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OCR for page 244
F Acronyms and Abbreviations AES Advanced Exploration Systems AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory AMS Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer ARM Asteroid Redirect Mission ASPCO Asian Pacific Space Cooperation Organization ASTP Apollo-Soyuz Test Project ATV Automated Transfer Vehicle BEO beyond Earth orbit BLEO beyond low Earth orbit CAIB Columbia Accident Investigation Board CASIS Center for the Advancement of Science in Space CCDev Commercial Crew Development CHIP Children’s Health Insurance Program DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy DRA Design Reference Architecture DRM Design Reference Mission ECLSS Environmental, Control, and Life Support Systems EDL entry, descent, and landing EFT Exploration Flight Test ELIPS European Programme for Life and Physical Science in Space EM Exploration Mission EPO Education and Public Outreach ESA European Space Agency ETD Exploration Technology Development EU European Union EVA Extra Vehicular Activity FAST Fast Accesses Spacecraft Testbed FY fiscal year GAO General Accountability Office GCR galactic cosmic ray GDP gross domestic product GER Global Exploration Roadmap PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION F-1

OCR for page 244
GES Global Exploration Strategy GN&C guidance, navigation and controls GNP gross national product GPS Global Positioning System GSS General Social Survey HEOMD Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate HRP Human Research Program HSF human spaceflight HTV H-II Transfer Vehicle ICBM Intercontinental Ballistic Missile IED improvised explosive device ILEWLG International Lunar Exploration Working Group IOC Initial Operation Capability IPEWG International Primitive Exploration Working Group ISECG International Space Exploration Coordination Group Isp specific impulse ISR intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance ISRU in situ resource utilization ISS International Space Station kW kilowatt L1 Lagrangian point 1 L2 Lagrangian point 2 LCH4 liquid methane LEAG Lunar Exploration Analysis Group LEO low Earth orbit LIGO Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory LOX liquid oxygen LSAY Longitudinal Study of American Youth MEPAG Mars Exploration Program and Analysis Group MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MOL Manned Orbiting Laboratory MPCV Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle MRSA Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus MSL Mars Science Laboratory MT metric ton MW megawatt NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NCRP National Council for Radiation Protection NEA near Earth asteroid NEO near Earth object NEP nuclear electric propulsion NERVA Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application NIH National Institutes of Health NRA NASA Research Announcement NRC National Research Council PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION F-2

OCR for page 244
NRO National Reconnaissance Office NSF National Science Foundation NTP nuclear thermal propulsion OIG Office of the Inspector General POR program of record S&T science and technology SEP solar electric propulsion SLBMs Sea-launched Ballistic Missiles SLS Space Launch System SPE solar particle event SSC Spitzer Science Center STEM Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics STG Space Task Group STMD Space Technology Mission Directorate STS Space Transportation System Sv Sievert TRL technology readiness level PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION F-3