A

Biographies of Committee Members and Staff

David E. Liddle, Chair, has been a partner at U.S. Venture Partners, a Silicon Valley-based venture capital firm since 2000. He co-founded Interval Research Corporation, a Silicon Valley-based laboratory and incubator for new businesses focusing on broadband, consumer devices, interaction design, and advanced technologies, where he served as president and CEO between 1992 and 1999. Previously, Dr. Liddle co-founded Metaphor Computer Systems, Inc., in 1982 and served as its president and CEO until 1991. He has also held executive positions at Xerox Corporation and IBM. Prior to co-founding Interval with Paul Allen, Dr. Liddle founded Metaphor, which was acquired by IBM in 1991, which named him vice president of business development for IBM Personal Systems. His extensive experience in research and development has focused largely on human-computer interactions and includes 10 years at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), from 1972 to 1982. He has been a director of MaxLinear, Sybase, Broderbund Software, Borland International, and Ticketmaster and is currently on the board of the New York Times Company and InPhi, Inc. His board involvement at U.S. Venture Partners includes AltoBeam, Karmasphere, and LineStream. Dr. Liddle served on the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Information Science and Technology Committee and as co-chair of the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Computer Science and Telecommunications board. His contributions to human-computer interaction design earned him the distinction of senior fellow at the Royal College of Art. He is on the boards of SRI International, the College of Engineering at Stanford University and The Public Library of Science. Dr, Liddle earned a B.S. in electrical engineering at the University of Michigan and a Ph.D. in EECS at the University of Toledo, where his dissertation focused on reconfigurable computing machines and theories of encryption, encoding and signal recovery. He recently served as chair of the NRC study on wireless technology prospects and policy options, and on the subsequent PCAST study on realizing the full potential of government-held spectrum to spur economic growth. He is a type-rated Citation pilot with more than 2,000 hours in jets.

Steven M. Bellovin (NAE) is a professor of computer science at Columbia University, where he does research on networks, security, and especially why the two do not get along. He recently served as



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A Biographies of Committee Members and Staff David E. Liddle, Chair, has been a partner at U.S. Venture Partners, a Silicon Valley-based venture capital firm since 2000. He co-founded Interval Research Corporation, a Silicon Valley-based labo- ratory and incubator for new businesses focusing on broadband, consumer devices, interaction design, and advanced technologies, where he served as president and CEO between 1992 and 1999. Previously, Dr. Liddle co-founded Metaphor Computer Systems, Inc., in 1982 and served as its president and CEO until 1991. He has also held executive positions at Xerox Corporation and IBM. Prior to co-founding Interval with Paul Allen, Dr. Liddle founded Metaphor, which was acquired by IBM in 1991, which named him vice president of business development for IBM Personal Systems. His extensive experience in research and development has focused largely on human-computer interactions and includes 10 years at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), from 1972 to 1982. He has been a director of MaxLinear, Sybase, Broderbund Software, Borland International, and Ticketmaster and is currently on the board of the New York Times Company and InPhi, Inc. His board involvement at U.S. Venture Partners includes AltoBeam, Karmasphere, and LineStream. Dr. Liddle served on the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Information Science and Technology Committee and as co-chair of the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Computer Science and Telecommunications board. His contributions to human-computer interaction design earned him the distinction of senior fellow at the Royal College of Art. He is on the boards of SRI International, the College of Engineering at Stanford University and The Public Library of Science. Dr, Liddle earned a B.S. in electrical engineering at the University of Michigan and a Ph.D. in EECS at the University of Toledo, where his dissertation focused on reconfigurable computing machines and theories of encryption, encoding and signal recovery. He recently served as chair of the NRC study on wireless technology prospects and policy options, and on the subsequent PCAST study on realizing the full potential of government-held spectrum to spur economic growth. He is a type- rated Citation pilot with more than 2,000 hours in jets. Steven M. Bellovin (NAE) is a professor of computer science at Columbia University, where he does research on networks, security, and especially why the two do not get along. He recently served as 21

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22 INTERIM REPORT OF A REVIEW OF NEXTGEN the chief technologist for the Federal Trade Commission. He joined the faculty at Columbia in 2005 after many years at Bell Labs and AT&T Labs Research where he was an AT&T fellow. He received a B.A. degree from Columbia University and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in computer science from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. While a graduate student, he helped create Netnews; for this, he and the other perpetrators were given the 1995 Usenix Lifetime Achievement Award (The Flame). In 2007 he received the National Institute of Standards and Technology/National Security Agency National Computer Systems Security Award. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and is serving on the Department of Homeland Security’s Science and Technol- ogy Advisory Committee and the Technical Guidelines Development Committee of the Election Assistance Commission. He was a member of the Internet Architecture Board from 1996-2002 and was co-director of the Security Area of the Internet Engineering Task Forcefrom 2002 through 2004. Dr. Bellovin is the co-author of Firewalls and Internet Security: Repelling the Wily Hacker, and holds a number patents on cryptographic and network protocols. He has served on many NRC committees, including those on information systems trustworthiness, the privacy implications of authentication technologies, and cybersecurity research needs. He was also a member of the information technol- ogy subcommittee of an NRC study group on science versus terrorism. John-Paul B. Clarke is an associate professor in the Daniel Guggenheim School of Aerospace Engineering with a courtesy appointment in the H. Milton Stewart School of Industrial and Sys- tems Engineering and director of the Air Transportation Laboratory at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He received S.B., S.M. , and Sc.D. degrees in aeronautics and astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). His research and teaching in the areas of control, optimization, and system analysis, architecture, and design are motivated by his desire to simul- taneously maximize the efficiency and minimize the societal costs (especially on the environment) of the global air transportation system. Dr. Clarke has made seminal contributions in the areas of air traffic management, aircraft operations, and airline operations—the three key elements of the air transportation system—and has been recognized globally for developing, among other things, key analytical foundations for the Continuous Descent Arrival and novel concepts for robust airline scheduling. His research has resulted in significant changes in engineering methods, processes and products—most notably the development of new arrival procedures for four major U.S. airports and one European airport—and changes in airline scheduling practices. He is an associate fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) and a member of the Airline Group of the International Federation of Operational Research Societies, Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences, and Sigma Xi. His many honors include the AIAA/AAAE/ACC Jay Hollingsworth Speas Airport Award (1999), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Excellence in Aviation Award (2003), the NAE Gilbreth Lecturership (2006), and the 37th SAE/AIAA William Littlewood Memorial Lecture Award (2012). George L. Donohue was granted the status of professor emeritus in 2010 and has been a professor of systems engineering and operations research at George Mason University since 2000. He has an M.S. and a Ph.D. in mechanical and aerospace engineering from Oklahoma State University and a BSME from the University of Houston. From 1994 to 1998, he was the associate administrator for research and acquisitions at the FAA and is the founding director of the Center for Air Trans- portation Systems Research in the Volgenau School of Engineering. Dr. Donohue is a former vice president of the RAND Corporation and director of PROJECT AIR FORCE (1989-1994). Previously he was the director of DARPA’s Aerospace and Strategic Technology Office (1988-1989), a vice

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APPENDIX A 23 president of Dynamics Technology (1979-1984). He served as head of the Advanced Technology Division (1977-1979) and head of the Fluid Mechanics Branch (1973-1976) at the U.S. Naval Ocean System Center in San Diego, California. In the interim, he served as a program manger in DARPA’s Tactical Technology Office (1976-1977). He has been awarded an NRC post-doctoral fellowship with the U.S. Navy (1973-1974), the Secretary of Defense Meritorious Civilian Service Medal (1977), the Air Traffic Control Association Clifford Burton Memorial Award (1998), and the Embry Riddle Aeronautical University Pinnacle Award for initiating the Alaska Capstone ADS-B Program (2007). He was named one of Federal Computer Week’s top 100 Executives in 1997 and was also named one of the top 100 decision makers in Washington, D.C., by the National Journal in 1997. Dr. Donohue was chosen to head the U.S. Delegation to the International Civil Aviation OrganizationConference on Air Traffic Management Modernization in 1998. He is a member of Tau Beta Pi, Pi Tau Sigma, Omicron Delta Kappa, and Sigma Xi honorary societies. He is a fellow of AIAA and a licensed private pilot with a single-engine land rating. In addition to more than 60 published unclassified papers, he has been the principle author of two books on air transportation, the most recent is titled Terminal Chaos: Why U.S. Air Travel is Broken and How to Fix It. He has testified before Congress on both military and civil aviation issues on numerous occasions. Dr. Donohue is currently acting as an academic advisor to undergraduate and doctoral students. He is a member of the NRC’s NASA Aeronautics Research and Technology Roundtable, and a member of the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Advisory Board, Oklahoma State University. R. John Hansman, Jr. (NAE) is the T. Wilson Professor in the Department of Aeronautics and Astro- nautics at MIT, where he is head of the Humans and Automation Division. He also is director of the International Center for Air Transportation. His current research interests focus on advanced cockpit information systems, including flight management systems, air-ground datalink, electronic charting, advanced alerting systems, and flight crew situational awareness. Dr. Hansman received a Ph.D. from MIT. He holds six U.S. Patents and has authored more than 250 technical publica- tions. He is also an internationally recognized expert in aviation meteorological hazards such as icing and windshear. He is a fellow of AIAA. He received the 1998 Bose Award for Excellence in Teaching, the 1997 FAA Excellence in Aviation Award, the 1994 AIAA Losey Atmospheric Award, the 1990 OSTIV Diploma for Technical Contributions, and the 1986 AIAA Award for Best Paper in Thermophysics. He recently served as co-chair of the MIT Presidential Task Force on Student Life and Learning. Dr. Hansman consults and serves as a member of numerous advisory and technical committees, including the Congressional Aeronautics Advisory Committee, the FAA Research and Development Advisory Committee, the FAA WAAS Independent Review Board, and the NASA Advanced Air Transportation Technologies Executive Steering Committee. He serves on several editorial boards, including Air Traffic Control Quarterly. He has more than 5,650 hours of pilot in- command time in airplanes, helicopters, and sailplanes, including meteorological, production, and engineering flight test experience. Mats P.E. Heimdahl is the director of the University of Minnesota Software Engineering Center where he specializes in software engineering and safety critical systems. Dr. Heimdahl is the recipi- ent of the National Science Foundation’s CAREER award and University of Minnesota’s McKnight Land-Grant Professorship, the McKnight Presidential Fellow Award, and the Award for Outstand- ing Contributions to Post-Baccalaureate, Graduate, and Professional Education. His research group, the Critical Systems Research Group, is conducting research in software engineering and is inves- tigating methods and tools to help develop software with predictable behavior free from defects.

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24 INTERIM REPORT OF A REVIEW OF NEXTGEN Research in this area spans all aspects of system development ranging from concept formation and requirements specification through design and implementation to testing and maintenance. In particular, he is investigating model-based software development for critical systems, focusing on how to use various static verification techniques to assure that software requirements models possess desirable properties, how to correctly generate production code from software requirements models, how to validate models, and how to effectively use the models in the testing process. John C. Knight is a professor of computer science at the University of Virginia. He holds a B.Sc. (Hons) in mathematics from the Imperial College of Science and Technology (London) and a Ph.D. in computer science from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Prior to joining the University of Virginia in 1981, he was with NASA’s Langley Research Center. He was the general chair of the 2000 International Symposium on the Foundations of Software Engineering (FSE), and general chair of the 2007 International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE). He served as editor in chief of IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering from January 2002 to December 2005. He was honored by the IEEE Computer Society as the recipient of the 2006 Harlan D. Mills Award “for encourag- ing software researchers to focus on practical results as well as theory, and for critically analyzing their assumptions and evaluating their research claims.” He was honored by the Association for Computing Machinery’s (ACM’s) Special Interest Group on Software Engineering (SIGSOFT) as the recipient of the 2008 Distinguished Service Award. Leon J. Osterweil is a professor in the Department of Computer Science and co-director of the Laboratory for Advanced Software Engineering Research at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He served as dean of the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics at the University of Massachusetts, as chair of the Information and Computer Science Department of the University of California, Irvine, and chair of the Computer Science Department at the University of Colo- rado, Boulder. Dr. Osterweil received the Outstanding Research Award for lifetime achievement in research and the Influential Educator Award, both from ACM SIGSOFT. His paper suggesting the idea of process programming was recognized as the Most Influential Paper of the 9th Interna- tional Conference on Software Engineering, awarded as a 10-year retrospective. Dr. Osterweil has served on the editorial boards of several journals, including IEEE Software, IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, and ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology. He has served as program chair for many conferences, including the 16th ICSE, and as general chair of the 28th ICSE and the 6th FSE. He was a member of the Software Engineering Institute’s Process Program Advisory Board for several years following its inception and has been an advisor or consultant for such organizations as SAIC, MCC, AT&T, Boeing, KLA-Tencor, TRW, and IBM. He has been a keynote speaker at many conferences around the world. Dr. Osterweil is a fellow of the ACM and an ACM Lecturer. Walker E. Royce is the chief software economist in IBM Software Group. He is a principal consultant and practice leader specializing in measured improvement of systems and software development capability. He is the author of three books: Eureka! Discover and Enjoy the Hidden Power of the English Language (2011), The Economics of Software Development (2009) and Software Project Management, A Unified Framework (1998). From 1994-2009, Mr. Royce was the vice president and general manager of IBM’s Rational Services organization and built a worldwide team of 500 technical specialists in software delivery best practices and $100 million in consulting services. Before joining Rational/ IBM, he spent 16 years in software project development, software technology development, and

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APPENDIX A 25 software management roles at TRW Electronics and Defense. Mr. Royce was a recipient of TRW’s Chairman’s Award for Innovation for his contributions in distributed architecture middleware and iterative software processes (1990) and was a TRW technical fellow. He received his B.A. in phys- ics from the University of California and his M.S. in computer engineering from the University of Michigan. Gavriel Salvendy (NAE) is professor emeritus of industrial engineering at Purdue University and chair professor emeritus and former head (2001-2011) of the Department of Industrial Engineering at Tsinghua University, Beijing, and P.R. of China. He is the author or co-author of more than 550 research publications, including more than 300 journal papers, and he is the author or editor of 42 books. His publications have appeared in seven languages. He is the major professor to 67 former and current Ph.D. students. His main research deals with the human aspects of design, operation, and management of advanced engineering systems. Dr. Salvendy is the founding editor of Interna- tional Journal on Human-Computer Interaction and Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing and Service Industries. He was the founding chair of the International Commission on Human Aspects in Computing, Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1990, he became the first member of either the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society or the International Ergonomics Association to be elected to the NAE. He was elected “for fundamental contributions to and professional leadership in human, physical, and cognitive aspects of engineering systems.” In 1995, he received an honor- ary doctorate from the Chinese Academy of Sciences “for great contributions to the development of science and technology and for the great influence upon the development of science and technology in China” and is the fourth person in all fields of science and engineering in the 45 years of the Academy ever to receive this award. In 2006, he received the Friendship Award presented by the People’s Republic of China—the highest honor the Chinese government confers on foreign experts. In 2007, he received the John Fritz Medal, which is the engineering profession’s highest award, for his “fundamental international and seminal leadership and technical contributions to human engineering and industrial engineering education, theory, and practice.” The journals Ergonomics (2003), Computers in Industry (2010), and Intelligent Manufacturing (2011) have published special issues in his honor. He is an honorary fellow and life member of the Ergonomics Society and a fellow of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, the Institute of Industrial Engineers, and the American Psychological Association. He has advised organizations in more than 31 countries on the human side of effective design, implementation, and management of advanced technologies in the workplace. He earned his Ph.D. in engineering production at the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.  Thomas B. Sheridan (NAE) is the Ford Professor of Engineering and Applied Psychology, Emeritus, in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and the Department of Aeronautics and Astronau- tics at MIT, where he has spent most of his professional career serving as director of the Human- Machine Systems Laboratory. Dr. Sheridan’s research interests are in experimentation, mathematical modeling, and design of human-machine systems in air, highway, and rail transportation, space and undersea robotics, process control, arms control, telemedicine, and virtual reality. He has authored and edited numerous books, co-founded the MIT Press journal Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments and served on several editorial boards. Dr. Sheridan chaired and continues to serve on the NRC’s Committee on Human Systems Integration and has served on numerous government and industrial advisory committees. Since retiring from MIT, he has served the U.S. government as a senior research fellow for the U.S. DOT Volpe Center and as chief system engineer for human

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26 INTERIM REPORT OF A REVIEW OF NEXTGEN factors for the FAA. He is a fellow of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society and a recipient of their Paul M. Fitts and Arnold Small Awards and the President’s Outstanding Career Award, as well as a former president of the society. He was elected to the NAE in 1995. Dr. Sheridan holds a bachelor’s degree from Purdue University, an M.S. degree from the University of California, Los Angeles, and a Sc.D. degree from MIT. Robert F. Sproull (NAE) recently retired as vice president and director of Oracle Labs, an applied research group that originated at Sun Microsystems. Since his undergraduate days, Dr. Sproull has been building hardware and software for computer graphics, clipping hardware, an early device- independent graphics package, page description languages, laser printing software, and window systems. He has also been involved in very-large-scale integration design, especially of asynchro- nous circuits and systems. Before joining Sun Microsystems in 1990 (acquired by Oracle in 2010), he was a principal with Sutherland, Sproull and Associates, an associate professor at Carnegie Mellon University and a member of Xerox PARC. He is a coauthor with William Newman of the early text Principles of Interactive Computer Graphics. He is also an author of the book Logical Effort, which deals with designing fast complementary metal-oxide–semiconductor circuits. He is a member of the NAE, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and has served on the U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board and as a technology partner of Advanced Technology Ventures. He is currently the chair of the NRC’s Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, a direc- tor of Applied Micro Circuits, Inc., and an adjunct professor of computer science at University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Dr. Sproull received a B.A in physics from Harvard College and an M.S. and Ph.D. in computer science from Stanford University. James W. Sturges is an independent consultant specializing in program management and systems engineering for very large, complex aerospace and defense systems. He retired in 2009 from Lock- heed Martin Corporation where he had been director, engineering processes, and director, mission assurance. Prior to that he was vice president, engineering and total quality, at Loral Air Traffic Control/Lockheed Martin Air Traffic Management, and C3I strategic business area director for Loral Tactical Defense Systems, Arizona. He is an associate fellow and past member of the Standards Executive Council and chair of the Systems Engineering Technical Committee of AIAA and was twice chair of the Corporate Advisory Board for the International Council on Systems Engineering. Early in his career, he was a naval aviator, instrument instructor, and check pilot and was an anti- submarine warfare officer for the U.S. Navy. He has a B.A. from the University of North Carolina and an M.S. and aeronautical engineer degree from the Naval Postgraduate School at Monterey. Elaine Weyuker (NAE) is an ACM fellow, an IEEE fellow, an AT&T fellow, and NAE member. Dr. Weyuker is currently an independent consultant specializing in software testing, reliability, and metrics, and a visiting scholar at the Center for Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science of Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. She is the author of 170 papers in journals and refereed conference proceedings. Prior to moving to the Research Division of AT&T Labs, she was a professor of the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences of New York University, was a faculty member at the City University of New York, a systems’ engineer at IBM, and a programmer at Texaco. She served as chair of the ACM Women’s Council from 2004 to 2012, is a member of the steering committee of the Coalition to Diversify Computing, a member of the Rutgers University Graduate School Advisory Board, and was a member of the board of directors of the Computing Research Association. Dr. Weyuker is or was a member of the editorial boards of IEEE Transactions

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APPENDIX A 27 on Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing, IEEE Spectrum, Empiri- cal Software Engineering, and the Journal of Systems and Software, and she was a founding editor of ACM Transactions of Software Engineering and Methodology. She was the secretary/treasurer of ACM SIGSOFT and was an ACM national lecturer. Dr. Weyuker received a Ph.D. in computer science from Rutgers University, an M.S.E. from the University of Pennsylvania, and a B.A. in mathematics from the State University of New York, Binghamton. Staff Virginia Bacon Talati is a program officer for the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) of the NRC of the National Academies. She formerly served as a program associate with the Frontiers of Engineering program at the NAE. Prior to her work at the Academies, she served as a senior project assistant in Education Technology at the National School Boards Association. Ms. Talati has a B.S. in science, technology, and culture from the Georgia Institute of Technology and an M.P.P. from George Mason University, with a focus in science and technology policy. Dwayne A. Day is a senior program officer for the NRC’s Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, has a Ph.D. in political science from the George Washington University. Dr. Day joined the NRC as a program officer for the Space Studies Board. Before this, he served as an investigator for the Columbia Accident Investigation Board, was on the staff of the Congressional Budget Office, and also worked for the Space Policy Institute at the George Washington University. He has held Guggenheim and Verville fellowships and was an associate editor of the German spaceflight magazine Raumfahrt Concrete, in addition to writing for such publications as Novosti Kosmonavtiki (Russia), Spaceflight, and Space Chronicle (United Kingdom). He has served as study director for several NRC reports, including Defending Planet Earth: Near-Earth-Object Surveys and Hazard Miti- gation Strategies (2010), Preparing for the High Frontier: The Role and Training of NASA Astronauts in the Post-Space Shuttle Era (2011), Continuing Kepler’s Quest: Assessing Air Force Space Command’s Astrodynamics Standards (2012), Recapturing NASA’s Aeronautics Flight Research Capabilities (2012), and NASA’s Strategic Direction and the Need for a National Consensus (2012). Jon Eisenberg is director of CSTB. He has also been study director for a diverse body of work, including a series of studies exploring Internet and broadband policy and networking and commu- nications technologies. In 1995-1997 he was a AAAS Science, Engineering, and Diplomacy Fellow at the U.S. Agency for International Development, where he worked on technology transfer and information and telecommunications policy issues. Dr. Eisenberg received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Washington and B.S. in physics with honors from the University of Mas- sachusetts, Amherst. Lynette I. Millett is associate director of CSTB. Ms. Millett has extensive experience as program manager, team leader, analyst, researcher, and writer with specific expertise in information technol- ogy policy. She is skilled in working with diverse and expert work groups and since 2000 has been developing, directing, and overseeing NRC studies and teams of national experts examining public policy issues related broadly to information technology, computing, software, and communica- tions. Her portfolio at the NRC includes a suite of studies on computing research, the most recent being 2012’s Computing Research for Sustainability; several examinations of government information

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28 INTERIM REPORT OF A REVIEW OF NEXTGEN technology and infrastructure needs, such as 2011’s Strategies and Priorities for Information Technol- ogy at the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services; and in-depth examinations of privacy, identity and cybersecurity, including 2010’s Biometric Recognition: Challenges and Opportunities. She has an M.Sc. in computer science from Cornell University, where her work was supported by graduate fellowships from the National Science Foundation and the Intel Corporation; and a B.A. in math- ematics and computer science with honors from Colby College. Eric Whitaker is a senior program assistant at CSTB. Prior to joining CSTB, he was a realtor with Long and Foster Real Estate, Inc., in the Washington D.C. metropolitan area. Before that, he spent several years with the Public Broadcasting Service in Alexandria, Virginia, as an associate in the Corporate Support Department. He has a B.A. in communication and theater arts from Hampton University