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Appendix C Workshop on Developing Science, Technology, and Innovation Indicators for the Future Agenda and Participants AGENDA This workshop is part of a study by the Panel on Developing Science, Technology, and Innovation Indicators for the Future. During this two-day meeting, scholars and practitioners from around the world will discuss specific datasets, frameworks, methods, and tools for measuring science, technology and innovation (STI) activities at the national and subnational levels, and for developed and developing countries. Participants will discuss: (1) metrics that have been shown to track changes in national economic growth, productivity, and other indicators of social development; (2) frameworks for gathering data on academic inputs to research, development, and translation processes toward commercialization of new scientific outputs, with specific regional outlooks; and (3) next-generation methods for gathering and disseminating data that give snapshot views of scientific research and innovation in sectors such as biotechnology and information and communication technology (ICT). Presentations and networked discussions will focus attention on the policy relevance of redesigned or new indicators. PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS C-1

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C-2 CAPTURING CHANGE IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND INNOVATION: IMPROVING INDICATORS TO INFORM POLICY DAY 1: Monday, July 11, 2011 8:00-9:00 AM REGISTRATION IN LOBBY (breakfast available in main foyer) 9:00-9:10 WELCOME AND OVERVIEW Cochairs: Robert Litan (Kauffman Foundation) and Andrew Wyckoff (OECD) Connie Citro (Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council) Steve Merrill (Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, National Research Council) 9:10-10:35 SESSION I: NEXT-GENERATION STI STATISTICS—FRAMEWORKS AND DATA Objective: Identify what the federal statistical system can produce now regarding STI trends. Specific measures of business and university inputs and outputs and related outcomes and impacts are welcomed. What can be done now with existing surveys and administrative data? What do users want that requires new methods of gathering and disseminating data (types of data, linkages of agency surveys and periodicity)? What should NCSES produce to meet demand? Chair: Bob Litan (Kauffman Foundation) Discussant: John Rolph (University Southern California) Presenters: John Haltiwanger (University Maryland) Alicia Robb (Kauffman Foundation) Stefano Bertuzzi (National Institutes of Health; STAR METRICS) Matthieu Delescluse (European Commission) 10:35-10:45 BREAK (refreshments available in lobby) 10:45-12:45 PM SESSION II: INTERNATIONAL STI INDICATORS—RECENT DEVELOPMENTS Objective: Identify recent developments in measuring STI and what is currently planned for the future. Discussion should reveal what has been successfully and unsuccessfully measured. What are critical bottlenecks and perceived opportunities? Policy relevance of indicators is key. What global STI metrics and indicators should NCSES develop in the near and medium terms (the next 5-10 years)? Chair: Michael Mandel (University of Pennsylvania) Discussant: Andrew Wyckoff (OECD) Presenters: Jonathan Haskel (Imperial College Business School, U.K.) Brian MacAulay (National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts), U.K. Hugo Hollanders (United Nations University-Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology [UNU-MERIT], Netherlands) PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

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USERS OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (STI) DATA AND C-3 INDICATORS: THEIR QUESTIONS AND REQUESTS FOR STI INDICATORS Shinichi Akaike (Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University, Japan) Cheonsik Woo (Korean Development Institute) 12:45-1:45 LUNCH (in main foyer) 1:45-3:45 SESSION III: NEXT-GENERATION STI STATISTICS—FRONTIER METHODS Objective: Identify frameworks and tools beyond survey instruments that yield measurements of research and commercialization productivity. Details on how a statistical agency can utilize these tools are key. Education and workforce indicators are needed. Which tools are ripe for application that NCSES should use to produce new STI indicators? Chair: Geoff Davis (Google) Discussant: Richard Freeman (Harvard University) Presenters: Erik Brynjolfsson (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Lee Giles (Penn State University) Carl Bergstrom (University of Washington) Richard Price (Academia.edu) 3:45-4:00 BREAK (refreshments available in lobby) 4:00-5:00 SESSION IV: ROUNDTABLE: INDUSTRY, ACADEMIC, AND GOVERNMENT PERSPECTIVES Objective: Identify what firms, universities, and statistical agencies can be expected to contribute to data inputs for STI indicators. Determine new uses for STI indicators at firms, particularly multinationals. Establish what policy makers and university sponsored research officers/technology transfer managers need to know in their respective decision-making processes. Where will the indicators be used and why, and why have they not already been developed? What are the new data inputs and new statistical outputs that should be the laser focus for NCSES in the next 5-10 years? Chairs: Barbara Fraumeni (University of Southern Maine) Discussants: Nick Donofrio (IBM) Richard Freeman (Harvard University) David Goldston (Natural Resources Defense Council) 5:00-5:10 WRAP-UP Cochairs: Robert Litan and Andrew Wyckoff Study Director: Kaye Husbands Fealing (National Academies/ Committee on National Statistics) 5:30-7:00 RECEPTION (in main foyer) 7:00 PM ADJOURN PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

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C-4 CAPTURING CHANGE IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND INNOVATION: IMPROVING INDICATORS TO INFORM POLICY DAY 2: Tuesday, July 12, 2011 8:00 -8:30 AM REGISTRATION IN LOBBY (breakfast available in main foyer) 8:30 -10:30 SESSION V: INTERNATIONAL STI INDICATORS—NEW REGIONS Objective: Identify new foci for STI indicator initiatives. Includes presentations on emerging economies’ measurement of STI diffusion and impacts. Discussion of service-sector measures and measures of design activities. What indicators should NCSES develop to measure technological diffusion and design? Chair: Carl Dahlman (Georgetown University) Discussant: Fred Gault (UNU-MERIT) Presenters: Howard Alper (University of Ottawa, Canada) Changlin Gao (Chinese Academy of Science and Technology for Development) Philippe Mawoko (The New Partnership for Africa’s Development [NEPAD], South Africa) Gustavo Crespi (Inter-American Development Bank, Uruguay) Jayanta Chatterjee (Indian Institute of Technology-Kanpur) 10:30-10:45 BREAK (refreshments available in lobby) 10:45-12:30 PM SESSION VI: SUBNATIONAL STI INDICATORS Objective: Identify state and regional indicators of entrepreneurial activities and hot spots of innovation. What indicators should NCSES develop to measure state and regional STI and diffusion activities? Chair: Lee Wilkinson (SYSTAT) Discussant: David Goldston (Natural Resources Defense Council) Presenters: Andrew Reamer (George Washington University) Robert Atkinson (Information Technology and Innovation Foundation) Maryann Feldman (University of North Carolina) David Winwood (The University of Alabama-Birmingham Research Foundation)/Robert Samors (Association of Public and Land-grant Universities [APLU], by telephone) 12:30-12:40 Wrap-up Cochairs: Robert Litan and Andrew Wyckoff 12:40-2:00 LUNCH (in main foyer) 2:00 PM ADJOURN PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

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USERS OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (STI) DATA AND C-5 INDICATORS: THEIR QUESTIONS AND REQUESTS FOR STI INDICATORS PARTICIPANTS PANEL MEMBERS Changlin Gao, Chinese Academy of Robert E. Litan (Cochair), The Ewing Science and Technology, Beijing, Marion Kauffman Foundation China Andrew W. Wyckoff (Cochair), OECD, Lee Giles, Penn State University Paris John Haltiwanger, University of Carl J. Dahlman, Georgetown University Maryland Geoff Davis, Google, Inc. Jonathan Haskel, Imperial College Barbara M. Fraumeni, University of Business School, United Kingdom Southern Maine Hugo Hollanders, Maastrict University, Richard B. Freeman, Harvard University The Netherlands Fred Gault, United Nations University- Brian MacAulay, National Endowment for Maastricht Economic and Social Science, Technology and the Arts, Research Institute on Innovation and United Kingdom Technology, The Netherlands Philippe Mawoko, The New Partnership David Goldston, Natural Resources for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), Defense Council Pretoria, South Africa Michael Mandel, University of Richard Price, Academia.edu Pennsylvania Andrew Reamer, George Washington John E. Rolph, University of Southern University California Alicia Robb, The Ewing Marion Kauffman Leland Wilkinson, SYSTAT Software, Foundation Inc. Robert Samors (by telephone), Association of Public and Land-grant PRESENTERS Universities Shinichi Akaike, Hitotsubashi University, David Winwood, Association of Public Japan and Land-grant Universities Howard Alper, Canada’s Science, Technology, and Innovation Council GUESTS Rob Atkinson, Information Technology Ana Aizcorbe, U.S. Bureau of Economic and Innovation Foundation Analysis Carl Bergstrom, University of Jeff Alexander, SRI International Washington Gary Anderson, Jr., National Institute of Stefano Bertuzzi, National Institutes of Standards and Technology Health Clara Asmail, National Institute of Eric Brynjolfsson, Massachusetts Institute Standards and Technology of Technology B.K. Atrostic, U.S. Census Bureau Jayanta Chatterjee, Indian Institute of David Ballard, GRA, Inc. Technology, Kanpur, India David Beede, U.S. Department of Gustavo Crespi, Inter-American Commerce Development Bank Bob Bell, National Center for Science and Matthieu Delescluse, European Engineering Statistics, National Science Commission, Brussels, Belgium Foundation Nick Donofrio, IBM Brittany Bond, U.S. Department of Maryann Feldman, University of North Commerce Carolina PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

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C-6 CAPTURING CHANGE IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND INNOVATION: IMPROVING INDICATORS TO INFORM POLICY Patrice Bourdelais, Centre National de la John Jankowski, National Center for Récherche Scientifique Science and Engineering Statistics, Paul Bugg, U.S. Office of Management National Science Foundation and Budget Ken Jarboe, Athena Alliance Lynda Carlson, National Center for Richard Johnson, Global Helix, LLC Science and Engineering Statistics, David Kahaner, Asian Technology National Science Foundation Information Program Carolyn Carroll, STAT TECH, Inc. Nimmi Kannankutty, National Center for Arthur Cho, Japan Science and Science and Engineering Statistics, Technology Agency National Science Foundation Carol Corrado, Georgetown Center for Michael Kehoe, American Association for Business and Public Policy the Advancement of Science Louis Marc Ducharme, Statistics Canada Todd Kuiken, Woodrow Wilson Louise Earl, Statistics Canada International Center for Scholars Uchenna Egenti, East Tennessee State Karen Laney, U.S. International Trade University Commission Elmer Iglesias, U.S. Department of Chuck Larson, Innovation Research Commerce International Jonathan Epstein, U.S. Senate Marc Legault, Science, Technology, and Paul Fakes, American Society for Innovation Council, Canada Mechanical Engineers Rolf Lehming, National Center for Science Chris Fall, U.S. Military and Engineering Statistics, National Jean Favero, Centre National de la Science Foundation Récherche Scientifique Wendy Li, U.S. Bureau of Economic Lauren Gilchrist, Center for Regional Analysis Economic Competitiveness Ying Lowrey, U.S. Small Business Stuart Graham, U.S. Patent and Administration Trademark Office Shelley Martinez, U.S. Office of Myron Gutmann, Directorate for the Management and Budget Social, Behavioral, and Economic Tony Mazzaschi, Association of American Sciences, National Science Foundation Medical Colleges John Hall, PA Alliance for STEM Christine McDonald, U.S. Office of Education Management and Budget Kim Hamilton, U.S. Patent Board Javier Miranda, U.S. Census Bureau Lee Herring, Office of Legislative and T.C. Moore, Independent Consultant Public Affairs, National Science Francisco Moris, National Center for Foundation Science and Engineering Statistics, Robert Hershey, Capital PC User Group National Science Foundation Chris Hill, George Mason University Paul Morris, National Center for Science Richard Hough, U.S. Census Bureau and Engineering Statistics, National Tommy Hudzik, Independent Consultant Science Foundation Charles Hulten, University of Maryland Manuel Mota, Massachusetts Institute of Takashi Inutsuka, Science Counselor, Technology Embassy of Japan Jeri Mulrow, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, National Science Foundation PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

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USERS OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (STI) DATA AND C-7 INDICATORS: THEIR QUESTIONS AND REQUESTS FOR STI INDICATORS Vinh Nguyen, Independent Consultant Greg Tassey, National Institute of Kimberly Noonan, National Center for Standards and Technology Science and Engineering Statistics, Chris Thomas, Independent Consultant National Science Foundation Hua Tian, Arizona State University Pamela O’Neil, National Center for James Tsang, Independent Consultant Science and Engineering Statistics, Nick Vonortas, George Washington National Science Foundation University Takashi Ohama, Japan Science and Philip Webre, Congressional Budget Technology Agency Office Sumiya Okubo, Independent Consultant Brittany Westlake, American Chemical Erik Pages, EntreWorks Consulting Society Diane Palmintera, Innovation Associates Jeremy Wise, U.S. International Trade Sapun Parekh, National Science Commission Foundation Tim Wojan, U.S. Department of Jongwon Park, SRI International Agriculture Joel Parriott, U.S. Office of Management Rieko Yajima, American Association for and Budget the Advancement of Science Sebastian Pfotenhauer, Massachusetts Arthur Yong Yeung Cho, Japan Science Institute of Technology and Technology Agency Pallivi Phartiyal, American Association Pluvia Zuniga, United Nations University- for the Advancement of Science Maastricht Economic and Social Brian Reinhardt, Defense Threat Research Institute on Innovation and Reduction Agency Technology Sally Rood, Science Policy Works International NAS STAFF Robert Shelton, World Technology Connie Citro, Committee on National Evaluation Center, Inc. Statistics Stephanie Shipp, IDA Science and Gail Greenfield, Policy and Global Affairs Technology Policy Institute Kaye Husbands Fealing, Committee on Debbie Stine, President’s Council of National Statistics Advisors on Science and Technology Anthony Mann, Committee on National Andrea Stith, International Higher Statistics Education and Science Steve Merrill, Science, Technology, and Ezequiel Tacsir, Inter-American Economic Policy Development Bank Miron Straf, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS