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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.
This project was supported by Contract NNH13CK14D between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The views presented in this publication are those of the editors and attributing authors and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.
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The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.
Cover credit: All photos courtesy of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2014. Health standards for long duration and exploration spaceflight: Ethics principles, responsibilities, and decision framework. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.