TABLE 1-2 Summative Assessment Discussion Question: From the Perspective of Assessment of Learning, What Do You Think Makes a Good Assessment Tool/Measure?a


Underappreciated Elements of a Good Assessment Description of Element Workshop Participant

Knowing the context Who the communication is with; who it is between; and for what purpose Carol Aschenbrener
Standardized metrics Include assessment of mutual respect, empathy, compassion, and professionalism across the different professions Patricia Hinton Walker
Standardized tools Indirect observation assessments Nelson Sewankambo
Safety Use clinical simulation to assess safety but be cognizant of embedded biases Meg Gaines
Hawthorne effect with assessments in simulation People act differently knowing their performance is being watched Scott Reeves
Identify the educational goals Align assessments with current educational goals Carol Aschenbrener

aThis table presents opportunities discussed by one or more workshop participants. During the workshop, all participants engaged in active discussions about opportunities. In some cases, participants expressed differing opinions. Because this is a summary of workshop comments and not meant to provide consensus recommendations, the workshop rapporteur endeavored to include all opportunities discussed by workshop participants as presented by the group leaders who were informed by the group discussions. This table and its content should be attributed to the rapporteur of this summary as informed by the workshop.

of Wisconsin Law School took this point a step further, saying that it was an ethical imperative to speak up.

This topic resonated with the Forum’s public health representative John Finnegan from the Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health (ASPPH), who was reminded of the 2005 Joint Commission report that cited communication failures as the leading root cause for medical errors (Joint Commission Resources, Inc., 2005). This does not mean the wrong information was always transmitted; rather, oftentimes nothing was said due to a fear of retribution. Regardless of how well learners are trained, said Finnegan, dangerous situations leading to medical errors will persist if



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