Big Bang theory, 67-70, 74-79, 82, 90, 93

blue curtain, 85-87, 88

computer applications, 71-72, 77, 86-88, 90, 92, 149

dark matter, 67-72, 80, 84-91

gravitational lensing, 84-91

gravity's role, 68-71, 79, 87-91

imaging technology, 67, 85-90

measurements (basic) in space, 72-73, 76-77

omega, 68-69, 80

quasar studies, 73, 78, 80-84

redshift data, 70, 71, 77-82, 91, 92, 93

star formation, 91-93

universe texture, 69-74

AT&T Bell Laboratories, 67, 75, 153, 244, 245

Atmospheric science

chemistry of atmosphere, 182, 183-191

chlorofluorocarbons, 179, 184

computational experimentation, 191

computer simulations, 178-179, 191-194

definition of problems, 180-181

historical perspective, 187

measurement of pollutants, 187-188

nighttime chemistry, 188-191

ozone layer, 179, 183-184

ozone pollution, 184-187

pollution control laws, 194-197

public interests of, 197-198

regulatory issues, 179, 181-183

role of, 179

see also Air pollution

Atomic theory of matter, 26

B

Bacteria, photosynthesis in, 32

Balaban, Robert, 120, 132

Balance scale, 26

Bancel, Peter, 247

Bardeen, John, 155, 156, 235, 243

Baryons, 76

Bechtold, Jill, 73, 81, 82, 83, 84, 91

Bednorz, J. Georg, 233

Berger, Robert, 248

Berk, Arnold, 99, 105, 111

Bertschinger, Edmund, 70, 90-91

Big Bang theory, 3-4, 70, 77

evidence for, 74-75, 77, 79

formation of heavier elements, 82

galaxy formation, 90

microwave background radiation and, 75

missing-mass problem, 67-68

and Omega, 69

redshift and, 78, 93

relativity and, 76

series of events, 75-76

Binary systems, 153-154

Biology

central dogma of, 101-103

data compressibility in, 58-60

dynamical systems in, 57-60, 94, 100, 113, 216

neural networks, 201

Bipolarons, 244

Birkhoff, Garrett, 150

Birkhoff, George, 48, 49

Black holes, 81-82, 85

Bloch, Felix, 123, 124

Bloembergen, Nicholaas, 129

Blood-brain barrier, 143

Blood flow and vessels, imaging of, 139-140

Bloxham, Jeremy, 3, 20, 22

Blueshifted light, 79

Body waves, 10

Bohr, Niels, 123

Bones, magnetic resonance imaging of, 134-137

Boole, George, 153

Boolean logic, 154

Born, Max, 123

Boson, 244



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