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  A Acronyms and Abbreviations ABoVE Arctic Boreal Vulnerability Experiment ACADIS Advanced Cooperative Arctic Data and Information Service ACIA Arctic Climate Impact Assessment AIRS Atmospheric Infrared Radiation Sounder AMOC Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation AMSR-E Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer – Earth Observing System AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit AOFB autonomous ocean flux buoys AON Arctic Observing Network APECS Association of Polar Early Career Scientists ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement AUV autonomous underwater vehicles CDR carbon dioxide removal CI cyberinfrastructure CMIP5 Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 CODAR coastal ocean dynamics applications radar CORS Continuously Operating Reference Station CRA Collaborative Research Action DoD Department of Defense ELOKA Exchange for Local Observations and Knowledge in the Arctic EOL Earth Observing Laboratory ET evapotranspiration GAO Government Accountability Office GCM global climate model GrIS Greenland Ice Sheet GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System GPM Global Precipitation Measurement PREPUBLICATION COPY  151

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152  Appendix A  GPS Global Positioning Satellite GRAV-D Gravity for the Redefinition of the American Vertical Datum HALIP High Arctic Large Igneous Province IARPC Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee IASC International Arctic Science Committee IASSA International Arctic Social Sciences Association InSAR Interferometric Synthetic Aperature Radar IOOS Integrated Ocean Observing System IMB Ice Mass Balance IPY International Polar Year ITP ice-tethered profilers LEDAPS Landsat Ecosystem Disturbance Adaptive Processing System LIP Large igneous province LTER Long-Term Ecological Research MIS Marine Isotope Stage MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NGA National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency NGEE Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiment NGS National Geodetic Survey NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NRC National Research Council NSF National Science Foundation NSIDC National Snow and Ice Data Center NSSI North Slope Science Initiative OOI Ocean Observing Initiative PacMARS Pacific Marine Arctic Regional Synthesis PETM Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) PREPUBLICATION COPY 

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Appendix A    153  PI principal investigator PPF polar profiling floats ROV remotely operated vehicles SAON Sustaining Arctic Observing Networks SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar SCTF Scientific Cooperation Task Force SEARCH Study of Environmental ARctic CHange SEES Science, Engineering, and Education for Sustainability SHEBA Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean SMAP Soil Moisture Active Passive SOAR Synthesis of Arctic Research SRM solar radiation management UAV unmanned aerial vehicles UCAR University Corporation for Atmospheric Research USARC U.S. Arctic Research Commission UV ultraviolet PREPUBLICATION COPY 

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