References

Arterburn, D. E., M. L. Maciejewski, and J. Tsevat. 2005. Impact of morbid obesity on medical expenditures in adults. International Journal of Obesity (London) 29(3):334-339.

Bassett, D. R., E. C. Fitzhugh, G. W. Heath, P. C. Erwin, G. M. Frederick, D. L. Wolff, W. A. Welch, and A. B. Stout. 2013. Estimated energy expenditures for school-based policies and active living. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 44(2):108-113.

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 1999. Achievements in public health, 1900-1999: Tobacco use—United States, 1900-1999. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 48(43):986-993.

CDC. 2011. School health guidelines to promote healthy eating and physical activity. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 60(5):1-76.

CDC. 2012. Spectrum of opportunities for obesity prevention in the early care and education setting. Atlanta, GA: CDC.

Finkelstein, E. A, J. G. Trogdon, J. W. Cohen, and W. Dietz. 2009. Annual medical spending attributable to obesity: Payer- and service-specific estimates. Health Affairs (Millwood) 28(5):w822-w831.

Flegal, K. M., M. D. Carroll, B. K. Kit, and C. L. Ogden. 2012. Prevalence of obesity and trends in the distribution of body mass index among US adults, 1999-2010. Journal of the American Medical Association 307(5):491-497.

Flynn, M. A., D. A. McNeil, B. Maloff, D. Mutasingwa, M. Wu, C. Ford, S. C. Tough. 2006. Reducing obesity and related chronic disease risk in children and youth: A synthesis of evidence with “best practice” recommendations. Obesity Reviews 7(Suppl 1):7-66.

Folz, J. L., A. L. May, B. Belay, A. J. Nihiser, C. A. Dooyema, and H. M. Blanck. 2012. Population-level intervention strategies and examples for obesity prevention in children. Annual Review of Nutrition 32:391-415.

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2006. Food marketing to children and youth: Threat or opportunity? Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

IOM. 2007a. Nutrition standards for foods in schools: Leading the way toward healthier youth. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.



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References Arterburn, D. E., M. L. Maciejewski, and J. Tsevat. 2005. Impact of morbid obesity on medi- cal expenditures in adults. International Journal of Obesity (London) 29(3):334-339. Bassett, D. R., E. C. Fitzhugh, G. W. Heath, P. C. Erwin, G. M. Frederick, D. L. Wolff, W. A. Welch, and A. B. Stout. 2013. Estimated energy expenditures for school-based policies and active living. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 44(2):108-113. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 1999. Achievements in public health, 1900-1999: Tobacco use—United States, 1900-1999. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 48(43):986-993. CDC. 2011. School health guidelines to promote healthy eating and physical activity. Morbid- ity and Mortality Weekly Report 60(5):1-76. CDC. 2012. Spectrum of opportunities for obesity prevention in the early care and education setting. Atlanta, GA: CDC. Finkelstein, E. A, J. G. Trogdon, J. W. Cohen, and W. Dietz. 2009. Annual medical spending attributable to obesity: Payer- and service-specific estimates. Health Affairs (Millwood) 28(5):w822-w831. Flegal, K. M., M. D. Carroll, B. K. Kit, and C. L. Ogden. 2012. Prevalence of obesity and trends in the distribution of body mass index among US adults, 1999-2010. Journal of the American Medical Association 307(5):491-497. Flynn, M. A., D. A. McNeil, B. Maloff, D. Mutasingwa, M. Wu, C. Ford, S. C. Tough. 2006. Reducing obesity and related chronic disease risk in children and youth: A synthesis of evidence with “best practice” recommendations. Obesity Reviews 7(Suppl 1):7-66. Folz, J. L., A. L. May, B. Belay, A. J. Nihiser, C. A. Dooyema, and H. M. Blanck. 2012. Population-level intervention strategies and examples for obesity prevention in children. Annual Review of Nutrition 32:391-415. IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2006. Food marketing to children and youth: Threat or oppor- tunity? Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2007a. Nutrition standards for foods in schools: Leading the way toward healthier youth. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. 63

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64 CURRENT STATE OF OBESITY SOLUTIONS IOM. 2007b. Progress in preventing childhood obesity: How do we measure up? Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2007c. Joint U.S.-Mexico workshop on preventing obesity in children and youth of Mexican origin: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2009a. Local government actions to prevent childhood obesity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2009b. School meals: Building blocks for healthy children. Washington, DC: The Na- tional Academies Press. IOM. 2010a. Child and adult care food program: Aligning dietary guidance for all. Washing- ton, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2010b. Bridging the evidence gap in obesity prevention: A framework to inform decision making. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2011a. Early childhood obesity prevention policies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2011b. Hunger and obesity: Understanding a food insecurity paradigm: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2012a. Accelerating progress in obesity prevention: Solving the weight of the nation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2012b. Measuring progress in obesity prevention: Workshop report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2012c. Alliances for obesity prevention: Finding common ground. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2013a. Educating the student body: Taking physical activity and physical education to school. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2013b. Evaluating obesity prevention efforts: A plan for measuring progress. Washing- ton, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2013c. Creating equal opportunities for a healthy weight: Workshop summary. Wash- ington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM. 2013d. Challenges and opportunities for change in food marketing to children and youth: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Ogden, C. L., M. D. Carroll, B. K. Kit, and K. M. Flegal. 2012. Prevalence of obesity in the United States, 2009-2010. NCHS Data Brief (82):1-8. Powell, J. A. 2009. Post-racialism or targeted universalism? Denver University Law Review 86:785-806. Wang, Y. C., S. L. Gortmaker, and E. M. Taveras. 2011. Trends and racial/ethnic disparities in severe obesity among US children and adolescents, 1976–2006. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 6(1):12-20. Wang, Y. C., C. T. Orleans, and S. L. Gortmaker. 2012. Reaching the healthy people goals for reducing childhood obesity: Closing the energy gap. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 42(5):437-444. Wang, Y. C., A. Hsiao, C. T. Orleans, and S. L. Gortmaker. 2013. The caloric calculator: Av- erage caloric impact of childhood obesity interventions. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 45(2):e3-e13. Waters, E., A. de Silva-Sanigorski, B. J. Hall, T. Brown, K. J. Campbell, Y. Gao, R. Armstrong, L. Prosser, and C. D. Summerbell. 2011. Interventions for preventing obesity in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (12):CD001871.