entific research, which can address many challenges of rapid environmental and social change in the region. Effective research partnerships have led to major advances in marine mammalogy (e.g., Noongwook et al., 2007; Thewissen et al., 2011) and meteorology (e.g., Weatherhead et al., 2010), the emergence of traditional knowledge as an important topic of study (e.g., Huntington, 2011), and an increase in the number of scientists and scholars who come from Arctic communities. Arctic researchers, similarly, are increasingly interested in making connections with Arctic residents to incorporate traditional knowledge and observations and also to share the results of their work (Figure 4.7).
These trends are encouraging, and yet the Arctic research community has only begun to tap the potential for involving Arctic residents as well as citizen science practitioners who do not live in the Arctic but are still interested in Arctic topics. Arctic residents are alone in observing their environment throughout the entire year, year after year. They all have a lifetime of knowledge from their own observations as well
FIGURE 4.7 Warren Matumeak (left) and Andy Mahoney (right) discussing sea ice conditions near Barrow while examining a satellite image. SOURCE: Henry Huntington.