Related Tables

A:

Top 25 Science and Engineering Degree-Granting Institutions, 1980-1990

128

B:

NSF Graduate Fellowship Program Applications and Awards, by Sex, 1985-1991

130

C:

NSF Graduate Fellowship Program Applications by Women, by Ethnic Group, 1989-1991

134

D:

NSF Graduate Fellowship Program Awards to Women, by Ethnic Group, 1989-1991

136

E:

NSF Minority Graduate Fellowship Program Applications by Women, by Ethnic Group, 1989-1991

138

F:

NSF Minority Graduate Fellowship Program Awards to Women, by Ethnic Group, 1989-1991

140



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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s Related Tables A: Top 25 Science and Engineering Degree-Granting Institutions, 1980-1990 128 B: NSF Graduate Fellowship Program Applications and Awards, by Sex, 1985-1991 130 C: NSF Graduate Fellowship Program Applications by Women, by Ethnic Group, 1989-1991 134 D: NSF Graduate Fellowship Program Awards to Women, by Ethnic Group, 1989-1991 136 E: NSF Minority Graduate Fellowship Program Applications by Women, by Ethnic Group, 1989-1991 138 F: NSF Minority Graduate Fellowship Program Awards to Women, by Ethnic Group, 1989-1991 140

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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s TABLE A: Top 25 Science and Engineering Doctorate-Granting Institutions, 1980-1990 Institution 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 Total 1980-1990 TOTAL, MALE                         Calif, U-Berkeley 439 384 432 411 422 421 427 408 457 492 471 4764 Ill, U, Urbana-Champ 355 354 312 327 325 354 305 362 367 377 408 3846 Mass Inst Technology 326 325 343 347 337 350 357 356 404 390 393 3928 Cornell Univ/NY 276 270 259 281 264 262 284 285 263 284 347 3075 Wisconsin, U-Madison 321 316 349 315 317 353 326 369 362 370 342 3740 Stanford Univ/CA 278 318 284 259 305 269 334 327 348 333 323 3378 Purdue University/IN 260 285 249 251 261 249 252 230 253 282 312 2884 Minnesota, U-Minneapolis 223 231 232 208 238 265 289 210 259 269 300 2724 Michigan, Univ of 239 236 241 268 259 287 256 249 268 268 290 2861 Texas, U-Austin 168 185 185 175 174 193 238 257 250 245 283 2353 Calif, U-Los Angeles 228 261 232 237 218 216 198 200 256 231 271 2548 Ohio Stale Univ 238 195 239 223 205 235 231 250 228 278 264 2586 Texas A&M University 182 169 158 168 196 192 186 215 212 246 242 2166 Michigan State Univ 233 230 249 237 197 194 180 199 188 220 220 2347 Penn State Univ 181 182 193 204 196 191 182 191 205 228 219 2172 Florida, Univ of 137 134 112 154 166 176 162 173 179 184 213 1790 Harvard Univ/MA 195 180 179 195 179 155 178 172 181 164 209 1987 Maryland, Univ of 135 120 129 129 139 138 147 150 149 165 206 1607 Washington, U of 174 185 194 192 174 171 191 202 198 205 201 2087 NC State U-Raleigh 98 106 140 141 143 135 155 147 162 167 199 1593 Arizona, Univ of 145 133 154 151 168 143 139 169 171 184 184 1741 Calif, U-Davis 184 200 151 229 184 155 170 162 182 192 178 1987 Iowa Slate Univ 168 184 176 157 161 166 168 207 191 181 170 1929 Northwestern Univ/IL 125 139 151 130 135 161 147 149 159 184 168 1648 VA Poly Inst&State U 101 117 111 133 132 140 146 151 150 207 166 1554

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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s Institution 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 Total 1980-1990 TOTAL, FEMALE                         Calif, U-Berkeley 101 99 110 108 95 128 136 126 128 166 136 1333 Wisconsin, U-Madison 79 73 93 83 82 105 87 84 117 115 118 1036 Calif, U-Los Angeles 86 69 78 74 78 80 84 88 107 103 111 958 Cornell Univ/NY 54 63 69 74 87 75 87 82 114 111 108 924 Ill, U, Urbana-Champ 39 57 46 55 56 88 78 72 77 91 106 765 Minnesota, U-Minneapol 68 85 59 67 74 71 92 100 78 91 103 888 Ohio State Univ 62 79 66 70 64 88 66 72 79 93 102 841 Maryland, Univ of 40 52 73 63 70 72 66 70 56 79 95 736 Michigan, Univ of 53 79 82 108 89 84 92 95 76 67 92 917 Stanford Univ/CA 49 40 55 49 59 65 59 78 63 79 88 684 Mass Inst Technology 46 59 48 65 52 71 85 80 85 79 85 755 Pennsylvania, U of 46 58 75 72 77 50 58 81 73 78 85 753 Texas, U-Austin 51 43 49 53 53 62 60 73 76 84 84 688 CUNY-Grad Sch&U Ctr 48 58 54 61 62 48 65 73 79 78 82 708 Washington, U of 54 46 52 57 63 50 58 60 81 67 82 670 NC, U of-Chapel Hill 66 51 42 63 49 56 42 61 65 53 81 629 Columbia Univ/NY 85 68 62 63 78 73 81 65 72 86 79 812 Purdue University/IN 37 41 39 54 47 59 68 70 49 66 71 601 Rutgers Univ/NJ 35 61 35 54 46 44 47 58 53 64 68 565 Northwestern Univ/IL 53 45 42 49 53 57 60 62 61 75 66 623 Michigan State Univ 48 49 56 62 53 46 62 59 80 67 66 648 New York University 83 74 82 66 75 70 68 74 70 55 65 782 Penn State Univ 34 51 47 57 47 43 55 60 55 61 63 573 Texas A&M University 29 26 22 34 31 29 42 42 41 64 63 423 Mass, U of-Amherst 42 36 37 43 48 46 48 45 48 52 61 506   SOURCE: National Science Foundation, unpublished data.

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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s TABLE B: NSF Graduate Fellowship Program Applications and Awards, by Sex, 1985-1991 Discipline 1985 1986 1987   Men Women Men Women Men Total Applicants           N 2776 1614 3063 1816 2924 % 63.2 36.8 62.8 37.2 61.9 Biochemistry* 246 167 243 186 262 59.6 40.4 56.6 43.4 58. 1 Biology 298 274 304 297 285 52.1 42.9 50.6 49.4 52.1 Chemistry 219 118 269 110 230 65.0 35.0 71.0 29.0 64.8 Earth Sciences 151 88 134 90 110 63.2 36.8 59.8 40.2 62.5 Applied Math/Statistics 80 39 68 32 73 67.2 32.8 68.0 32.0 52.9 Mathematics 105 43 116 48 134 70.9 29.1 70.7 29.3 70.5 Physics and Astronomy 309 44 298 54 250 87.5 12.5 84.7 15.3 81.2 Behavioral Sciences** 397 436 467 508 468 47.7 52.3 47.9 52.1 49.2 Biomedical Sciences 154 208 171 214 166 42.5 57.5 44.4 55.6 43.5 Computer Science 182 54 236 64 221 77.1 22.9 78.7 21.3 76.5 Engineering 635 143 757 213 725 81.6 18.4 78.0 22.0 77.1

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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s Discipline   1988 1989 1990 1991   Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Total Applicants                   N 1802 3145 2006 3238 2129 3629 2680 4145 3201 % 38.1 61.1 38.9 60.3 39.7 57.5 42.5 56.4 43.6 Biochemistry* 189 257 230 261 254 268 249 276 256 41.9 52.8 47.2 50.7 49.3 51.8 48.2 51.9 48.1 Biology 262 299 303 263 335 288 350 369 432 47.9 49.7 50.3 44.0 56.0 45.1 54.9 46.1 53.9 Chemistry 125 246 156 220 149 237 149 272 174 35.2 61.2 38.8 59.6 40.4 61.4 38.6 61.0 39.0 Earth Sciences 66 117 56 125 57 117 83 116 124 37.5 67.6 32.4 68.7 31.3 58.5 41.5 48.3 51.7 Applied Math/Statistics 65 71 55 90 47 82 69 100 87 47.1 56.3 43.7 65.7 34.3 54.3 45.7 53.5 46.5 Mathematics 56 134 45 127 52 157 67 132 90 29.5 74.9 25.1 70.9 29.1 70.1 29.9 59.5 40.5 Physics and Astronomy 58 324 56 367 78 396 86 404 99 18.8 85.3 14.7 82.5 17.5 82.2 17.8 80.3 19.7 Behavioral Sciences** 483 483 565 513 620 628 690 627 780 50.8 46.1 53.9 45.3 54.7 47.6 52.4 44.6 55.4 Biomedical Sciences 216 196 261 164 212 188 261 195 311 56.5 42.9 57.1 43.6 56.4 41.9 58.1 38.5 61.5 Computer Science 68 223 48 244 67 254 88 282 67 23.5 82.3 17.7 78.5 21.5 74.3 25.7 80.8 19.2 Engineering 215 795 231 864 258 1014 588 1280 692 22.9 77.5 22.5 77.0 23.0 63.3 36.7 64.9 35.1

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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s Discipline 1985 1986 1987   Men Women Men Women Men Total Awards           N 362 178 332 173 327 % 67.0 33.0 66.0 34.0 65.0 Biochemistry* 32 16 21 22 27 66.7 33.3 48.8 51.2 54.0 Biology 32 40 28 29 29 44.4 55.6 49.1 50.9 54.7 Chemistry 32 9 33 8 27 78.0 22.0 80.5 19.5 73.0 Earth Sciences 20 9 17 9 11 69.0 31.0 65.4 34.6 64.7 Applied Math/Statistics 14 1 8 1 10 93.3 6.7 88.9 11.1 67.7 Mathematics 19 1 16 2 21 75.0 5.0 88.9 11.1 95.5 Physics and Astronomy 39 6 34 6 32 86.7 13.3 85.0 15.0 86.5 Behavioral Sciences** 50 50 50 47 55 50/0 50.0 51.5 48.5 55.6 Biomedical Sciences 15 28 16 18 14 42.5 57.5 44.4 55.6 43.5 Computer Science 27 3 27 6 21 90.0 10.0 81.8 18.2 61.8 Engineering 82 15 82 25 80 84.5 15.5 76.6 23.4 73.4 * Includes biochemistry, biophysics, and molecular biology. ** Prior to 1991, this field included psychology, economics, and sociology. Because the disaggregation of behavioral sciences——into (1) anthropology, sociology, and linguistics; (2) economics, urban planning, and history of science; (3) political science, international relations, and geography; and (4) psychology did not occur until 1991, a single category is used here. SOURCE: Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel.

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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s Discipline   1988 1989 1990 1991   Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Total Awards                   N 178 440 245 489 271 494 357 556 394 % 35.0 64.0 36.0 64.3 35.7 58.0 42.0 58.5 41.5 Biochemistry* 23 31 35 36 36 38 25 31 31 46.0 47.0 53.0 50.0 50.0 60.3 39.7 50.0 50.0 Biology 24 41 32 35 44 28 47 40 53 45.3 56.2 43.8 44.3 55.7 37.3 62.7 43.0 57.0 Chemistry 10 31 23 35 19 29 20 41 16 27.0 57.4 42.6 64.8 35.2 59.2 40.8 71.9 28.1 Earth Sciences 6 16 8 15 8 17 9 13 16 35.3 66.7 33.3 65.2 34.8 65.4 34.6 44.8 55.2 Applied Math/Statistics 5 13 4 16 6 18 4 18 4 33.3 76.5 23.5 72.7 27.3 81.8 18.2 81.8 18.2 Mathematics 1 25 3 26 4 28 6 22 10 4.5 89.3 10.7 86.7 13.3 82.4 17.6 68.8 31.2 Physics and Astronomy 5 54 5 62 13 59 9 57 13 13.5 91.5 8.5 82.7 17.3 86.8 13.2 81.4 18.6 Behavioral Sciences** 44 64 68 79 65 62 46 92 89 44.4 48.5 51.2 54.9 45.1 57.4 42.6 50.8 49.2 Biomedical Sciences 19 16 31 13 28 19 25 23 30 56.5 42.9 57.1 31.7 68.3 43.2 56.8 43.4 56.6 Computer Science 13 34 6 40 10 34 11 40 5 38.2 85.0 15.0 80.0 20.0 75.6 24.4 88.9 11.1 Engineering 29 115 30 132 38 106 76 179 127 26.6 79.3 20.7 77.6 22.4 58.2 41.8 58.5 41.5 Because the disaggregation of behavioral sciences–into (1) anthropology, sociol- (3) political science, international relations, and geography; and (4) psychology

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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s TABLE C: NSF Graduate Fellowship Program Applications by Women, by Ethnic Group, 1989-1991 Discipline American Indian Asian Black White Pacific Islander   1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1990 1990 1990 Grand Total, Women 2129 2680 3201 2129 2680 3201 2129 2680 3201 2129 2680 3201 2129 2680 3201 Ethnic Subtotal 12 19 25 136 161 191 198 23S 356 1608 2082 2373 18 19 17 .6 .7 .8 6.4 6.0 6.0 9.3 8.8 11.1 75.5 77.7 74.1 .8 .7 .5 Biochemistry 1 1 1 24 22 27 16 17 21 194 196 192 3 1 1       1.1 .8 8 .8 .6 .7 9.1 7.3 6.0 .1     Biology 2 1 4 8 12 12 20 14 73 283 298 365 4 2 1 .1   .1 .4 .4 .4 .9 .5 .7 13.3 11.1 11.4 .2 .1   Chemistry   1 1 7 12 16 13 12 12 123 113 130 3 1 1       .3 4 .5 .6 .4 .4 5.8 4.2 4.1 .1     Earth Sciences   2 4 1 1 3 5 1 2 48 73 108     1   .1 1     .1 .2   .1 2.3 2.7 3.4       Applied Math/Statistics   1 1 5 6 6 6 8 17 32 53 58     1       .2 .2 .2 .3 .3 .5 1.5 2.0 1.8       Mathematics     1   1 4 7 3 6 44 57 73   2             .1 .3 .1 2 2.1 2.1 2.3   .1   Physics and Astronomy       9 8 8 1 3 4 63 73 84   1         .4 .3 .2   . 1 .1 3.0 2.7 2.6       Behavioral Sciences 7 7 6 30 23 39 71 88 121 447 518 613 4 3 5 .3 .3 .2 1.4 .9 1.2 3.3 3.3 3.8 210 19.3 19.2 .2 .1 .2 Biomedical Sciences 1 2 1 10 8 13 29 28 39 149 201 226 1 1 2   .1   .5 .3 .4 1.4 1.0 1.2 7.0 7.5 7.1     .1 Computer Sciences     2 8 6 3 9 17 14 44 61 41 2 1 1     .1 .4 .2 .1 .4 .6 .4 2.1 2.3 1.3 .1     Engineering 1 4 4 34 62 60 21 44 97 181 439 483 1 7 4   .1 .1 1.6 2.3 1.9 1.0 1.6 3.0 8.:5 16.4 15.1   .3 .1

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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s Discipline Mexican American Puerto Rican Cuban Other Hispanic Unspecified   1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 Grand Total 2129 2680 3201 2129 2680 3201 2129 2680 3201 2129 2680 3201 2129 2680 3201 Ethnic Subtotal 41 53 66 50 37 64 1 8 21 45 41 64 20 25 24 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.3 1.4 2.0   .3 .7 2.1 1.5 2.0 .9 .9 .7 Biochemistry 3 4 4 7 4 4     1 3 3 2 3 1 3 .1 .1 .1 .3 .1 .1       .1 .1 .1 .1   .1 Biology 6 10 8 3 4 3     4 6 5 9 3 4 3 .3 .4 .2 .1 .1 .1     .1 .3 .2 .3 .1 .1 .1 Chemistry 1   4 1 6 6   1 1   2 2 1 1 1   . 1   .2 .2           .1 .1     Earth Sciences   1 2 2 3 2     1   1 1 1 1       .1 .1 .1 .1                   Applied Math/Statistics 1 1 1     1       2     1   2                   .1         .1 Mathematics     2     2 1       2 2   2       .1     .1         .1 .1   .1   Physics and Astronomy 2 1 1     1       1   1 2     .1                       .1     Behavioral Sciences 13 22 27 21 7 21   3 7 22 9 24 5 10 6 .6 .8 .8 10 .3 .7   .1 .2 1.0 .3 .7 .2 .4 .2 Biomedical Sciences 4 7 6 11 7 13   1   5 6 9 2   2 .2 .3 .2 .5 .3 .4       .2 .2 .3 .1   .1 Computer Sciences 1   1 2   2     1 1 2 1     1       .1   .1         .1         Engineering 10 7 10 3 6 9   3 6 5 10 13 2 6 6 .5 .3 .3 .1 .2 .3   .1 .2 .2 .4 .4 .1 .2 .2 * Includes biochemistry, biophysics, and molecular biology. ** Prior to 1991, this field included psychology, economics, and sociology. Because the disaggregation of behavioral science——into (1) anthropology, sociology, and linguistics; (2) economics, urban planning, and history of science: (3) political science, international relations, and geography; and (4) psychology——did not occur until 1991, a single category is used here. SOURCE: Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel.

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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s TABLE D: NSF Graduate Fellowship Program Awards to Women, by Ethnic Group, 1989-1991 Discipline American Indian Asian Black White Pacific Islander   1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 Grand Total, Women 271 357 394 271 357 394 271 357 394 271 357 394 271 357 394 Ethnic Subtotal     2 31 36 39 1 5 2 231 307 314 2 3       .5 11.4 10.1 9.9 .4 1.4 .5 85.2 86 0 84.8 .7 .8   Biochemistry       3 3 7   1 1 31 21 21 1           1.1 .8 18   .3 .3 11.4 5.9 5.3 .4     Biology       2 1 1 1     40 43 50 1           .7 .3 .3 .4     14.8 12.0 12.7 4     Chemistry       1 4 2       16 16 13             1.1 1.1 .5       5.9 4.5 3.3       Earth Sciences                   8 9 16                         3.0 2.5 4.1       Applied Math/Statistics         2         6 2 4       .   .   6         2.2 6 1.0       Mathematics           1       4 6 8       .         .3       1.5 1.7 2.0       Physics and Astronomy       2 2 3       11 7 10             .7 .6 .8       4.1 2.0 2.5       Behavioral Sciences     1 6 4 9   2   56 68 73           .3 2.2 1.1 2.3   .6   20.7 19.0 18.5       Biomedical Sciences       1   2       25 25 28             .4   .5       9.2 7.0 7.1       Computer Sciences       5 1 1       5 10 4             1.8 .3 .3       1.8 2.8 1.0       Engineering     1 9 19 13   2 1 29 100 107   3       .3 3.3 5.3 3.3   .6 .3 10.7 28.0 27.2   .8  

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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s Discipline Mexican American Puerto Rican Cuban Other Hispanic Unspecified   1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 Grand Total, Women 271 357 394 271 357 394 271 357 394 271 357 394 271 357 394 Ethnic Subtotal 2   5 2         1   2 7 2 4 4 .7   1.3 .7         .3   .6 1.8 .7 1.1 1.0 Biochemistry 1   1                       1 .4   .3                       .3 Biology                     1 2   2                       .3 .5   6   Chemistry                 1                             .3             Earth Sciences                               Applied Math/Statistics                               Mathematics                       1                             .3       Physics and Astronomy                               Behavioral Sciences     2 2             1 2 1   2     .5 .7             .3 .5 .4   .5 Biomedical Sciences 1                       1     .4                       .4     Computer Sciences                               Engineering     2                 2   2 1     .5                 .5   .6 .3 * Includes biochemistry, biophysics, and molecular biology. ** Prior to 1991, this field included psychology, economics, and sociology. Because the disaggregation of behavioral sciences——into (1) anthropology——did not occur and linguistics; (2) economics, urban planning, and history of science; (3) political science, international relations, and geography; and (4) psychology——did not occur until 1991, a single category is used here. SOURCE: Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel.

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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s TABLE E: NSF Minority Graduate Fellowship Program Applications by Women, by Ethnic Group, 1989-1991 Discipline American Indian Alaskan Native Black Pacific Islander   1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 Grand Total, Women 398 436 644 398 436 644 398 436 644 398 436 644 Ethnic Subtotal 15 20 21   1 1 219 257 384 17 14 17 3.8 4.6 3.3   .2 .2 55.0 58.9 59.6 4.3 3.2 2.6 Biochemistry/ Biophysics Biology 3 3 2       49 53 64 3 2 3 .8 .7 .3       12.3 12.2 9.9 .8 .5 .5 3 2 4     1 20 15 30 3 2 1 .8 .5 .6     .2 5.0 3.4 4.7 .8 .5 .2 Chemistry/Earth Sciences Physics/Math/ Astronomy   3 4       20 1 7 18 4 1 4   .7 .6       5.0 3.9 2.8 1.0 .2 .6   1 3       26 32 42 2 3 2   .2 .5       6.5 7.3 6.5 .5 .7 .3 Behavioral Sciences 8 8 5     1 81 95 135 4 3 4 2.0 1.8 .8     .2 20.4 21.8 21.0 1.0 .7 .6 Engineering 1 3 3       23 45 95 1 3 3 .3 .7 .5       5.8 10.3 14.8 .3 .7 5

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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s Discipline Mexican American Puerto Rican Cuban Other Hispanic   1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 Grand Total, Women 398 436 644 398 436 644 398 436 644 398 436 644 Ethnic Subtotal 41 56 71 54 42 73 3 8 22 49 38 55 10.3 12.8 11.0 13.6 9.6 11.3 .8 1.8 3.4 12.3 8.7 8.5 Biochemistry/ Biophysics Biology 6 10 11 19 13 18   1 2 9 8 10 1.5 2.3 1.7 4.8 3.0 2.8   .2 .3 2.3 1.8 1.6 6 11 9 4 5 5     4 7 5 7 1.5 2.5 1.4 1.0 1.1 .8     .6 1.8 1.1 1.1 Chemistry/Earth Sciences Physics/Math/ Astronomy 1 1 6 5 9 10   1 1   3 2 .3 .2 .9 1.3 2.1 1.6   .2 .2   .7 .3 4 2 6 2 1 7 2   2 3 4 2 1.0 .5 .9 .5 .2 1.1 .5   .3 .8 .9 .3 Behavioral Sciences 14 25 31 20 8 23 1 3 7 25 8 23 3.5 5.7 4.8 5.0 1.8 3.6 .3 .7 1. 1 6.3 1.8 3.6 Engineering 10 7 8 4 6 10   3 6 5 10 1 l 2.5 1.6 1.2 1.0 1.4 1.6   .7 .9 1.3 2.3 1.7 * Includes biochemistry, biophysics, and molecular biology. ** Prior to 1991, this field included psychology, economics, and sociology. Because the disaggregation of behavioral sciences——into (1) anthropology, sociology, and linguistics; (2) economies, urban planning, and history of science; (3) political science, international relations, and geography; and (4) psychology——did not occur until 1991, a single category is used here. SOURCE: Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel.

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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s TABLE F: NSF Minority Graduate Fellowship Program Awards to Women, by Ethnic Group, 1989-1991 Discipline American Indian Alaskan Native Black Pacific Islander   1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 Grand Total, Women 42 61 63 42 61 63 42 61 63 42 61 63 Ethnic Subtotal 2 4 4   1   17 25 27 1 4 4 4.8 6.6 6.3   1.6   40.5 41.0 42.9 2.4 6.6 6.3 Biochemistry/ Biophysics Biology 1           3 5 3 1 1   2.4           7.1 8.2 4.8 2.4 1.6               1   1   1               2.4   1.6   1.6   Chemistry/Earth Sciences Physics/Math/ Astronomy   1 1       3   1     1   1.6 1.6       7.1   1.6     1.6     2       1 3 3           3.2       2.4 4.9 4.8       Behavioral Sciences   1 1   1   7 9 10   1 1   1.6 1.6   1.6   16.7 14.8 15.9   1.6 1.6 Engineering 1 2         2 8 9   1 2 2.4 3.3         4.8 13.1 14.3   1.6 3.2

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Women in Science and Engineering: Increasing their Numbers in the 1990s Discipline Mexican American Puerto Rican Cuban Other Hispanic   1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 1989 1990 1991 Grand Total, Women 42 61 63 42 61 63 42 61 63 42 61 63 Ethnic Subtotal 6 8 7 4 6 5 1 4 4 11 9 12 14.3 13.1 11, 1 9.5 9.8 7.9 2.4 6.6 6.3 26.2 14.8 19.0 Biochemistry/ Biophysics Biology 1 3 2 2 1 1       1 1   2.4 4.9 3.2 4.8 1.6 1.6       2.4 1.6   2 1 1           2 1 2 3   4.8 1.6 1.6         3.2 2.4 3.3 4.8 Chemistry/Earth Sciences Physics/Math/ Astronomy       1 1     1       1       2.4 1 .6     1 .6       1.6     1             1   2     1.6             2.4   3.2 Behavioral Sciences 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 1   6 1 3 2.4 3.3 4.8 2.4 3.3 4.8 2.4 1.6   14.3 1.6 4.8 Engineering 2 2     2 1   2 2 2 5 3 4.8 3.3     3.3 1.6   3.3 3.2 4.8 8.2 4.8 * Includes biochemistry, biophysics, and molecular biology. ** Prior to 1991, this field included psychology, economics, and sociology. Because the disaggregation of behavioral sciences —— into (1) anthropology, sociology, and linguistics; (2) economics, urban planning, and history of science; (3) political science, international relations, and geography; and (4) psychology —— did not occur until 1991, a single category is used here. SOURCE: Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel.

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