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122 APPENDIX B SMALLER DOCTORATE-GRANTING INSTITUTIONS, BY GENERAL FIELDS, 1920-1974 PhD's •V '"* PhD Field 8 e» a/ o r r* -* 0} r* i $# 'tj v (f i // °-2 / S Q) '-y >v Jj rC c0 S * *i V iff '1 t» q, OCR for page 117
123 APPENDIX B Continued ff PhD Field 8 -3 T -\ X ** O) x, * ej it to o *9 Jj // /£p i O 4 '"» *» U Qj It 1) **1 r** S 3 8 S & / -C *? £ tj At, f ) *; O tl O 0 if ( -oC C to *? ^ v/C ^ © ""* V ^ / *f 1 g .« i 1 O / £ £ £ PACIFIC, U OF/CA PORTLAND, UNIV OF/OR ILL, U-COLL MEDICINE 171 172 48 25 14 4 28 106 61 204 173 3 156 132 193 184 N ORLN BAPT T SEM/LA 174 12 95 68 175 WESTERN MICHIGAN U 174 12 12 1 5 19 126 175 DUQUESNE UNIV/PA 176 47 16 46 62 1 1 173 DARTMOUTH COLLEGE/NH 177 45 26 11 12 31 33 10 1 169 DREXEL UNIVERSITY/PA 178 7 19 23 93 20 2 1 1 2 168 MIAMI UNIVERSITY/OH 179 1 6 12 21 7 22 1 92 162 ILLINOIS ST U-NORMAL 180 22 117 139 WISCONSIN.U-MILWAUKE 181 27 17 5 1 7 30 20 15 14 136 JEWISH THEO SEM AMER 182 24 96 13 133 MEMPHIS STATE U/TN. 183 17 3 22 1 89 132 VA COMONWLTH U MED C 183 23 109 132 HOFSTRA UNIV/NY 185 81 49 130 NEVADA, UNIV OF 185 18 19 22 1 6 48 16 130 CLARKSON C TECH/NY 187 10 *") 57 37 129 NC, U OF-GREENSBORO 188 2 27 2 34 63 128 SH BAPT THEOL SEM/TX 189 11 86 26 123 NTHRN BAPT THEOL/IL 190 122 122 SOUTH DAKOTA STATE U 191 7 5 89 20 121 T JEF U-JEF MED C/PA 192 1 113 11* HEBREW UNION COLL/OH 193 1 2 44 65 1 113 WORCESTER POLY I/MA 194 20 24 62 106 SUNY AT BINGHAMTON 195 9 6 10 11 2 3 17 45 1 104 SUNY DOWNSTAT MD CTR 195 104 104 ILLINOIS, U-CHIGO CIR SPRINGFIELD COLL/MA 197 197 13 6 23 30 2 12 9 8 103 103 103 DETROIT, U OF/MI 199 46 33 5 8 9 101 INDIANA STATE UNIV 200 1 6 16 12 62 97 PRINCETN THEO SEM/NJ 201 2 1 6 84 1 94 CALIF, U-SANTA CRUZ GRAD THEOL UNION/CA 202 203 2 15 1* 8 18 6 2 20 66 1 92 91 PHILA C PHARNSSCI/PA 204 12 75 87 UNION THEOL SEM/NY 205 19 62 81 TEXAS. U-HOUSTON 206 1 78 1 80 HAHNEMANN MED C/PA 207 1 78 79 SUNY UPSTATE MED CTR 208 T 74 3 78 ALABAMA.U-BIRMINGHAM 209 74 ALASKA, UNIV OF 209 19 39 2 15 75 WILLIAM t MARY.C/VA 209 212 213 29 13 8 5 69 20 75 70 69 ST MARYS COLLEGE/IN MIDDLEBURY COLL/VT 70 NAVAL POSTGRAD S/CA 213 3 21 2 2 40 1 69 SETON HALL UNIV/NJ 215 62 4 66 WESLEYAN UNIV/CT TENN.U CTR HTH SCI MISSISSIPPI. U, S MED NEW JERSEY I NST TECH ST BONAVENTURE U/NY 215 18 5 1* 1 ii 18 21 IS 217 218 219 219 56 1 36 1 1 i! ALFRED UNIVERSITY/NY 221 5 7 1 43 56 SMITH COLLEGE/MA 221 1 1 9 1 5 39 56 SO BAPT THEOL SEM/KY 223 6 37 10 53 YESHIVA-EINST MED/NY 223 52 1 53 UNION UNIVERSITY/NY 225 1 13 37 51 NEW YORK MEDICAL COL 226 49 49 TEXAS, U.MED BR-GLVST WAKE FOREST UNIV/NC 226 226 *! 49 CORNELL U MED C/NY 229 4 7 47 THOMAS JEFFRSON U/PA 229 4 43 47 BAYLOR COLL MEO/TX fjl 45 1 46 AQUINAS INST/IA 3z 12 29 4 45 FULLER THEOL SEM/CA 232 40 45 MEDICAL COLL GEORGIA 234 44 MED UNIV SO CAROLINA 234 4 40 MCNEESE STATE U/LA MICHIGAN TECH UNIV 236 41 *I 236 9 5252 N MEX I MININGtTECH 236 11 30 41 TEXAS U-SWSTRN MED S 239 27 13 40 HARTFORD SEM FON/CT 240 3 4 14 15 2 38

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124 APPENDIX B Continued PhD Field .>"? 0 3 * *, £ 01 tn 6) * § Oj V*1 /O) -LJ tl tl tl O tl> •"y >? of*1 ti tH <• O tl O *** *sy tl ** O) C £2 vy VY .J7 ij *? j, c O *y O ^f 0} li # ^ / / / ff / $/ * ^ >y ^ ^ tl O "V / ' f/ / / / / MASS COLL PHARMACY 240 15 23 38 NE LOUISIANA UNIV 242 36 37 NORWESTRN ST UNIV LA 242 37 37 IDAHO STATE UNIV 244 11 6 7 11 i 36 OREGON U-SCH MED 245 29 6 35 OCCIDENTAL COLL/CA 246 33 33 PUERTO RICO, UNIV OF 246 8 2 23 33 NEW YORK LAW SCHOOL 248 32 32 SANTA CLARA. U OF/CA FLORIDA ATLANTIC U 249 250 1 13 16 30 29 29 LOMA LINDA UNIV/CA 251 11 26 28 LOWELL, UNIV OF/MA SOUTH FLORIDA, U OF OEPAUL UNIVERSITY/IL m 9 19 28 17 " || 254 * l ll t, LA ST U, S MED-N ORL 254 25 SOWE STERN LA, U OF 256 8 5 35 3 24 TEXAS, U-ARLINGTON ARKANSAS, U, SCH MED 256 258 1 22 23 WOODSTOCK COLL/NY AIR FORCE I TECH/OH 259 260 15 15 if LOUISIANA TECH UNIV 260 4 5 1 11 21 VILLANOVA UNIV/PA 260 17 4 21 FAIRLEIGH DICKN U/NJ 263 20 20 CHICAGO MED SCH/IL 264 18 18 DALLAS THEOL SEM/TX 264 1 16 1 18 LIU-BROOKLYN CTR/NY 264 17 1 IB MED COLL PENSYLVANIA 267 17 17 ST MARYS SEM t U/MD 267 2 15 17 TEXAS.U MED SN ANTON ATLANTA UNIV/GA 267 270 18 3 17 5 16 MARYLAND, U, SCH MED MIDDLE TENN STATE U 270 272 2 14 16 7 815 NOVA UNIVERSITY/FL HEBREW UNION COLL/CA !?! 2 9 4 15 3 11 14 INDIANA UNIV OF PA 274 11 14 JULLIARO SCHOOL/NY 274 14 14 MED N J-N J MED SCH UNION-ALBANY MED/NY 277 277 il 11 WESTMINSTR THEO S/PA 277 1 12 13 COOPER UNION/NY 280 1 1 10 12 PEABODY I OF BALT/MD S DAKOTA S MINECTECH 280 1 12 280 7 5 EAST TENN STATE UNIV 283 11 11 PROVIDENCE COLL/RI UNION THEOL SEM/VA 283 283 11 11 ! 11 HEBREW UNION COLL/NY 286 46 10 DRAKE UNIV/IA 287 9 1 NORTHERN ARIZONA U 287 1 8 9 REOLANDS, U OF/CA TEXAS, U-DALLAS 287 287 3 5 1 1 8 PHILLIPS UNIV/OK 291 44 8 DAYTON, U OF/OH 292 7 MED COLL WISCONSIN 292 7 PORTLAND STATE U/OR 292 321 1 7 SAM HOUSTON ST U/TX 292 6 1 MICHITA ST UNIV/KS 292 1337 CREIGHTON UNIV/NE DALLAS, UNIV OF/TX 297 297 6 6 42 6 MIDWST BAPT T SEM/MO 297 15 6 RUTGERS U-NEWARK/NJ 297 3 3 6 NC CENTRAL UNIV 301 4 * ALABAMA.U-HUNTSVILLE 302 302 33 3 LAMAR UNIyERSITY/TX N MEXICO HIGHLANDS U 302 1 2 3 TENNESSEE TECH U 302 3 ARKANSAS, U-LTLE ROCK GLDN GT BAPT THEO/CA 306 1 1 2 i 306 LOYOLA UNIVERSITY/LA 306 i i VA COMMONWEALTH UN6V 306 1 LSU, SCH MED-SHRVPRT 310 1 i OLD DOMINION UNIV/VA ST STEPHENS COLL/MA 310 310 1 | WAKE F-B GRAY MED/NC 310 1 i WSTRN CONS BAPT S/OR 310 i i SOURCE: NRC, Commission on Human Resources.

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125 APPENDIX C STATE AND REGIONAL SUMMARIES OF FIELDS OF PhD's, 1920-1974, IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES y O c? / s * ? £ ? f./ ?/ / / *//////?/ / £.£ gO / / 7 ?/ // OCR for page 117
126 APPENDIX D STATE AND REGIONAL SUMMARIES OF FIELDS OF PhD's, 1920-1974, IN BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES AND NONSCIENCE FIELDS t /// f, .'/ ./ t tfff, / /* y Language and Literature ta* / I • / i • I f J ' ft "? .f O f A*O AJ J3 i. O t*-* O t** O ** g *j ** < . .z / •-* "• * r? 0 .-, .-* ? £•> r .* • £ £t7 s> °'S °ff 4J ^ • r?/ 4 * /o7 £ ". -?.•? f? rf C 4? * *r? to *•*» *•*» * * ^ °* *r? £ * °c s. .p MAINE NEW HAMPSHIRE 42 1 7 J! 5|37 28 I 9 28 6 17 65 34 1 7 VERMONT 37 37 216 68 1 69 69 MASSACHUSETTS 1607 1870 846 1277 441 6041 21102 1778 1321 1115 1892 6106 3326 2096 45 11573 RHODE ISLAND CONNECTICUT 164 641 38? III it 383 2184 1775 6469 96 193 1000 135 828 134 794 558 3230 5 962 29 593 5039 608 837 ,0 NEW YORK NEW JERSEY 5106 2170 344 luo 1937 692 11797 36369 1287 7069 2653 409 2841 472 2197 541 3036 373 10727 1795 "iiS 2528 109 28576 406 619 360 67 PENNSYLVANIA 1514 964 469 420 3986 16357 814 1215 860 965 3854 5161 954 60 10029 ?HIO NDIANA LLINOIS MICHIGAN WISCONSIN III! 451 379 114 297 3132 12761 2740 11904 7108 24984 4201 15047 2451 12260 614 •26 479 914 2833 3982 897 776 2333 853 434 47 7759 7600 •a*1 340 1414 666 445 349 1184 390 291 57? 473 261 508 1392 586 1049 613 1613 864 906 331 1236 550 672 968 2420 6100 3301 3273 4301 4385 5053 1800 103 95 50 38 672 950 1859 1301 646 I!l57 5545 MINNESOTA IOWA 1045 296 263 166 2206 8007 2013 9366 378 272 362 177 195 Sit 1343 1794 1284 294 3 9 2924 860 570 212 201 170 439 1845 462 4110 MISSOURI 640 261 350 150 47 1448 5701 427 294 249 440 1410 1857 372 7 3646 NORTH DAKOTA 99 3 2 1 105 493 6 14 400 2 416 SOUTH DAKOTA 59 6 14 79 250 220 220 NEBRASKA 239 90 68 48 70 515 1746 114 173 34 52 373 1067 80 1520 KANSAS 415 117 69 62 94 763 3689 127 131 110 111 479 805 69 4 1357 OELAWARE 70 107 9 75 871 37 30 9 76 21 t 99 MARYLAND 495 279 397 97 1375 7546 385 }34 489 271 1479 1096 77 11 2663 DIST. OF COL. 534 385 262 840 74 2095 4589 665 207 386 534 1792 1249 1316 17 4374 VIRGINIA WEST VIRGINIA 94 92 21 39 506 2987 130 756 240 37 239 1 Ti 68 20 628 58 zlf 41 2 1293 ?30 NORTH CAROLINA 632 540 371 376 120 2039 6937 690 734 451 307 2186 1004 368 13 71 SOUTH CAROLINA GEORGIA 93 380 20 44 14 127 770 625 2557 63 244 104 132 20 187 577 92! 2 356 717 91 65 41 53 148 255 4 ill - FLORIDA 146 179 140 139 1321 4336 155 279 131 352 917 2321 285 9 3532 KENTUCKY 249 101 M 64 10 504 1445 104 77 60 13 254 369 52 4 679 TENNESSEE 737 146 102 65 41 1091 3409 234 429 116 129 904 1878 166 5 2953 ALABAMA 153 35 19 f 214 1144 57 83 16 7 163 1040 167 1370 MISSISSIPPI 155 33 41 14 7 252 904 73 40 16 129 851 82 1062 ARKANSAS 42 67 109 496 1 69 10 91 538 116 2 784 LOUISIANA 276 141 187 58 74 736 3094 214 256 208 987 521 313 70 143 97 133 309 u| 6 1827 OKLAHOMA TEXAS 349 1267 178 364 33 687 3350 2060 10080 169 123 667 39 306 64 423 395 1919 1936 3499 I 14 BH 193 523 MONTANA IDAHO 66 1 24 6 23 1 97 526 24 275 4 10 11 4 21 157 i IT] WYOMING 40 199 1( W? 40 429 —f 5 474 479 COLORADO NEW MEXICO 't 1236 4298 136 923 fil 273 141 164 338 ??i 3166 499 190 2 1 4328 875 AR I Z ONA UTAH 297 411 26 46 112 82 ?i 1 10 504 2159 612 2708 n 65 96 65 37 41 107 212 1162 1342 105 79 3 1 1*82 1718 NEVADA 41 296 GUAM 175 48 114 2 14 16 16 WASHINGTON 460 180 365 160 1340 5306 271 395 248 222 1136 881 271 11 2303 OREGON CALIFORNIA 439 2860 1519 200 1254 104 1384 80 617 959 3575 7634 33241 89 1942 166 1570 49 113 1782 417 6742 1716 7181 134 1389 14 2281 15792 ALASKA 37 75 1448 480 HAWAII 62 11 33 13 156 635 19 48 63 12 1 76 PUERTO RICO 10 18 9 23 23 NEW ENGLAND MIDDLE ATLANTIC EAST NORTH CENTRAL 2525 2360 1263 1677 496 1179 1771 lf!270 59*95 19632 76956 2511 2519 2146 2821 4374 5688 9997 16376 17927 4330 21123 19521 2962 3894 5293 57 184 333 17346 7026 8226 3478 4093 2621 3244 2766 2298 3876 4149 4528 4822 3598 3268 41577 43074 WEST NORTH CENTRAL 3367 1480 1008 726 548 7129 29252 1326 1405 765 1917 5413 7478 1279 23 14193 SOUTH ATLANTIC EAST SOUTH CENTRAL hSJ 1315 I 1967 162 sii 8293 31349 2061 6902 2516 468 2060 625 1595 192 1729 165 7900 1450 7656 4138 2366 467 6§ 17982 6064 WEST SOUTH CENTRAL MOUNTAIN PACIFIC AND INSULAR 1934 27|6° 1846 271 m 3592 17020 2697 11432 10089 42842 in 1115 600 2131 561 806 3389 1899 8381 6494 1325 2? 509 11231 iH? 290 1685 885 2317 321 1763 519 2170 6993 9790 375 1795 9274 20475 SOURCE: NRC, Commission on Human Resources.

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127 APPENDIX E ONE HUNDRED PhD-GRANTING INSTITUTIONS LARGEST IN NUMBERS OF PhD's, 1920-1974, BY SEX AND FIELD GROUP. WITH TOTALS AND RANK ORDERS BY TIME PERIOD ^c s Men c* y • * o c Women £ y s r? f ?* y » o1- • f f ?/ ? J / / SS i £ -?O ? ^ 7 < / 41 V?C? r •4^0 » o v o >* a t ' /* *f ' ff ?£ 4 r•': COLUMBIA UNIV/NY 1920-1959 1 1369 194 308 1317 1637 377 1238 6758 178 111 339 467 39 444 1651 1 8410 1960-1969 6 1970-1974 13 688 366 341 181 289 908 507 1027 569 278 150 84 39 3528 1903 |1 100 64 !?6 384 330 n ';} 952 4 2 4484 2708 803 7 TOTAL 1920-1974 2 PER 1000 TOTAL 2423 25.5 828 18.8 798 11.1 2732 41.1 3233 57.7 805 *6.6 1361 19.9 12189 29.9 273 51.1 19.9 345 32.2 898 70.0 179 78.8 27522 3406 51.1 10.0 15602 32.2 HARVARD UNIV/MA 1920-1959 Z 1960-1969 * 1970-1974 7 1*30 »8 643 1565 1§?38 638 499 439 6845 *052 2537 76 t tn 276 1O 67 90 745 7590 4699 3158 966 548 309 242 806 540 *42 252 341 50 34 100 258 240 I 15 107 645 621 2 TOTAL 1920-1974 3 260 2 138 2 294* 334 1194 2911 3809 1193 10*0 13*34 160 308 *67 774 31 264 2011 15447 PER 1000 TOTAL 30.0 7.7 16.6 **.4 67.7 68.8 15.5 31.1 30.0 7.7 29.9 36.6 47.7 13.3 1*.4 30.0 3.3 31.1 CALIF. U-BERKELEY 1920-1959 9 1960-1969 1 {if? 18$ 1758 774 Dt .] 413 426 \lll 68? 160 139 6 11 ill 983 5556 5788 788 560 4 1** 150 110 600 146 TOTAL 1920-1974 4 1970-1974 Z 650 725 *94 567 365 125 235 3162 50 5 140 164 175 21 122 677 249 *068 PER 1000 TOTAL 3729 1831 2518 2129 1664 227 1074 13177 201 9 *** *19 424 38 395 15432 39.9 *0.0 35.5 32.2 29.9 13.3 15.5 31.1 37.7 34.4 *2.2 32.2 25.5 16.6 17.7 28.8 594.4 31.1 ILL. U. URBANA-CHAMP 1920-1959 6 1949 506 1059 VI 2 959 109 268 5043 103 1 102 38 143 10 „ 444 5487 1960-1969 1 1970-1974 I TOTAL 1920-1974 5 PER 1000 TOTAL 1158 671 3778 39.9 1051 581 931 524 493 364 219 179 529 491* 3399 69 5 109 97 308 29.9 62 124 163 430 26.6 16 92 167 477 1 3.1 5392 *017 1*896 30.0 25155 35.5 *83 1599 24.4 JJ!t 507 29.9 566 46 218 40.0 111 213 16.6 H 306 16.6 617 1 538 23.3 MICHIGAN* UNIV OF 1920-1959 9 1073 S71 859 671 731 101 389 4392 74 34.4 3 136 109 120 23.3 92 936 1 4929 1960-1969 5 1970-1974 4 779 *33 m III 70* 617 655 525 $ 469 4077 3062 n 1 4 175 145 207 H l" ?07 1 4620 3770 **o 506 1 2285 1773 1777 1992 1911 1364 11531 143 326 *07 472 44 384 1786 3.1 13319 PER 1000 TOTAL 24.* 39.9 25.5 30.0 33.3 23.3 19.9 27.7 26.6 31.1 31.1 28.8 19.9 20.0 26.6 27.7 OHIO STATE UNIV 1920-1959 11 1657 m m 768 448 418 110 568 4436 40 3 1 ?i 96 83 82 67 17 131 437 1 4874 1960-1969 'I *86 163 646 3440 26 I il 133 *30 3870 1970-1974 9 388 347 *32 401 326 155 749 2804 35 115 89 56 262 619 3423 TOTAL 1920-1974 f PER 1000 TOTAL ill! 1150 25.5 2011 28.8 1655 25.5 1192 21.1 *28 24.4 1963 28.8 10680 25.5 101 18.8 19.9 17*7 294 23.3 238 1*.4 138 60.0 526 28.8 1486 22.2 1 1.1 12167 25.5 CHICAGO, UNIV OF/IL 192CK1959 * 1960-1969 17 1970-1974 18 1592 tit 1510 70* 973 573 5879 138 1 Zii 291 263 '§9 ?i 46 1071 ll 6952 TOTAL 1920-1974 8 PER 1000 TOTAL 622 385 283 185 496 387 **3 in 202 2470 1804 1 3.3 43 135 139 68 1** 2246 2559 26.6 1347 19.9 2710 41.1 1803 32.2 1016 58.8 673 9.9 10153 24.4 211 323 30.0 525 475 28.8 155 68.8 186 93 1889 28.8 19 12061 24.4 NEK YORK UNIVERSITY 39.9 28.8 1920-1959 8 1960-1969 8 1970-1974 9 TOTAL 1920-1974 9 PER 1000 TOTAL 727 •0 256 242 660 383 370 196 1581 707 397 2685 39.9 *053 45 m Pi il 901 779 789 2469 37.7 4954 3834 2995 11783 24.4 ill fu 76 12.2 170 II? 1880 28.8 507 **3 14) 3054 2199 9306 22.2 *0 31 1 115 189 12 S?!t 1 ,2.1 1535 16.6 m 1333 23.3 709 •ct 8.8 40.0 24.4 CORNELL UNIV/NY 1920-1959 7 1068 298 1863 641 938 56 270 *746 94 2 216 89 36 39 594 5340 1960-1969 15 1970-1974 15 602 519 *34 310 832 555 *00 331 1^ 212 93 2841 32 40 2 3 96 65 88 33 11 It III 1 3164 2449 7?? 2103 64 194 I 1.1 TOTAL 1920-1974 10 PER 1000 TOTAL 2189 23.3 10*2 23.3 3250 45.5 1372 20.0 fi!l 575 8.8 9690 23.3 126 23.3 27.7 238 18.8 ll" 35?°5 1?? 1262 19.9 10953 22.2 MINNESOTA.U-MINNEAPL 1920-1959 12 1960-1969 9 762 469 m 1609 737 ?« lit 3964 34 23 3 90 55 '!? w 10 61 402 982 603 '•'. 398 3354 10 89 351 3705 1970-1974 10 TOTAL 1920-1974 11 259 ^ 535 3126 493 325 372 2385 9703 34 * f 62 207 147 93 245 17 37 116 473 1226 2 2860 10931 1*86 1833 1098 2.7 1018 91 373 266 2 PER 1000 TOTAL 15.5 19.9 44.4 27.7 19.9 14.4 1*.4 23.3 17.7 27.7 19.9 29.9 1*.4 16.6 14.4 18.8 i.I 22.2 STANFORD UNIV/CA 1920-1959 14 919 324 293 393 394 3T 799 2787 10 37 45 110 15} 373 3162 1960-1969 10 752 1027 175 366 **2 111 373 3257 31 £, 46 73 98 77 334 3591 1970-1974 If. 521 716 151 31* 312 96 233 2345 28 1 SO 76 150 4 70 386 3 TOTAL 1920-1974 12 PER 1000 TOTAL 1862 19.9 2067 45.5 619 8.8 1033 15.5 11*8 20.0 244 14.4 2$?J 8389 20.0 89 16.6 133 12.2 194 358 21.1 7 3.3 300 16.6 1095 16.6 4.! 19?9 15.5 YALE UNIVERSITY/CT 1920-1959 10 1960-1969 19 1970-1974 27 % Hi 348 'lit 24| 315 4263 71 l|| •8 70 66 234 222 218 19 8 93 623 4886 i,7?? 334 170 21? 469 2384 1390 i 2 I TOTAL 1920-1974 13 1929 *87 962 1218 2324 790 318 8037 136 7.7 I 307 224 674 26 1423 9460 PER 1000 TOTAL 20.0 10.0 13.3 18.8 41.1 45.5 4.4 19.9 25.5 29.9 17.7 -.1.1 11.1 2.2 21.1 19.9 INDIANA U BLOOMNGTON 1920-1959 25 410 168 274 254 91 629 1827 20 29 33 91 115 252 2079 389 251 397 625 234 1076 2983 18 42 68 129 8 253 518 3501 1 970—1 974 8 252 205 341 537 165 933 2434 1* 47 54 209 20 226 572 1 3007 TOTAL 1920-1974 1* PER 1000 TOTAL 1051 11.1 624 l?!i 1*16 25.5 490 28.8 2638 38.8 7244 17.7 9*1 lie 11.1 12?! ,333 31?t 1342 20.0 l.t PURDUE UNIVERSITY/IN •M 562 28 If i 1920-1959 20 1960-1969 13 1970-1974 1* TOTAL 1920-1974 15 PER lOOOt TOTAL III 399 11? 394 39 73 J 2274 3128 2267 7669 18.8 26 J 2 34.4 J 9 24 110 2384 A A 3 78 in w.i 471 Z. 189 296 595 9.9 .11! 1** iiH 3320 2641 2063 21.1 2018 28.8 I9J 9.9 2.2 27?7 MASS INST TECHNOLOGY 1920-1959 16 196O-1969 16 1970-1974 22 1588 1163 1103 ill in i 13 g 2893 32 3 8 11 2 27 2 67 93 133 2960 3138 201* 730 1386 772 30*0 1881 *1 8 6 43 4?? 2 1* 5 TOTAL 1920-1974 16 PER 1000 TOTAL 3481 36.6 3261 72.2 329 *.4 534 70 i.I 781* 18.8 141 26.6 .~I lit IS 7.? 8112 16.6 8.8 0.0 MICHIGAN STATE UNIV 1920-1959 32 202 7* 969 178 21 2 164 1219 9 2& 14 1 j* SO 4 1313 1960-1969 12 237 767 572 287 155 785 3218 15 1 35 49 34 25 115 27 1 3*89 TOTAL 1920-1974 17 PER 1000 TOTAL 1970-1974 6 353 154 626 491 233 164 802 2825 28 3.1 5^ 97 M 20 1 98 45 7 3282 955 10.0 *67 10.0 1962 27.7 1241 18.8 548 9.9 321 18.8 2??5 7262 17.7 110 10.0 156 12.2 103 6.6 46 818 12.2 4 6.6 808* 16.6 20.0 18.8

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169 2. Technical Report 2. Forecasting of the PhD Labor Market: Pitfalls for Policy, by Richard Freeman and David W. Breneman, April 1974. 50 pages. 3. Technical Report 3. Graduate School Adjustments to the "New Depression" in Higher Education, by David W. Breneman, with a Commen- tary by the National Board on Graduate Educa- tion, February 1975. 96 pages. 4. Technical Report 4. Science Develop- ment: An Evaluation Study, by David E. Drew, June 1975. 182 pages. 5. Minority Group Participation in Gradu- ate Education, June 1976. 273 pages. 6. An Annotated Bibliography on Graduate Education, 1971-1972, October 1972. 151 pages.

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Glossary BA Any baccalaureate degree; as used here, it includes the bachelor of science degree. Bio-behavioral field A field group that includes the life sciences, psychology, and the social sciences. Cohort All those individuals graduating within a given period, which may be a single year or a set of years. Also, it may mean birth co- hort, i.e., those born in a given year or over a given period of years. Comprehensive Roster The Comprehensive Roster of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers, compiled by the Commission on Human Resources and sur- veyed biennially. Donor/receptor As used in this report, refers to donor/receptor relationships, defined as field-switching ratios between the baccalau- reate and doctorate degrees. Within the PhD population, the ratio of baccalaureate degrees in a given field to doctorate degrees in that field defines whether a field is a "donor" or "receptor" field. If the fraction is greater than 1.00, the field is a donor; if less than 1.00, the field is a receptor. The term also refers to geographic regions, with the same calculation procedure. DRF Doctorate Records File, a file of names of all PhD's granted in United States universi- ties from 1920 to the present, maintained continually. Educational level As used here, the eventual grade level attained by an individual, on a scale of grades 1-8 for elementary school, 9-12 for high school, 13-16 for undergraduate education, and arbitrary values assigned to the higher degrees—18 for a master's degree and 20 for the doctorate. Grade level, in this report, refers to aggregates of individ- uals, and normative terms such as mean, median, or percentiles are typically used. EMP A field group consisting of engineering, mathematics, and the physical sciences. Field Defined operationally by the major head- ings in the Specialties List shown on page 162 in Appendix L. The term subfield or fine field, when used, refers to the numbered dis- ciplines shown under these major headings. A set of field titles with slight changes, more suitable for employment specialties in the sciences included in the Comprehensive Roster of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers but with condensations in the arts and humanities fields, is provided on page 166. Field group An aggregation of several major fields, such as engineering, mathematics, and physical sciences (EMP fields); bio-behavioral fields; and nonscience fields. Field mix A set of proportions describing the percentages of each field in a set of fields. Field switching, field shifts Used to describe the movement from one field at the baccalau- reate level to a different field at the doctor- ate level or changes of field after the doctorate is awarded. Increments to growth As used here, the incre- ments are typically annual percentage incre- ments, i.e., the percentage change from one year to the next. In some tables and graphs, increments are averaged. Institutional profile A set of numbers describ- ing the institution's characteristics, as out- lined in Chapter 4. Characteristics include such things as year in which the institution first awarded the doctorate, the percentage of women among its PhD's, the percentages in various field groups, the time lapse of its 171

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172 PhD's from baccalaureate to doctorate, etc. See pages 101-4. Isochron A line of equal time, used here to define the proportion of a given field who graduate at the PhD level a given number of years after the baccalaureate degree. Each isochron defines a given time lapse interval, such as 3 years, 8 years, 20 years, etc. Moving average A means of smoothing time trend data. If a 2-year moving average is used, it is the midpoint between each successive pair of years; if 3 years is used, the numbers for each set of 3 years are added, and the sum is divided by 3. A center-weighted moving aver- age, as used here, includes data for 4 years, with the 2 middle years' data doubled and the sum divided by 6. Worm A standard of reference. As used in this book, it is typically a statistical descrip- tion, in terms of a mean and standard devi- ation or percent!les. Norms may describe a reference population of individuals or of institutions and may refer to any of a number of characteristics. Population of PhD's The number of living PhD's in the United States at any given time (as distinct from PhD output). A computer model describes this population by field, sex, and age levels. Postdoctoral training Training, whether on a fellowship, traineeship, associateship, or other title, in which the main aim is further development of skills and knowledge, rather than regular employment, although the training may include teaching and research production. Professions As defined in the DRF, these include business administration, journalism, home eco- nomics, law, library and archival science, social work, speech and hearing science, and theology. Regions of U.S. As used here, the nine census regions of the United States, described in terms of the states included on pages 100-101. Roose-Andersen ratings Ratings of graduate departments, as described in the book A Rating of Graduate Programs by Roose and Andersen, published by the American Council on Education, 1970. Subfields Also referred to as "fine fields." Each of the major fields is subdivided into specialties; the entire set of these special- ties, with numbers of PhD's in each subfield, is given in Appendix A. Tetrad A group or arrangement of 4. Here it is used to describe a 2 * 2 arrangement, the mothers and fathers of male and female PhD's, and refers to the educational levels of these groups of parents.

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Subject Index Academic market, 76, 79-80 Age at PhD, 2, 28, 51-54 Annual production of PhD's, 1, 5-8, 12-13 Baccalaureate origins of PhD's, 3, 67-75, 116, 137-158 Baccalaureate degrees granted annually, 14-15 Baccalaureate-to-doctorate time lapse, 55-58 See also Isochrons Census data on educational level of U.S. population, 30-37 Characteristics of PhD's. See Chapter 2 Citizenship of PhD's, 28, 47-48 Comprehensive Roster, 76, 91-93 Doctorate population, 2, 24-27 Educational level of U.S. population, 1, 28, 30-37 Educational level of parents of PhD's, 28-45 Employment of PhD's Academic, 3, 76, 79-80, 82-83, 90-91 Nonacademic, 3, 76, 80-81, 82-83, 90-91 Ethnic groups. See Racial/ethnic identification Field mix, 18-23 Field switching, 3, 29, 60-67 Foreign origins of PhD's. See Citizenship Funding of RSD, 15-16 Geographic migration of PhD's, 3, 28-29, 67-75 Geographic origins of PhD's, 3, 29, 67-75, 89, 94, 99-100, 114-116, 133-136 Geographic destinations of PhD's, 3, 76, 89-91 Growth increments of PhD production, 5, 9-11, 14 High school origins of PhD's, 68-70, 72, 74 Institutional characteristics. See Chapter 4 Institutions granting PhD's, numbers of, 3-4, 94-95 Isochrons of BA-PhD time lapse, 55-58 Masters' degrees, 2, 29, 59-60 Minority groups among PhD's. See Racial/ethnic identification Norms of educational backgrounds, 36-37, 41 Norms of institutional characteristics, 105-106 Plans at PhD graduation. See Chapter 3 Postdoctoral study, 76-78, 84-88, 91 Racial/ethnic identification, 2, 49-51 Sex differences, 2, 38, 45-46, 51-55, 59-62, 69 173

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