Appendix F


Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

Vijayan N. Nair, Chair, is the Donald A. Darling professor of statistics and professor of industrial and operations engineering at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Previously, he was a research scientist at Bell Laboratories in New Jersey for 15 years. His areas of expertise include quality improvement and system development, particularly in industrial applications. Dr. Nair has done extensive consulting work with the automotive and telecommunications industries. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Statistical Association (ASA), the American Society for Quality (ASQ), and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (IMS). Dr. Nair is currently president of the International Statistical Institute (ISI) and is past-president of the International Society for Business and Industrial Statistics. He served as editor of Technometrics and is currently co-editor-in-chief of the International Statistical Review. He was a member of the National Research Council (NRC) Committee on National Statistics, the NRC Board on Mathematical Sciences and their Applications, and has served on several NRC panels on statistics and testing in defense acquisition. He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from the University of Malaya and a Ph.D. in statistics from the University of California, Berkeley.

Christine M. Anderson-Cook has been a research scientist in the Statistical Sciences Group at Los Alamos National Laboratory since 2004. Her current research areas include design of experiments, response surface methodology, system reliability, and multiple criteria optimization. She was a faculty member in the Department of Statistics at the Virginia Polytechnic and State University from 1996 to 2004. Dr. Anderson-Cook is a fellow of the ASA as well as the ASQ. She has more than 100 peer-reviewed publications in professional statistics and interdisciplinary journals and is currently serving on the editorial boards of Technometrics, the Journal of Quality Technology, Quality and Reliability Engineering International, and Quality Engineering. She has served as the Chair of the ASQ Statistics Division (2010-and the ASA Section on Quality and Productivity (2006). Dr. Anderson-Cook holds a Ph.D. in statistics from the University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, as well as an M.S. in statistics (University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada).

Cameron R. Bass is director of the Injury Biomechanics Laboratory in the Biomedical Engineering Department at Duke University. He is a recognized expert in blast and ballistic injury risk modeling with more than 15 years of experience in biomechanics. This includes substantial experience in developing biomechanical injury models of blast, ballistic, and blunt trauma. Following postdoctoral experience (on an a National Science Foundation fellowship) developing injury biomechanics models for blunt impact at the University of Virginia, Dr. Bass established a military and high-rate biomechanics program at the University of Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, which he ran from 1995 to 2008. Since 2008, he has led efforts in bio-mechanics at Duke University in the Injury Biomechanics Laboratory. One initial focus of the program was cranial, thoracic, and spinal injuries from behind-armor blunt trauma and other biomechanically based injury risk functions. In recent years, Dr. Bass’s program has focused on the assessment of brain and thoracic trauma from primary blast and high-rate blunt trauma. He has developed animal and human cadaver models for assessing blast injuries, including the first large animal model, which demonstrated diffuse injury to axons from short-duration blasts that do not cause fatality from pulmonary trauma. Dr. Bass has more than 80 peer-reviewed publications in biomechanics, including blast and blunt injury biomechanics and tissue biomechanics. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Virginia.

Thomas F. Budinger (NAE/IOM) holds concurrent positions with the University of California, Berkeley (UCB), where he is a professor of the Graduate School, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) where he is



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Appendix F Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Vijayan N. Nair, Chair, is the Donald A. Darling professor of 2011) and the ASA Section on Quality and Productivity statistics and professor of industrial and operations engineer- (2006). Dr. Anderson-Cook holds a Ph.D. in statistics from ing at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Previously, he the University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, as was a research scientist at Bell Laboratories in New Jersey well as an M.S. in statistics (University of Toronto, Toronto, for 15 years. His areas of expertise include quality improve- Ontario, Canada). ment and system development, particularly in industrial applications. Dr. Nair has done extensive consulting work Cameron R. Bass is director of the Injury Biomechanics with the automotive and telecommunications industries. He Laboratory in the Biomedical Engineering Department at is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement Duke University. He is a recognized expert in blast and of Science, the American Statistical Association (ASA), ballistic injury risk modeling with more than 15 years the American Society for Quality (ASQ), and the Institute of experience in biomechanics. This includes substantial of Mathematical Statistics (IMS). Dr. Nair is currently experience in developing biomechanical injury models of president of the International Statistical Institute (ISI) and is blast, ballistic, and blunt trauma. Following postdoctoral past-president of the International Society for Business and experience (on an a National Science Foundation fellowship) Industrial Statistics. He served as editor of Technometrics developing injury biomechanics models for blunt impact at and is currently co-editor-in-chief of the International Sta- the University of Virginia, Dr. Bass established a military tistical Review. He was a member of the National Research and high-rate biomechanics program at the University of Council (NRC) Committee on National Statistics, the NRC Virginia Center for Applied Biomechanics, which he ran Board on Mathematical Sciences and their Applications, from 1995 to 2008. Since 2008, he has led efforts in bio- and has served on several NRC panels on statistics and test- mechanics at Duke University in the Injury Biomechanics ing in defense acquisition. He holds a Bachelor’s degree Laboratory. One initial focus of the program was cranial, in Economics from the University of Malaya and a Ph.D. thoracic, and spinal injuries from behind-armor blunt in statistics from the University of California, Berkeley. trauma and other biomechanically based injury risk func- tions. In recent years, Dr. Bass’s program has focused on the Christine M. Anderson-Cook has been a research scientist assessment of brain and thoracic trauma from primary blast in the Statistical Sciences Group at Los Alamos National and high-rate blunt trauma. He has developed animal and Laboratory since 2004. Her current research areas include human cadaver models for assessing blast injuries, includ- design of experiments, response surface methodology, ing the first large animal model, which demonstrated diffuse system reliability, and multiple criteria optimization. She injury to axons from short-duration blasts that do not cause was a faculty member in the Department of Statistics at fatality from pulmonary trauma. Dr. Bass has more than the Virginia Polytechnic and State University from 1996 to 80 peer-reviewed publications in biomechanics, including 2004. Dr. Anderson-Cook is a fellow of the ASA as well as blast and blunt injury biomechanics and tissue biomechan- the ASQ. She has more than 100 peer-reviewed publications ics. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Virginia. in professional statistics and interdisciplinary journals and is currently serving on the editorial boards of Technometrics, Thomas F. Budinger (NAE/IOM) holds concurrent posi- the Journal of Quality Technology, Quality and Reliability tions with the University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Engineering International, and Quality Engineering. She has where he is a professor of the Graduate School, and Law- served as the Chair of the ASQ Statistics Division (2010- rence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) where he is 138

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APPENDIX F 139 senior scientist. He is professor emeritus at University of versity, and a bachelor’s degree from the U.S. Naval Acad- California, San Francisco, where he was a professor of radi- emy. Upon graduation from the Naval Academy, he served ology from 1984 to 2008 and previously served as director of as a surface warfare officer in the U.S. Navy.  Dr. Fricker is the Magnetic Resonance Science Center and Research PET a fellow of the ASA and an elected member of the Interna- [Positron Emission Tomography] (1993-1997). At UCB, he tional Statistical Institute. He has published widely in pro- has been a professor of bioinstrumentation, electrical engi- fessional journals and is on the editorial boards of Statistics, neering, and computer sciences since 1976 and is the found- Politics and Policy, and the International Journal of Quality ing chair of the Department of Bioengineering. Dr. Budinger Technology and Engineering. He has served as the chair of was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1996 the section on Statistics in Defense and National Security and to the Institute of Medicine in 1990. He has authored (SDNS) of the ASA and, prior to the creation of SDNS, he numerous papers on biomedical electronics, aging, cardio- was a member of the Committee on Statisticians in Defense vascular physiology, bioastronautics, image processing and and National Security, serving as both chair and vice chair.  reconstruction, nuclear magnetic resonance, positron emis- sion tomography, reconstruction tomography, and inverse Peter N. Fuller (Major General, U.S. Army retired) is the problem mathematics. Dr. Budinger received a B.S. in president and chief operating officer at Cypress Interna- chemistry from Regis College, an M.S. degree in physical tional, a business development and acquisition management oceanography from the University of Washington, Seattle, an consulting firm operating for over 36 years. Previously, he M.D. in medicine from the University of Colorado, Denver, was the deputy commander for programs, NATO Training and a Ph.D. in medical physics from UCB. He served in the Mission—Afghanistan, and was responsible for planning Arctic and Antarctica as a U.S. Coast Guard officer. and executing resources in order to generate and sustain the Afghan security forces. He integrated and synchronized all Michael J. Cushing recently retired as director of the U.S. processes to include requirements generation, acquisition, Army Evaluation Center’s Reliability and Maintainability funding, construction, logistics, and contract management Directorate.  In this position he directed the evaluation of 550 for a yearly program valued at over $10 billion dollars com- active Army and Department of Defense (DoD) systems with prised of infrastructure, equipment, training, and sustainment respect to their reliability and maintainability characteristics.  efforts. He also coordinated with external organizations such Dr. Cushing earned a B.S. degree in electronic engineering as the Defense Contract Management Agency, Corps of and computer science from Johns Hopkins University and Engineers, Joint Task Force-435, NATO International Secu- M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in reliability engineering from the rity Assistance Force, ISAF Joint Command, Combined Air University of Maryland, College Park. During 30 years in Power Transition Force, Office of the Secretary of Defense, military reliability, he authored numerous publications, and the Joint Staff. Prior to his assignment in Afghanistan, helped formulate and implement a variety of Army and he was Program Executive Officer—Soldier. In his capacity DoD reliability policies, and contributed towards several as PEO Soldier, General Fuller was responsible for ensuring reliability standards. all Soldiers were lethal, survivable and able to operate in any environment. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in Robert G. Easterling is retired from Sandia National Labo- 1980 after graduating from the University of Vermont with a ratories where he was a statistical consultant, manager, and B.A. in history and political science. He also holds an M.S. in senior scientist.  He spent the majority of his career investi- public administration from Shippensburg University, an M.S. gating and promoting the application of statistical methods in military arts and sciences from the U.S. Army Command to various engineering issues, with emphasis on statistical and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and methods for reliability evaluation.  He is a fellow of the an M.S. in resourcing of the national security strategy from ASA, a former editor of Technometrics, and a recipient of the the Industrial College of the Armed Forces, Fort McNair, ASQ’s Brumbaugh Award. Since retirement from Sandia, he Washington, D.C. General Fuller’s assignments include has been an itinerant visiting professor at various universi- assistant director for acquisition (PATRIOT), Ballistic Mis- ties and has taught an introductory statistics short course at sile Defense Organization, Washington, D.C.; systems coor- Sandia. He holds a Ph.D. in statistics from Oklahoma State dinator, U.S. Army Staff for Anti-Armor Missiles; project University. manager, Stryker Brigade Combat Team; deputy command- ing general of the U.S. Army Research, Development and Ronald D. Fricker, Jr., is a professor at the Naval Postgradu- Engineering Command, Fort Belvoir, Virginia; and Program ate School. His current research is focused on the perfor- Executive Officer—Soldier, Fort Belvoir, Virginia. mance of various statistical methods for use in biosurveil- lance, particularly epidemiologic surveillance, and statistical Raúl Radovitzky is the associate director, Institute for Sol- process control methodologies more generally. Dr. Fricker dier Nanotechnologies, and a professor of aeronautics and holds a Ph.D. and an M.A. in statistics from Yale University, astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). an M.S. in operations research from George Washington Uni- Dr. Radovitzky was born in Argentina and educated at the

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140 REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TEST PROTOCOLS FOR COMBAT HELMETS University of Buenos Aires, where he obtained his civil Ernest Seglie is retired from the position of science advi- engineering degree. He received his S.M. in applied math- sor of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Operational ematics from Brown University and his Ph.D. in aeronautical Test and Evaluation. His responsibilities included providing engineering from the California Institute of Technology. He scientific and technical guidance on the overall approach to joined MIT’s Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics DoD evaluation of the operational effectiveness and suit- in 2001 as the Charles Stark Draper Assistant Professor. ability of major DoD weapons systems. He received a B.S. Dr. Radovitzky’s research interests are in the development in physics from Cooper Union and a Ph.D. in theoretical of advanced concepts and material systems for blast, bal- nuclear physics from University of Massachusetts. He taught listic, and impact protection. To this end, his research group at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and Yale University develops theoretical and computational descriptions of the before joining the Institute for Defense Analyses in 1979. physical event and its effects on structures and humans, He received the Andrew J. Goodpaster Award for Excellence including advanced computational methods and algorithms in Research in 1987, the International Test and Evaluation for large-scale simulation. The resulting models help to Association 2009 Allen R. Matthews Award for “leadership improve the understanding of the various physical compo- and technical contributions to the evaluation of operational nents of the problem and thus to design protective systems. effectiveness and suitability,” and the National Defense Dr. Radovitzky’s educational interests include computational Industrial Association Walter W. Hollis Award in 2009. In mechanics, continuum mechanics, aerospace structures, addition, he received the President of the United States’ Rank mechanics of materials, numerical methods, and high- Conferral of Meritorious Senior Professional in 2003 and the performance computing. He is a member of the American Secretary of Defense Medal for Meritorious Civilian Service Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, International Asso- in 2010, which included mention that he “led the drive to ciation of Computational Mechanics, American Academy apply statistical methods to test design and evaluation.” of Mechanics, Materials Research Society, U.S. Association Recent areas of interest include test and evaluation policy in of Computational Mechanics, and American Society of DoD, and reliability. Mechanical Engineers.