References and Bibliography

Adams, D. 1989 Priority Issues: Improving Foreign Trade Statistics—Quality Issues. Paper prepared for the Panel on Foreign Trade Statistics, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.

Alterman, W. 1990 U.S. import and export price indexes—second quarter 1990. Bureau of Labor Statistics News (July):1-28.

1992 Price trends in U.S. trade: new data, new insights. In P. Hooper and J.D. Richardson, eds., International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Alwan, L.C., and H.V. Roberts 1988 Time series modelling for statistical process control. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics (6):87-96.

Arndt, H. 1984 Measuring trade in financial services. Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review 149(June):197-213.

Ascher, B., and O. Whichard 1992 Developing a data system for international sales of services: progress, problems, and prospects. In P. Hooper and J.D. Richardson, eds., International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Auerbach, S. 1987 Trade deficit report rocks stocks, bonds. The Washington Post (October 15):A1.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy References and Bibliography Adams, D. 1989 Priority Issues: Improving Foreign Trade Statistics—Quality Issues. Paper prepared for the Panel on Foreign Trade Statistics, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. Alterman, W. 1990 U.S. import and export price indexes—second quarter 1990. Bureau of Labor Statistics News (July):1-28. 1992 Price trends in U.S. trade: new data, new insights. In P. Hooper and J.D. Richardson, eds., International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Alwan, L.C., and H.V. Roberts 1988 Time series modelling for statistical process control. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics (6):87-96. Arndt, H. 1984 Measuring trade in financial services. Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review 149(June):197-213. Ascher, B., and O. Whichard 1992 Developing a data system for international sales of services: progress, problems, and prospects. In P. Hooper and J.D. Richardson, eds., International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Auerbach, S. 1987 Trade deficit report rocks stocks, bonds. The Washington Post (October 15):A1.

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy Bailey, V., and S. Bowden 1985 Understanding United States Foreign Trade Data. International Trade Administration. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Bailey, V., and J. Tucker 1989 Harmonized Trade Data Time Series. SITC Rev.3 3-Digit Commodities 1986—First Half 1989. International Trade Administration. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Bank for International Settlements 1991 International Banking and Financial Market Developments. Basle: Bank for International Settlements. Bezirganian, S.D. 1991 Affiliates of foreign companies: operations in 1989. Survey of Current Business 71(7):72-93. Boskin, M. 1990 Testimony before the Joint Economic Committee, U.S. Congress. (March) Council of Economic Advisers, Washington, D.C. 1991 Testimony before the Subcommittee on Government Information and Regulation, Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs. (May) Council of Economic Advisers, Washington, D.C. Bowerman, B.L., and R.T. O'Connell 1987 Time Series Forecasting, 2nd ed. Boston: Duxbury Press. Box, G.E.P., and G.M. Jenkins 1976 Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control, rev. edition. San Francisco: Holden-Day. Bureau of the Census 1974 Standards for Discussion and Presentation of Error in Data. Technical Paper 32. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1980 U.S. Foreign Trade Statistics: Classifications and Cross-Classifications, Section 1. Schedule B Export Classifications Correlated with Schedule E, Agricultural, Nonagricultural, End-Use, and SIC-Based Product Codes. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1983 Unpublished report of an intra-agency committee established by the Associate Director for Economic Fields to review confidentiality issues in the foreign trade statistics program. 1986a Automated Reporting Program for Exporting Companies. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1986b U.S. Commodity Exports and Imports as Related to Output: 1982 and 1981. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1987 Highlights of U.S. Export and Import Trade. FT990 April 1987. August. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1988a Form 7525-V-ALT-(Intermodal): Shipper's Export Declaration. Primarily for vessel shipments. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce.

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy 1988b 1986 Annual Survey of Manufactures. Geographic Area Statistics. M86(AS)-3. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1988c 1986 Annual Survey of Manufactures: Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries. (Including Capital Expenditures, Inventories, and Supplemental Labor, Fuel, and Electric Energy Costs). M86(AS)-1. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1988d 1986 Annual Survey of Manufactures. Value of Product Shipments. M86(AS)-2. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1989a Analytical Report Series: Manufacturing. Exports from Manufacturing Establishments: 1985 and 1986. AR86-1. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1989b 1987 Census of Manufactures and Census of Mineral Industries. Numerical List of Manufactured and Mineral Products. Reference Series, MC87-R-1. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1989c 1987 Census of Manufactures: Preliminary Report Industry Series. Miscellaneous Fabricated Metal Products, Industries 3491, 3492, 3493, 3494, 3495, 3496, 3497, 3498, and 3499. MC87-134F(P). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1989d 1987 Industry and Product Classification Manual (1987 SICBasis). EC87-R-3. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1989e “Paperless” Foreign Trade Statistics, FY 1991 Budget Initiative. (May) Foreign Trade Division, Bureau of the Census. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. 1990a Adjustment of U.S. Merchandise Trade Data for Seasonality and Price Change. (March) Foreign Trade Division, Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. 1990b Foreign Trade Statistics. CFF No. 14. (March) Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Bureau of Economic Analysis 1990a U.S. Direct Investment Abroad: Operations of U.S. Parent Companies and Their Foreign Affiliates, Revised 1987 Estimates. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1990b Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: 1987 Benchmark Survey, Final Results. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1990c The Balance of Payments of the United States—Concepts, Data Sources and Estimating Procedures . Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1991a Revaluation of the U.S. Net International Investment Position. BEA 91-25. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. 1991b Summary of U.S. International Transactions. BEA 91-26. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy Bureau of Labor Statistics 1988 LABSTAT Users Guide. NIH/BOEING Version, Including LABSTAT Browse. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor. Carson, C., and J. Honsa 1990 The United Nations system of national accounts: an introduction. Survey of Current Business June 70(6):20-30. Cole, R. 1990 Revising the federal statistical system: a view from industry. American Economic Association Papers and Proceedings 80(2):333-336. Committee on Engineering as an International Enterprise 1990 National Interests in an Age of Global Technology. A report of the National Academy of Engineering, Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Committee on National Statistics 1976 Setting Statistical Priorities: Report of the Panel on Methodology for Statistical Priorities of the Committee on National Statistics Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 1986 Statistics About Service Industries: Report of a Conference. Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Committee on Very Large Databases 1990 Very Large Databases: Major Issues-Managing Growth for Maximum Use . Numerical Data Advisory Board, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. Cooper, R.N. 1968 The Economics of Interdependence. New York: Council on Foreign Relations and McGraw-Hill Book Company. 1986 Economic Policy in an Interdependent World: Essays in World Economics . Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. 1988 Survey of issues and review. Pp. 247-262 in L. Castle and C. Findlay, eds., Pacific Trade in Services. Boston: Allen & Unwin. Corrigan, G. E. 1990 Reforming the U.S. financial system: an international perspective . Quarterly Review (Federal Reserve Bank of New York) 15(Spring):1-14. Council of Economic Advisers 1990 Economic Report of the President. Annual Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1991 Economic Report of the President. Annual Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy Cremeans, J. 1989 Progress Report on the National Trade Data Bank (NTDB). December. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Customs Service 1985 U.S. Customs Service Automated Broker Interface. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Treasury. 1986 Harmonized System Handbook: A Guide to the New U.S. Tariffs. HB 3600-06. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Treasury. 1987 ACS Overview. Office of Automated Commercial System Operations. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Treasury. 1988 ABI Information Package. Office of Automated Commercial System Operations. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Treasury. 1989a Census Interface—Processing Procedures. Customs Directive 3560-01. U.S. Department of the Treasury, Washington, D.C. 1989b Export Commodity System, FY 1991. U.S. Department of the Treasury, Washington, D.C. Customs Service and Bureau of the Census 1988 Memorandum of Understanding—Continued Cooperation, Automated Broker/Census Interface. Washington, D.C.: U.S Department of the Treasury and U.S. Department of Commerce. Deardorff, A., and R. Stern 1990 Computational Analysis of Global Trading Arrangements. Department of Economics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Devlin, D. 1988 The balance of payments. Pp. 3-22, Section 3, in I. Walter and T. Murray, eds., Handbook of International Business. New York: John Wiley & Sons. Dickerson, D. 1989 Impact of Raising the Export Exemption Level from $1,500 to $2,000 and $2,500. Internal memorandum to B. Walter, through K. Puzzilla, June 5. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. DiLullo, A. 1980 Service transactions in the U.S. international accounts, 1970-1980 Survey of Current Business 61(November):29-46. DiLullo, A., and O. Whichard 1990 U.S. international sales and purchases of services. Survey of Current Business September 70(9):37-72. Du Bois, M. 1989 EC ministers agree to end border checks. The Wall Street Journal (October 10):A16. The Economist 1988 In a maze of numbers. The Economist (August 20):61-62.

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy Energy Information Administration 1989 Quarterly Coal Report: April-June 1989. Publication DOE/EIA-012 (89/2Q). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy. Farrell, M. 1989 Creating the Exporter Data Base (EDB)—Rev. 1. October. Memorandum to Don Adams, Chief, Foreign Trade Division. Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. Farrell, M., and A. Radspieler 1988 Origin of Merchandise Exports Data. Foreign Trade Division, Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. 1989 Census Bureau State-By-State Foreign Trade Data: Historical Perspectives; Current Situation; Future Outlook. Paper presented to the National Governors' Association, Committee on International Trade and Foreign Relations (May) Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. Farrell, M., and M. Risha 1989 More than 100,000 exporters ship U.S. manufactured goods, Census Bureau reports. U.S. Department of Commerce News. Bureau of the Census. CB89-92. (June) Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Federal Reserve Bulletin 1990 The Federal Reserve in the payments system. Federal Reserve Bulletin (May):293-298. Feketekuty, G. 1988 International Trade in Services. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute. Fouch, G., and S. Bezirganian 1990 Growth in foreign direct investment in the United States outpaced that of U.S. direct investment abroad in 1989. U.S. Department of Commerce News. Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. BEA 90-30. (July) Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Fuerbringer, J. 1989 For collectors of U.S. data, a close call last month. The New York Times (November 3):C1. 1990 A rusty statistical compass for U.S. policy mappers. Chance 3(1):36-39. Fusfeld, H. 1989 Proceedings of an International Conference on Changing Global Patterns of Industrial Research and Development. Sponsored by the Center for Science and Technology Policy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute School of Management, and Trygghetsradet SAF-PTK, Swedish Employment Security Council. Gardner, B., and J. Ashcroft 1988 Letter to Mr. James C. Miller, Director, Office of Management

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy and Budget State-by-State Data on Exports and Imports. Washington, D.C.: National Governors' Association. Gbur, E. 1986 Memorandum: Feasibility of Sampling SED's under $2,500. Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. 1987 Effect of Increasing the Reporting Exemption Level for Exports. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. Gibbs, M. 1985 Continuing the international debate on services. Journal of World Trade Law 19(May-June):199-218. Gonenc, R. 1988 Changing economics of international trade in services. Pp. 167-186 in B.R. Guile and J.B. Quinn, eds., Technology in Services, Policies for Growth, Trade, and Employment . National Academy of Engineering. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Gonzalez, M., J. Ogus, G. Shapiro, and B. Tepping 1975 Standards for discussion and presentation of errors in survey and census data. Journal of the American Statistical Association 70(351):1-23. Greenwell, J. 1988 Census computer applications: can frequent exporters afford not to participate in the Automated Export Reporting Program? The Exporter (July):1-3. Hausman, J., and M. Watson 1985 Seasonal adjustment with measurement error present. Journal of the American Statistical Association 80:531-540. 1990 Seasonal adjustment of preliminary data. Journal of the American Statistical Association 90:640-648. Helfand, S., V. Natrella, and A. Pisarski 1984 Statistics for Transportation, Communication, and Finance and Insurance: Data Availability and Needs. Committee on National Statistics, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Hershey, R. 1988 Making trade data more precise. The New York Times (May 17):D1. Hoekman, B., and R. Stern 1992 Evolving patterns of trade and investment in services. P. Hooper and J.D. Richardson, eds., International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Howenstine, N. 1989 U.S. affiliates of foreign companies: 1987 benchmark survey results Survey of Current Business (July):116-139.

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy Huang, E. 1987 Report on low value ratio using Automated Broker Interface data. Internal Census Bureau Memorandum to B. Walter, December 17. Interagency Committee on Measurement of Real Output, Subcommittee on Prices 1973 Report on criteria for choice of unit values or wholesale prices as deflators (the Searle Committee Report). Originally mimeographed June 17, 1960; reprinted with changes and a brief summary of the appendices. Review of Income and Wealth 19(3)(September):253-266. International Monetary Fund 1986a Final Report of the Working Party on the Statistical Discrepancy in World Current Account Balances. Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund. 1986b Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook. Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund. 1990a International Capital Markets, Developments and Prospects. Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund. 1990b Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook. Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund. 1991 International Capital Markets, Developments and Prospects. Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund. 1992 Final Report of the Working Party on the Study of the Measurement of International Capital Flows. International Trade Administration 1988 International Direct Investment: Global Trends and the U.S. Role. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1989 COMPRO: General Overview. (June 30) U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. Inter-Secretariat Working Group on National Accounts 1990 System of National Accounts (SNA) Review Issues: Discussion paper for 1990 Regional Commission Meetings on SNA. Provisional Future ST/ESA/STAT/SER.F/2/Rev.4. February. Statistical Office, United Nations, New York. Jabine, T. 1984 The Comparability and Accuracy of Industry Codes in Different Data Systems. Committee on National Statistics, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Jackson, J. 1988 International Competition in Services: A Constitutional Framework . Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute. Jones, S. 1990 Thoughts on Longer-Range Improvements in the Federal Statistical Program. Paper presented to the meeting of the Commit-

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy tee on National Statistics, National Research Council, February 9-10. U.S. Department of the Treasury Washington, D.C. Julius, D. 1990 Global Companies and Public Policy: The Growing Challenge of Foreign Direct Investment. The Royal Institute of International Affairs. New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press. 1991 Foreign Direct Investment: The Neglected Twin of Trade. Group of Thirty, occasional papers, #33. Washington, D.C.: Group of Thirty. Juster, T. F. 1988 The State of U.S. Economic Statistics: Current and Prospective Quality, Policy Needs, and Resources. Paper presented at the 50th National Bureau of Economic Research Anniversary Conference on Research in Income and Wealth. (May) Washington, D.C. Kamalich, R. and J. Kwiecinski 1989 CPI User Survey Internal Report. Division of Consumer Prices and Price Indexes. November 20. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Labor Statistics. Keane, J. 1987 Exporters: automate your census reports and save time, money, and hassle. Public Information Office, Bureau of the Census. U.S. Department of Commerce News. (June) Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Kelly, H., and A. Wyckoff 1989 Missing link: the need for better data on purchased services. The Service Economy 3(4):1-6. Knight, P. 1989 Document image processing: fast route to efficient filing. Financial Times (November 24). 1990 U.S. merchandise trade: May, seasonally adjusted imports and exports U.S. Department of Commerce News. Public Information Office, Bureau of the Census. FT900 (90-05) CB-90-130. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Kotwas, G. and H. Mearkle 1990 U.S. merchandise trade: May 1990: seasonally adjusted imports and exports. U.S. Department of Commerce News. Bureau of the Census. FT900 (90-05) CB-90-130. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Kravis, I., and R. Lipsey 1988 Production and Trade in Services by U.S. Multinational Firms. National Bureau of Economic Research. Working Paper No. 2615. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1992 The international comparison program: current status and problems In P. Hooper and J.D. Richardson, eds., International Economic

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Kravis, I., R. Lipsey, and L. Molinari 1992 Measures of prices and price competitiveness in international trade in manufactured goods. In P. Hooper and J.D. Richardson, eds., International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Landefeld, J.S., and A. Lawson 1991 Valuation of U.S. net international investment position. Survey of Current Business (May) 40-49. Lederer, E.P., W. Lederer, and R. Sammons 1982 International Services Transactions of the United States: Proposals for Improvement in Data Collection. Paper prepared for the U.S. Departments of State and Commerce and the Office of the United States Trade Representatives (January), Washington, D.C. Lipscomb, E., and B. Walter 1978 Impacts of Reporting Burden Reduction on the Quality of Export Statistics Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce. Lipsey, R. 1990 Reviving the Federal Statistical System: International Aspects. American Economic Association Papers and Proceedings 80(May)(2):337-340. Lipsey, R., and I. Kravis 1985 The competitive position of U.S. manufacturing firms. Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review 153(June):127-154. 1987 The competitiveness and comparative advantage of U.S. multinationals, 1957-1984. Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review 161(June):147-165. 1989 Technological Characteristics of Industries and the Competitiveness of the U.S. and its Multinational Firms. Working Paper No. 2933. (April.) National Bureau of Economic Research. Livingston, S. 1982 Observations on the role of services in international trade. Fletchern Forum 6(Winter):91-110. Ljung, G.M., and G.E.P. Box 1978 On a measure of lack of fit in time series models. Biometrika (65):297-303. Lowe, J.H. 1990 Gross product of U.S. affiliates of foreign companies, 1977-87. Survey of Current Business 70(6):45-53. Lux, M. 1984 The Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System: Current Situation and Consideration. Statistical Office of the European Communities, Paris, France.

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy Mackay, E. 1982 The accuracy of international trade data. Intereconomics 5(Sept.-Oct.):251-255. Mangaroo, R. 1986 Census Bureau Automated Data Reporting System Helps Exporters Streamline Their Customs Paperwork. U.S. Department of Commerce News. Public Information Office, Bureau of the Census. CB86-181. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Markoff, J. 1988 American Express goes high-tech. The New York Times (July 31):3:1. Marquez, J. 1990 Table of Mean and Standard Deviation of the U.S. Trade Balance for Several Periods. (May) Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington, D.C. Marquez, J., and N. Ericsson 1990 Evaluating the Predictive Performance of Trade-Account Models. International Finance Discussion Papers, Number 377. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington, D.C. Marsh, B. 1989 Small businesses aren't so little when it comes to role in exports. The Wall Street Journal (August 18):B2. Maskus, K. 1992 Comparing international trade data and product and national characteristics data for the analysis of trade models. In P. Hooper and J.D. Richardson, eds., International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Mearkle, H., and R. Preuss 1990 U.S. Merchandise Trade: January 1990. U.S. Department of Commerce News. Public Information Office, Bureau of the Census. FT900 (90-01). CB-90-51. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Monk, H. 1985 Memorandum: Specifications for Developing Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)-Based Tariff Schedules of the United States Annotated (TSUSA) Classification System. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. Neece, W. 1984 Statistical Classification Systems. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. Norwood, J. 1989a What is Quality? Paper presented at the annual research conference of the Bureau of the Census. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. 1989b Data Quality for Public Policy. Paper presented at the Joint

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy Session of Society of Government Economists and the American Economic Association. (December) Atlanta, Georgia. Office of Business Analysis 1990 National Trade Data Bank: Interim Report to Congress as Required by Section 5413, Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988. Actions taken pursuant to Subtitle E, Title V of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Official Journal of the European Communities 1989 Proposal for a Council Regulation (EEC) on the statistics relating to the trading of goods between member states. Official Journal of the European Communities C(41):5-13. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development 1990 OECD Countries' International Trade in Services. Economics and Statistics Department. (January.) Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Ott, M. 1988 Have U.S. exports been larger than reported? Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review 70(Sept.-Oct.):3-23. Park, J. 1990 America's 50 biggest exporters: overseas sales take off at last. Fortune (July 16):76-77. Puzzilla, K. 1983 Impact of using a fifty percent sample of records at various value cut-offs to compile monthly export statistics. Internal Census Bureau memorandum to B. Walter, December 1. 1985 Memorandum: Pilot Study Audit of the Seattle-Tacoma Airport. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. 1988 Memorandum: Audit of Export Shipments at Miami International Airport Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. 1989 Memorandum: Final Report on the Results of Air Audits. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce. Quinn, J., and T. Doorley, eds. 1988 Key policy issues posed by services. Pp. 211-234 in Technology in Services: Policies for Growth, Trade, and Employment . National Academy of Engineering. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Richards, E. 1989 The data deluge. The Washington Post (September 24):H1. Risha, M. 1991 A Comparison of the “Origin of Movement” Series and the “Exports from Manufacturing Establishments” Series. Industry Division Working Papers Series. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy Rosengarden, E. 1986 Memorandum to the President's Economic Policy Council, on the Request by the Council's Working Group for Comments on the Quality of Federal Economic Statistics (August.) U.S. International Trade Commission, Washington, D.C. Roth, J.A., J.T. Scholz, and A. Dryden-Witte 1989 Taxpayer Compliance: An Agenda for Research. Panel on Law and Justice, National Research Council. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Rutter, J. 1989 Direct Investment Update: Trends in International Direct Investment Staff report. International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. 1988 Global Trends and the U.S. Role. International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. Ryten, J. 1988 Errors in foreign trade statistics. Survey Methodology 14(1):3-18. Scholl, R. 1990 International Investment Position: Component Detail for U.S. Assets Abroad and Foreign Assets in the United States for 1989. U.S. Department of Commerce News. Office of Public Information, Bureau of Economic Analysis. BEA 90-31. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Schott, J., ed. 1990 Completing the Uruguay Round, A Results-Oriented Approach to the GATT Trade Negotiations. (September) Washington, D.C.: Institute for International Economics. Schultz, S. 1984 Trade in services: its treatment in international forums and the problems ahead. Intereconomics 6(Nov.-Dec.):267-273. Schultze, C. 1988 Policy Users Panel. Paper prepared for the National Bureau of Economic Research 50th Anniversary Conference on Research in Income and Wealth, (May) Washington, D.C. Sinai, H., and Z. Sofianou, eds. 1989 International trade in services: how do major countries fare? The Service Economy 3(April):13-19. Statistical Office of the European Communites 1989a Classification of International Trade in Services. Working Document for the Eurostat-OECD Joint Meeting, September 18-29, Paris, France. 1989b Improving the System of Collecting Data on International Trade in Services. Report by the Balance of Payments Working Party, April 17-19, Paris, France. Statistics Canada 1987 Quality Guidelines. Ottawa, Ontario: Statistics Canada.

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy Stekler, L. 1989 Adequacy of International Transactions and Position Data for Policy Coordination. NBER Working Paper No. 2844. Washington, D.C.: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1990 Accuracy of U.S. Data on International Capital Flows. (February) Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington, D.C. 1991a U.S. International Transactions in 1990. Federal Reserve Bulletin. (May) Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington, D.C. 1991b The Statistical Discrepancy in the U.S. International Transactions Accounts: Sources and Suggested Remedies. International Finance Discussion Papers, Number 401, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington, D.C. Stekler, L., and G.V.G. Stevens 1992 The adequacy of U.S. direct investment data. In P. Hooper and J.D. Richardson, eds., International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Stern, R., and B. Hoekman 1987 Issues and data needs for GATT negotiations on services. World Economy 10(March):39-60. Stout, H. 1989 Shaky numbers: U.S. statistics mills grind out more data that are then revised. The Wall Street Journal (August 31). Sullivan, W. 1990 The 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC), the Harmonized System (HS) and Cross Classification HS to SIC. International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. Summers, B.J. 1991 Clearing and payments system: the role of the Central Bank. Federal Reserve Bulletin (February):81-91. Triplett, J. 1989 Reviving the statistical system: a view from within. American Economic Association Papers and Proceedings 80(2):341-344, May. 1990 The Federal Statistical System's Response to Emerging Data Needs. Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. Turner, P. 1991 Capital Flows in the 1980's, A Survey of Major Trends. BIS Economic Papers. (April.) Basle, Switzerland: Bank for International Settlements. Ulan, M., and W. Dewald 1989 The U.S. net international investment position: misstated and misunderstood In J. Dorn and W. Niskanen, eds., Dollars, Deficits, and Trade. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy United Nations 1986 Standard International Trade Classification Revision 3. Statistical Papers Series M, No. 34/Rev.3. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, New York. U.N. Statistical Office 1988a Draft of the Central Product Classification (CPC). WorkingPaper. ESA/STAT/AC.32/5. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, New York. 1988b Draft of the Revised International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities. Working Paper. ESA/STAT/AC.32/4. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, New York. 1989 Handbook of International Trade and Development Statistics. Conference on Trade and Development. Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations. 1990a System of National Accounts (SNA) Review Issues: Discussion Paper for 1990 Regional Commissions Meetings on SNA. Inter-Secretariat Working Group on National Accounts. Provisional Future ST/ESA/STAT/SER.F/2/Rev. 4. (February) United Nations Statistical Office, New York. 1990b UNCTAD Commodity Yearbook. Conference on Trade and Development, Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations. U.S. Congress 1988 Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988. Subtitle E—Trade Data and Studies, Sections 5401-5413. U.S. Congress. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1990 JEC to Review Proposals to Improve Federal Economic Statistics. Joint Economic Committee Press Release. 101st Congress. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. U.S. Congress, House of Representatives 1989 Statement of Rep. John J. LaFalce, chairman, Committee on Small Business Hearing on U.S. International Competitiveness: How to Create an Export Culture. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1990a Customs Informed Compliance and Automation Act of 1990. H.R. 4689. 101st Congress, 2nd Session. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1990b Foreign Investment Policy Improvements Act. HR 4520. 101st Congress, 2nd Session. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1990c Report on Abuses and Mismanagement in U.S. Customs Service Commercial Operations. Subcommittee on Oversight of the Committee on Ways and Means, U.S. House of Representatives. 101st Congress, 2nd Session. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. U.S. Congress, Senate 1980 Protecting the Confidentiality of Shipper's Export Declarations,

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy and to Standardize Export Data Submission and Disclosure Requirements . Committee on Governmental Affairs. Report to accompany S.2419. 96th Congress, 2nd Session, Report No. 96-796. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1990 International Data Improvement Act of 1990. S2516. 101stCongress, 2nd Session. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. U.S. Department of Commerce 1989a Legislative Background—Publication Requirements, Section 301, Title 13, U.S.C. (Foreign Trade Statistics Program). Washington, D.C. 1989b U.S. Code, Title 13—Chapter 9, Collection and Publication of Foreign Commerce and Trade Statistics Washington, D.C. 1990 National Trade Data Bank: Interim Report to Congress as Required by Sec.5413, Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988. Actions Taken Pursuant to Subtitle E, Title V of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988. Office of Business Analysis. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. U.S. Department of the Treasury 1989a Report on Foreign Portfolio Investment in the United States as of December 31, 1984. Office of the Assistant Secretary, International Affairs. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Treasury. 1989b Treasury Bulletin (Winter Issue, March). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Treasury. 1989c Customs Regulations of the United States. Part152.1(c)—Part 152.12, and Part 159.31-159.43. Washington, D.C.: Office of Regulations and Rulings, U.S. Customs Service. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Treasury. U.S. General Accounting Office 1987 System Integrity: Stronger Controls Needed for Customs' Automated Commercial System. Report to the Commissioner of the U.S. Customs Service. GAO/IMTEC-87-10. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1988 Customs Automation: Observations on Selected Automated Commercial System Modules. Briefing Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO/IMTEC-89-4BR. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1989 Federal Statistics: Merchandise Trade Statistics: Some Observations . Briefing report to the chair, Panel on Foreign Trade Statistics, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council. GAO/OCE-89-1BR. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1991 Customs Automation: Progress Made, More Expected in Revenue Reconciliation Process. Report to the Chairman, Subcom-

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy mittee on Oversight, Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives GAO/IMTEC-91-27. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. U.S. Office of Management and Budget 1986 Federal Statistics: A Special Report on the Statistical Programs and Activities of the United States Government Fiscal Year 1987. Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1987 Standard Industrial Classification Manual. U.S. Office of Management and Budget. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. U.S. Office of Technology Assessment 1986 Trade in Services: Exports and Foreign Revenues; Special Report. OTA-ITE-316. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1989 Statistical Needs for a Changing U.S. Economy. Background paper, OTA-BP-E-58. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration Survey of International Air Travelers Departing the United States . OMB Clearance No. 0605-007. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Waite, C. 1987 Memorandum: Developing Sampling Approaches for Export Statistics. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. 1988 Census Bureau Merchandise Trade Data—Program Overview, Developments and Direction. Briefing presented to the Washington Export Council, April 28. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. 1989 Perspectives and Issues—Merchandise Trade Data. Paper submitted to the Panel on Foreign Trade Statistics, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council. (June.) Washington, D.C. Wall Street Journal 1988 A wider trade deficit jolts a fragile market; shares off 101 points The Wall Street Journal (April 15):1W. Walter, B. 1992 Quality issues affecting the compilation of the U.S. merchandise trade statistics. In P. Hooper and J.D. Richardson, eds., International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Walter, I. 1988 Global Competition in Financial Services: Market Structure, Protection, and Trade Liberalization. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.

OCR for page 267
BEHIND THE NUMBERS: U.S. Trade in the World Economy Whichard, O. 1987 U.S. sales of services to foreigners. Survey of Current Business (January):22-41. 1988 International services: new information on U.S. transactions with unaffiliated foreigners. Survey of Current Business (October):27-34. 1989 U.S. multinational companies: operations since 1987. Survey of Current Business (June):27-39. Working Group on the Quality of Economic Statistics 1987 Report of the Working Group on the Quality of Economic Statistics to the Economic Policy Council. Economic Policy Council, Washington, D.C. Wright, R., and G. Pauli 1988 International trade in financial services: the Japanese challenge Pp. 187-210 in B.R. Guile and J.B. Quinn, eds., Technology in Services, Growth, Trade, and Employment. National Academy of Engineering. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Wyckoff, A. 1988 Sources and Assumptions of OTA's Input/Output Model. Paper presented at the OECD Workshop on Input/Output Techniques, Paris, France. (December 14.) Office of Technology Assessment, Washington, D.C. Wysocki, B., Jr. 1990 The outlook: U.S. firms increase overseas investments. The Wall Street Journal (April 9):A1.