the number has no doubt increased. Therefore, it is obvious that many state legislatures recognize the potential benefit of a DNA databank as an important investigative tool and that such databanks will become a reality. Many states are already collecting samples in earnest, although at this writing no databanks are operative.

Federal Level

The FBI and TWGDAM have proposed the creation of a national DNA profile databank system, including one statistical and three investigative databanks. The statistical databank would include DNA profiles of randomly selected unrelated persons and would be built collaboratively and maintained by the FBI for use by all forensic laboratories. The investigative databanks would contain DNA profiles of body fluids from the scenes of crimes for which suspects have been identified, convicted offenders, and bodies, body parts, and bone fragments of unidentified persons. In the proposed national DNA profile databank system, individual law-enforcement agencies (forensic laboratories) would contribute DNA profiles (without personal information) to a centralized databank, but retain absolute control of their own case records. The national databanks would reference the sources of the profiles, but case data would be secured and controlled by the state and local agencies.

In the national program, the FBI would play the lead role. It would coordinate quality assurance with a technical advisory group to implement appropriate guidelines; coordinate with other agencies that have a law-enforcement interest in the development of the databank; provide hardware and software for the databank server and for state access to the databank; provide hardware to store and back up the databank server; provide training for states in forensic DNA technology, quality control, and databank access; determine formats for databank input and output; update index with new state and federal submissions; assemble population data for all probes used and calculate and disseminate population frequencies; and modify the system to accommodate new DNA typing methods.

State and local agencies would be responsible for performing DNA analyses of samples with consensus methods; submitting new information in a specified format for incorporation into the databanks; guaranteeing the quality of their new submissions; providing hardware and software for state image-analysis workstations for telephone access to centralized index; maintaining centrally indexed case files for as long as they remain in the index; and providing relevant information from case files that are indexed centrally to other law-enforcement agencies, which subscribe when requested.

Just as the Department of Defense keeps dental records and fingerprints (with the FBI) of American soldiers, it is seeking funding to collect blood



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