• Firm innovation processes (from the Economic Research Service [ERS] at the U.S. Department of Agriculture [USDA])
  • Propensity-to-innovate ratings
  • Mappings of entrepreneurial density
  • Firm births, mergers and acquisitions, deaths (“business dynamics” as characterized by Haltiwanger at the panel’s July 2011 workshop, including geography, industry, business size, business age)
  • State and federal grants and loans (from Science and Technology for America’s Reinvestment: Measuring the Effect of Research on Innovation, Competitiveness and Science [STAR METRICS])
  • Initial public offerings
  • New products (from Thomasnet.com)
  • Drug and other approvals (from the Food and Drug Administration)
  • Data on dealmakers and entrepreneurs, including number of connections
  • Data on emerging industries, based on universities, government laboratories, firms, value chains, key occupations, and individuals


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