starbird is an assistant professor in the Department of Human Centered Design and Engineering at the University of Washington. Her research, which is in the field of human-computer interaction, examines online interaction and emer- gent collaboration during crisis events (e.g., natural disasters, mass protests, etc.). Specifically, she studies ways in which the “crowd” contributes to emergency and humanitarian response efforts. Stuart Thomas is global technology and licensing manager in industrial bio­ sciences at DuPont. His research is focused on technology development and commercialization of cellulosic ethanol. Duncan Watts is a principal researcher at Microsoft where he examines the col- lective dynamics of large-scale social systems applied to issues such as coopera- tion, organization problem-solving, diffusion of information, and systemic risk. Christian Will is the chief technology officer for the DELMIA brand at Dassault Systèmes. His work brings business intelligence, social media, mobility, and cloud computing technologies into a process-centric “application composition” platform. The goal is to merge the virtual world of modeling and simulation with the real world of execution, thereby accelerating business transformation to new product-based economics, flexible factories, and demand-driven value networks. Joyce Yang is a technology manager in the Bioenergy Technologies Office of the US Department of Energy. Her work is in microbial deconstruction and bio­ transformation of biomass components into fuels, chemicals, and power.