Integrated Computational Materials Engineering
ICME is “the integration of materials information, captured in computational tools, with engineering product performance analysis and manufacturing-process simulation” (NRC, Integrated Computational Materials Engineering, p. 9). It is a process by which materials, manufacturing processes, and component design can be optimized long before the components are fabricated (see Figure B-2). It is considered a promising emerging discipline that is still under development.
FIGURE B-2 An ICME system unifies materials information into a holistic system that is linked by means of a software integration tool to a designer knowledge base containing tools and models from other engineering disciplines.
SOURCE: NRC, Integrated Computational Materials Engineering: A Transformational Discipline for Improved Competitiveness and National Security. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2008.