Do you think that NASA should focus mainly or exclusively on human spaceflight, mainly or exclusively on robotic space exploration, or a combination of both?

Stakeholder group
1 % 2 % 3 % 4 % 5 % 6 % 7 % 8 % Total %
Mainly or exclusively human spaceflight     2     1.92     2     1.01     0     0     0     0     1     0.34     0     0     0     0     1     2.17     6     0.54
Mainly or exclusively robotic space exploration   20   19.2   78   39.4   14   15.6 123   46.6 108   36.7   25   35.2     9   17     1     2.17 376   34.1
A combination of both human spaceflight and robotic space exploration   80   76.9 115   58.1   75   83.3 134   50.8 182   61.9   46   64.8   44   83   41   89.1 703   63.7
DON’T KNOW     0     0     0     0     0     0     1     0.38     0     0     0     0     0     0     0     0     1     0.09
REFUSED     2     1.92     3     1.52     1     1.11     6     2.27     3     1.02     0     0     0     0     3     6.52   18     1.63

Do you think that NASA or the private sector should take the lead on each of the following activities over the next 20 years:

Space exploration for scientific research

Stakeholder group
1 % 2 % 3 % 4 % 5 % 6 % 7 % 8 % Total %
NASA   98   94.2 194   98   85   94.4 246   93.2 282   95.9   68   95.8   50   94.3   40   87 1048   94.9
Private sector     2     1.92     3     1.52     3     3.33     5     1.89     6     2.04     1     1.41     2     3.77     1     2.17   22     1.99
Neither     2     1.92     0     0     1     1.11     3     1.14     3     1.02     2     2.82     1     1.89     1     2.17   13     1.18
DON’T KNOW     0     0     0     0     0     0     1     0.38     0     0     0     0     0     0     0     0     1     0.09
REFUSED     2     1.92     1     0.51     1     1.11     9     3.41     3     1.02     0     0     0     0     4     8.7   20     1.81


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement