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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This study was supported by Contract/Grant No. W911NF-11-C-0212 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Department of Defense. Any opinions, findings, or conclusions expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-30379-8
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-30379-6

Cover image: Big Data is partially driven by today’s ever increasing ability to electronically generate and store data. Big Data is also requiring ever increasing computational power to fully mine and understand the data. Thus, beside Big Data itself, at the core of this topic is today’s materials research and development enabling the bootstrapping of the complex electronic materials needed for the computations. Artist: Erik Svedberg. Image created electronically and algorithmically.

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