databank samples, 113, 117, 118, 125-126, 143

Blood banks, 84

Blood groups, 10, 27, 32, 43, 44, 88

Blot dotting,

see Reverse dot hybridization

Bone, 121, 125, 126

Boolean searches, 18, 114

Buccal swabs, 118

Bureau of Justice Assistance, 103

C

Caldwell v. State, 140-141

California Association of Crime Laboratory Directors, 88, 89

Carryover contamination, 58-59, 66-67

Ceiling frequencies, 13, 82-83, 84, 90-93

Ceiling principle, 13, 14, 25, 82-85, 92, 93, 158

Cell repositories, 14, 90-91

Census categories, 12

Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humaine, 91

Certification of personnel, 16, 98, 100, 145, 153

Chain of custody, 131, 142

Civil cases, 20, 131-132

Cleavage sites, 38, 54

Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act, 17, 102, 107

Cobey v. State, 136

College of American Pathologists, 101-102, 107

Commonwealth v. Curnin, 141

Computer technology, 44, 48-49, 60, 61;

see also Networks

for databanks, 18, 113-114, 117, 123, 125

Confidence limits, 9, 14-15, 75-76, 92

Confidentiality,

see Privacy issues

Consequentialist ethical analysis, 24-25, 154, 156-157, 158

Constitutional issues, 20, 131, 143, 153

Contamination, 20, 52, 55, 131, 134

in PCR procedures, 65-67, 68, 70

in RFLP procedures, 58-59

Control primers, 70

Controls, in testing, 55, 57-58

for laboratory proficiency, 62-63

Convicted-felon DNA databanks, 17-20, 86-87, 111-129, 142-143, 155, 159, 160, 161

Cooperative services, 153

Coriell Institute of Medical Research, 91

Cost-benefit analysis,

see Economics

Credit-rating services, 18, 114

Criminal profile, 17-20, 86-87, 111-129, 142-143, 155, 159, 160

Criminal records, 18, 114

Custody cases, 20, 132

Cytosine, 2, 33

D

Databanks, 15, 104

access to, 18-19, 93-94, 123

allele frequency, 10, 74-75, 85-86, 91, 122, 124, 125

criminal profile, 17-20, 86-87, 111-129, 142-143, 155, 159, 160

and legal proceedings, 135, 139, 140, 141

privacy issues, 14, 17-20, 24-25, 32, 86-87, 113-116, 121-122, 155 -156, 158-160

samples, 112-113, 116-123, 125-126, 143

sequence variability, 44

see also Automated fingerprint identification systems;

Cell repositories;

Computer technology;

Networks

Defense counsels, 146, 147, 160, 161

Defense laboratories, 123

Demography,

see Ethnic groups; Subpopulations

Dental records, 125, 158

Department of Defense, 125-126

Department of Health and Human Services, 17, 107, 108

see also National Institutes of Health

Department of Justice, 17, 107, 108

see also Bureau of Justice Assistance;

Federal Bureau of



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