8

Selected Bibliography

The following bibliography is a condensed version of more than 1,400 reference items in the panel's project files. This version omits references to news articles, book reviews, draft papers, and early government reports that have been replaced by revised policies.

Abelson, J., R. C. Atkinson, R. L. Davidson, R. Dulbecco, M. E. Friedkin, G. E. Palade, J. E. Seegmiller, M. I. Simon, and D. Steinberg. 1990. “PNAS paper: rules and standard practice.” Science 249(September 21):1358.

Abelson, P. 1990. “Mechanisms for evaluating scientific information and the role of peer review.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science 41(3):216-22.

Agricultural Research Service (ARS). 1990. Procedures for Reporting and Dealing with Possible Misconduct in Science. Draft report. ARS, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Md.

Allison, P. D. and J. S. Long. 1987. “Interuniversity mobility of academic scientists.” American Sociological Review 52(October):643-52.

Altman, L. and L. Melcher. 1983. “Fraud in science.” British Medical Journal 286(June 25):2003-06.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). 1990. AAAS Resolution on Federal Legislation Providing Immunity for Investigations and Reporting of Scientific Fraud and Misconduct, approved by the Board of Directors, April 27. AAAS, Washington, D.C.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). 1991a. AAAS Report XVI: Research and Development FY1992. AAAS, Washington, D.C.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). 1991b. “Misconduct in science: Recurring issues, fresh perspectives.” Executive summary of conference, November 15-16, Washington, D.C.



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RESPONSIBLE SCIENCE: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process 8 Selected Bibliography The following bibliography is a condensed version of more than 1,400 reference items in the panel's project files. This version omits references to news articles, book reviews, draft papers, and early government reports that have been replaced by revised policies. Abelson, J., R. C. Atkinson, R. L. Davidson, R. Dulbecco, M. E. Friedkin, G. E. Palade, J. E. Seegmiller, M. I. Simon, and D. Steinberg. 1990. “PNAS paper: rules and standard practice.” Science 249(September 21):1358. Abelson, P. 1990. “Mechanisms for evaluating scientific information and the role of peer review.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science 41(3):216-22. Agricultural Research Service (ARS). 1990. Procedures for Reporting and Dealing with Possible Misconduct in Science. Draft report. ARS, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Md. Allison, P. D. and J. S. Long. 1987. “Interuniversity mobility of academic scientists.” American Sociological Review 52(October):643-52. Altman, L. and L. Melcher. 1983. “Fraud in science.” British Medical Journal 286(June 25):2003-06. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). 1990. AAAS Resolution on Federal Legislation Providing Immunity for Investigations and Reporting of Scientific Fraud and Misconduct, approved by the Board of Directors, April 27. AAAS, Washington, D.C. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). 1991a. AAAS Report XVI: Research and Development FY1992. AAAS, Washington, D.C. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). 1991b. “Misconduct in science: Recurring issues, fresh perspectives.” Executive summary of conference, November 15-16, Washington, D.C.

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RESPONSIBLE SCIENCE: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process American Association for the Advancement of Science-American Bar Association (AAAS-ABA) National Conference of Lawyers and Scientists. 1989. Project on Scientific Fraud and Misconduct. Reports on workshops one (September 18-20, 1987), two (September 23-25, 1988), and three (February 17-18, 1989). Three volumes. AAAS, Washington, D.C. American Association of University Professors (AAUP). 1989. “Statement on plagiarism.” Academe (September/October):47-48. American Bar Association (ABA). n.d. A Survey on the Teaching of Professional Responsibility. Center for Professional Responsibility, ABA, Chicago, Ill. American Chemical Society (ACS). 1986. “Ethical guidelines to publication of chemical research.” Pp. 217-22 in The ACS Style Guide, Dodd, J. S. (ed.). ACS, Washington, D.C. American Chemical Society (ACS). 1989. ACS Academic Professional Guidelines. ACS, Washington, D.C. American Federation for Clinical Research (AFCR). 1989. “AFCR guidelines for the responsible conduct of research.” Clinical Research 37(September):510-11. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 1988. Society Policy: Ethics. P-15.7. ASME, New York. American Sociological Association (ASA). 1989. Code of Ethics. ASA, Washington, D.C. American Statistical Association (ASA), Ad Hoc Committee on Professional Ethics. 1983. “Ethical Guidelines for Statistical Practice.” The American Statistician 37(February):5-6. [With comments.] American Statistical Association (ASA). 1989. Ethical Guidelines for Statistical Practice, Committee on Professional Ethics. ASA, Washington, D.C. Amundson, N. R. 1987. “American university graduate work.” Chemical Engineering Education 21(4):160-63. Andersen, Robert. 1988. “The federal government's role in regulating misconduct in scientific and technological research. ” Journal of Law and Technology 3:121-148. Angell, M. 1983. “Editors and fraud.” CBE Views 6(2):3-8. Angell, M. 1986. “Publish or perish: a proposal.” Annals of Internal Medicine 104(2):261-62. Angell, M. and A. S. Relman. 1988. “Fraud in biomedical research: a time for congressional restraint. ” New England Journal of Medicine 318(June 2):1462-63. Annals of Internal Medicine. 1982. “Authorship from the reader's side.” Annals of Internal Medicine 97(October):613-14. Appelbaum, P. S., L. H. Roth, C. W. Lidz, P. Benson, and W. Winslade. 1987. “False hopes and best data: consent to research and the therapeutic misconception.” Hastings Center Report (April):20-24. Arkin, H. R. 1985a. “Academic dismissals: due process, part 1.” Journal of the American Medical Association 254(November 1):2463-66. Arkin, H. R. 1985b. “Academic dismissals: due process, part 2.” Journal of the American Medical Association 254(November 8):2653-56. Association of Academic Health Centers (AAHC). 1990. Conflicts of Interest in Academic Health Centers, AAHC Task Force on Science Policy. Policy paper 1. AAHC, Washington, D.C. Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). 1982. The Maintenance of High Ethical Standards in Conduct of Research, Ad Hoc Committee on the Maintenance of High Ethical Standards in the Conduct of Research. AAMC, Washington, D.C. Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). 1990. Guidelines for Dealing with Faculty Conflicts of Commitment and Conflicts of Interest in Research . AAMC, Washington, D.C.

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RESPONSIBLE SCIENCE: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process Association of American Universities (AAU). 1983. Report of the Association of American Universities Committee on the Integrity of Research, Association of American Universities, American Council on Education, and National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges. AAU, Washington, D.C. Association of American Universities (AAU). 1988. Indirect Costs Associated with Federal Support of Research on University Campuses: Some Suggestions for Change, AAU Ad Hoc Committee on Indirect Costs. AAU, Washington, D.C. Babbage, C. 1989. “The decline of science in England.” Nature 340(August 17):499-502. Bailar, J. C., III. 1985. “When research results are in conflict.” New England Journal Medicine 313(October 24):1080-81. Bailar, J. C., III. 1986. “Science, statistics, and deception.” Annals of Internal Medicine 104(February):259-60. Bailar, J. C., III and K. Patterson. 1985. “Journal peer review: the need for a research agenda.” New England Journal of Medicine 312(March 7):654-57. Bailar, J. C., III, M. Angell, S. Boots, E. S. Myers, N. Palmer, M. Shipley, and P. Woolf (eds.). 1990. Ethics and Policy in Scientific Publication. Council of Biology Editors, Bethesda, Md. Baird, L. L. “The melancholy of anatomy: the personal and professional development of graduate and professional school students.” Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research. Agathon Press, New York, in press. Baltimore, D. 1989. “Baltimore's travels.” Issues in Science and Technology 5(Summer):48-54. Barber, A. A. 1989. “Misconduct in science: an administrator's view.” Council of Graduate Schools meeting, Banff, Alberta, March 5. Barber, B. 1978. “Control and responsibility in the powerful professions.” Political Science Quarterly 93(4):599-615. Barber, B. and W. Hirsch (eds.). 1962. The Sociology of Science. The Free Press of Glencoe, New York. Barzun, J. 1978. “The professions under seige: private practice versus public need. ” Harper's (October):61-67. Batshaw, M. L., L. P. Plotnick, B. G. Petty, P. K. Woolf, and E. D. Mellits. 1988. “Academic promotion at a medical school.” New England Journal of Medicine 318(March 24):741-46. Bayles, M. D. 1981. Professional Ethics. Wadsworth, Belmont, Calif. Beaty, H. N., D. Babbott, E. J. Higgins, P. Jolly, and G. S. Levey. 1986. “Research activities of faculty in academic departments of medicine. ” Annals of Internal Medicine 104(January):90-97. Bechtel, H. K., Jr. and W. Pearson, Jr. 1985. “Deviant scientists and scientific deviance.” Deviant Behavior 6:237-252. Berardo, F. M. 1989. “Scientific norms and research publication issues and professional ethics.” Sociological Inquiry 59(3):249-66. Bernstein, F. C., T. F. Koetzle, J. B. Williams, E. F. Meyer, Jr., M. D. Brice, J. R. Rodgers, O. Kennard, T. Shimanouchi, and M. Tasumi. 1977. “The protein data bank.” European Journal of Biochemistry 80:319-24. Beveridge, W. I. B. 1957. The Art of Scientific Investigation. Third edition. Vintage Books, New York. Biven, L. W. 1989. “Scientific integrity programs of the Public Health Service.” Assistance Management Journal 5(Fall):21-28. Blair, C. and W. Schaffer. 1991. “Promotion of the responsible conduct of research.” NIH Peer Review Notes (June):4-6.

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RESPONSIBLE SCIENCE: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process Blisset, M. 1972. Politics in Science. Basic Studies in Politics. Little, Brown and Company, Boston. Bloch, E. 1989. “Changes in NSF proposal format.” IMS Bulletin 18(6):577. Bloch, E. 1991. “Academic research funding: is there a crisis? Optimists, pessimists and realists.” AAAS Colloquium on Science and Technology Policy, Washington, D.C., April 11. Bloom, F. 1989. “Who should police scientific misconduct? Most misconduct is already resolved within the system.” Journal of NIH Research 1(May/June):14. Bok, D. 1988. “Ethics, the university, and society.” Harvard Magazine (May/June):39-50. Bok, D. 1990. Universities and the Future of America. Duke University Press, Durham, N.C. Bosk, C. L. 1979. Forgive and Remember: Managing Medical Failure. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Bowen, W. G. and Sosa, J. A. 1989. Prospects for Faculty in the Arts and Sciences: A Study of Factors Affecting Demand and Supply, 1987 to 2012. Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J. Bowen, W. G., G. Lord, and J. A. Sosa. 1991. “Measuring time to doctorate: reinterpretation of the evidence.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 88(February 1):713-17. Boyer, E. L. 1990. The Condition of the Professoriate: Attitudes and Trends, 1989, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J. Bradshaw, R. A., A. J. Adler, F. Chytil, N. D. Goldberg, and B. J. Litman. 1990. “Bridges committee procedures.” Science 250(November 2):611. Braunwald, E. 1987. “On analysing scientific fraud.” Nature 325(January 15):215-16. Braxton, J. M. 1992. “The influence of graduate department quality on the sanctioning of scientific misconduct.” Journal of Higher Education , forthcoming. Brett, J. M., S. B. Goldberg, and W. L. Ury. 1990. “Designing systems for resolving disputes in organizations.” American Psychologist 45(February):162-70. Bridgstock, M. 1982. “A sociological approach to fraud in science.” Australia-New Zealand Journal of Science 18(3):364-83. Brigham and Women's Hospital. 1989. Policies on Hospital-Industry Relationships. Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston. Broad, W. J. 1981. “Fraud and the structure of science.” Science 212(April. 10):137-41. Broad, W. and Wade, N. 1982. Betrayers of the Truth: Fraud and Deceit in the Halls of Science. Simon and Schuster, New York. Brooks, H. 1989. “Lessons of history: Successive challenges to science policy.” In The Research System in Transition, Cozzens, S. E., P. Healey, A. Rip, and J. Ziman, (eds.). NATO Advanced Studies Institute Series, Series D, Volume 57. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston. Browning, G. 1991. “Testing the hypothesis.” National Journal (May 4):1078. Bulger, R. E. 1988. “The need for an ethical code for teachers of the basic biomedical sciences.” Journal of Medical Education 63(February):131-33. Burks, C. and L. Tomlinson. 1989. “Submission of data to GenBank.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 86(January):408. Burman, K. D. 1982. “‘Hanging from the masthead': reflections on authorship.” Annals of Internal Medicine 97(4):602-05. Burton, R. V. 1981. “Landmarks in the literature: Can ethics be taught?” New York University Education Quarterly 12(3):29-32.

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RESPONSIBLE SCIENCE: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process Busch, J. W. 1985. “Mentoring in graduate schools of education: mentors' perceptions.” American Educational Research Journal 22(2):257-65. Bush, V. 1945. Science, the Endless Frontier: A Report to the President. Office of Scientific Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. Calabrese, R. L. and J. T. Cochran. 1990. “The relationship of alienation to cheating among a sample of American adolescents.” Journal of Research and Development in Education 23(Winter):65-72. Calkins, E. V., L. M. Arnold, and T. L. Willoughby. 1987. “Perceptions of the role of a faculty supervisor or ‘mentor' at two medical schools.” Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education 12(3):202-08. Calkins, E. V., L. M. Arnold, T. L. Willoughby, and S. C. Hamburger. 1986. “Docents' and students' perceptions of the ideal and actual role of the docent.” Journal of Medical Education 61(September) :743-48. Callahan, D. and S. Bok. 1980. Ethics Teaching in Higher Education. Plenum Press, New York. Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government. 1991. Science and Technology and the President. Carnegie Commission, New York. Casper, G. 1990. “University policy documents.” The University of Chicago Chronicle (October 25):2. Cassidy, M. M. and A. E. Shamoo. 1989. “First international conference on scientific data audit, policies and quality assurance.” Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance 1(1):1-3. Ceci, S. J. 1988. “Scientists' attitudes toward data sharing.” Science, Technology, and Human Values 13(1/2):45-52. Ceci, S. J. and E. Walker. 1983. “Private archives and public needs.” American Psychologist 38(4):414-23. Cesa, I. L. and S. C. Fraser. 1989. “A method for encouraging the development of good mentor-protege relationships. ” Teaching of Psychology 16(3):125-28. Chalk, R. 1978. “Scientific society involvement in whistleblowing.” Science, Technology, and Human Values (January):47-51. Chalk, R. and P. Woolf. 1989. “Regulating a ‘knowledge business'.” Issues in Science and Technology 5(Winter):33-35. Chalk, R., M. Frankel, and S. Chafer. 1981. Professional Ethics Activities in Science and Engineering Societies. American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C. Charrow, R. 1989. “Who should police scientific misconduct? Each new scandal increases the chance for federal regulation.” Journal of NIH Research 1(May/June):15. Charrow, R. P. 1990. “Scientific misconduct revisited: OSI on trial.” Journal of NIH Research 2(October):83-85. Charrow, R. P. 1991. “Message to NIH's Office of Scientific Integrity: here comes the judge.” Journal of NIH Research 3(February):97-99. Chubin, D. E. 1985. “Misconduct in research: an issue of science policy and practice.” Minerva 23(Summer):175-202. Chubin, D. E. 1988. “Allocating credit and blame in science.” Science, Technology, and Human Values 13(1/2):53-63. Chubin, D. E. 1990. “Scientific malpractice and the contemporary politics of knowledge. ” Pp. 144-63 in Theories of Science in Society, Cozzens, S. E. and T. F. Gieryn (eds.). Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Ind.

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RESPONSIBLE SCIENCE: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process Chubin, D. E. and E. J. Hackett. 1990. Peerless Science: Peer Review and U.S. Science Policy. SUNY Series in Science, Technology, and Society. SUNY Press, Albany, N.Y. Cinkosky, M. J., J. W. Fickett, P. Gilna, and C. Burks. 1991. “Electronic data publishing and GenBank.” Science 252(May 31):1273-77. Cohen, D. L., L. B. McCullough, R. W. I. Kessel, A. Apostolides, K. Heiderich, and E.R. Alden. 1988. “A national survey concerning the ethical aspects of informed consent and role of medical students.” Journal of Medical Education 63(November):821-29. Cole, J. F. and J. A. Lipton. 1977. “The reputations of American medical schools.” Social Forces 55:662-84. Cole, S., L. Rubin, and J. R. Cole. 1977. “Peer review and the support of science.” Scientific American 237(4):34-41. Cordes, C. 1990. “U.S. enters lawsuit accusing scientist, institutions of fraud.” Chronicle of Higher Education (September 5):A1. Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE). 1988. Special Advisory for College and University Presidents, National Task Force on Higher Education and the Public Interest. CASE, Washington, D.C. Council of Graduate Schools (CGS). 1990a. Research Student and Supervisor: An Approach to Good Supervisory Practice. CGS, Washington, D.C. Council of Graduate Schools (CGS). 1990b. Summary of Oral and Written Reports Presented at the Meeting on the Role and Nature of the Doctoral Dissertation, January 26. CGS, Washington, D.C. Council of Graduate Schools (CGS). 1990c. The Doctor of Philosophy Degree: A Policy Statement, Task Force on the Doctor of Philosophy Degree. CGS, Washington, D.C. Council of Graduate Schools (CGS). 1991. The Role and Nature of the Doctoral Dissertation: A Policy Statement . CGS, Washington, D.C. Cournand, A. 1977. “The code of the scientist and its relationship to ethics.” Science 198(November 18):699-705. Cournand, A. and M. Meyer. 1976. “The scientist's code.” Minerva (Spring):79-96. Cozzens, S. E. 1989. Social Control and Multiple Discovery in Science: The Opiate Receptor Case. SUNY Press, Albany, New York. Cozzens, S. E., P. Healey, A. Rip, and J. Ziman (eds.). 1990. The Research System in Transition. NATO Advanced Studies Institute Series, Series D, Volume 57. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston. Cram, D. 1989. “Commentary: Tribe and leader.” CGS Communicator 22(April):1. Crawford, S. and L. Stucki. 1990. “Peer review and the changing research record.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science 41(April):223-28. Cronan-Hillix, T., L. K. Gensheimer, W. A. Cronan-Hillix, and W. S. Davidson. 1986. “Students' views of mentors in psychology graduate training.” Teaching of Psychology 13(3):123-27. Crutcher, K. A. 1991. “How to succeed in science.” Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 34(Winter):213-18. Culliton, B. J. 1990. “NIH misconduct probes draw legal complaints.” Science 249(July 20):240-43. Culver, C. M., K. D. Clouser, B. Gert, H. Brody, J. Fletcher, A. Jonsen, L. Kopelman, J. Lynn, M. Siegler, and D. Wikler. 1985. “Special report: basic curricular goals in medical ethics.” New England Journal of Medicine 312(January 24):253-56.

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