UNESCO     R&D personnel and researchers (FTE and head count) by gender, performing sector, educational qualification, field of science; technicians and other supporting staff by performing sector   Innovation in manufacturing sector—firms involved in innovation; cooperation arrangements; hampering factors of innovation; available for 12 nations

NOTES: BERD = business enterprise expenditure on research and development; BOP = balance of payments; BRIC = Brazil, Russia, India, and China; EPO = European Patent Office; EU = European Union; FTE = full-time equivalent; GBAORD = government budget appropriations or outlays for research and development; GDP = gross domestic product; GERD = gross domestic expenditure on research and development; GOVERD = government intramural expenditure on research and development; HE = higher education; HERD = higher education expenditure on research and development; ICT = information and communication technology; MSA = metropolitan statistical area; NAEP = National Assessment of Educational Progress; NAICS = North American Industry Classification System; NSB = National Science Board; NCSES = National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics; PISA = Programme for International Student Assessment; R&D = research and development; ROW = rest of the world; S&E = science and engineering; SEH = science, engineering, and health; STEM = science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; UNESCO = United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization; USPTO = United States Patent and Trademark Office.

SOURCES: Adapted from BRDIS, see http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/industry/ [November 2012]. Federal Funds, see http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/fedfunds/ [November 2012]. R&D Expenditure at FFRDCs, see http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/ffrdc/ [November 2012]. HERD, see http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/herd/ [November 2012]. Science and Engineering State Profiles, see http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/pubseri.cfm?seri_id=18 [November 2012]. S&E I 2012, see http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind12/tables.htm [November 2012]. UNESCO, see http://www.uis.unesco.org/ScienceTechnology/Pages/default.aspx [November 2012]. OECD, see http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=MSTI_PUB [November 2012]. Eurostat, see http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/science_technology_innovation/data/database European Union, 1995-2013 [November 2012]. Statistics Canada, CANSIM, see http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/a33?lang=eng&spMode=master&themeID=193&RT=TABLE [November 2012].

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement