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H List of Input Papers The Committee on Human Spaceflight invited interested individuals and groups to submit short input papers that addressed the role of human spaceflight and its suggested future. The request for input papers was open to any and all interested individuals and groups wishing to submit their own ideas on the role of human spaceflight and their vision for a suggested future. In developing their papers, respondents were asked to carefully consider the following broad questions. 1. What are the important benefits provided to the United States and other countries by human spaceflight endeavors? 2. What are the greatest challenges to sustaining a U.S. government program in human spaceflight? 3. What are the ramifications and what would the nation and world lose if the United States terminated NASA's human spaceflight program? In discussing the above questions, the respondents were asked to describe the reasoning that supported their arguments and, to the extent possible, include or cite any evidence that supported their views. In considering #1 above, submitters were asked to consider private as well as government space programs. Following is the list of lead authors and titles of the input papers submitted to the committee in support of human spaceflight. Abramson, Michael, The Roads to Space Settlement Aguilar, Alfredo A., Jr., Edge of Creation Akkerman, James W., Human Space Flight Alperin, Noam, Visual Impairment and Intracranial Hypertension in Microgravity: Mismanagement of a Manageable Long-Term Spaceflight Risk Arora, Kamal, Human Space Flight Program-Propitious or Futile Badders, Brian D., Extrapolating Trends: Human Spaceflight Goals Barbee, Brent W., Near-Earth Asteroids: The Next Destination for Human Explorers Barnhard, Gary P., Human Spaceflight—Architecting the Future Bates, William V., The Role of Human Spaceflight in the 21st Century Baxter, David, The Need for Human Spaceflight Beauchemin, Alyse N., Manned Spaceflight: Humanities Greatest Endeavor Becker, Jeanne L., Input to the NRC Committee on Human Spaceflight Bednarek, Stephanie R., Space Exploration Technologies Corp. (SpaceX) Public Comment on the National Research Council Study on Human Spaceflight Bennett, Gary L., Human Spaceflight Observations Bland, Joseph B., Why Continuing Human Spaceflight is Critical for Americans PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION H-1

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Boyle, Richard D., The Artificial Gravity Platform (AGP) - An Earth-Based Laboratory to Advance Human Exploration in Space Bridwell, Nelson J., Myopia Brisson, Pierre, Human Spaceflight is Needed for Mars Exploration Brooks, Phillip, Human Space Flight, What Direction Shall We Choose? Brown, Benjamin S., We Are the Explorers Brown, Jeremy, Concerning a Continuation of Human Space Flight by NASA and the United States Government Buckland, Daniel M., Early Career Researchers Views as to the Benefits and Challenges of the U.S. Government Human Spaceflight Program Burke, James D., Long-Range Future of U.S. Human Space Flight Burns, Neal M., Then and Now; Building Public Support for NASA Human Space Flight Bussey, Ben, Scientific Benefits of Human Exploration Cadorette, Normand, One Bigger Picture and Manned Space Flight Chambliss, Joe P., Ideas on the Direction and Importance of Human Spaceflight Chapman, Bert, More Effective Human Spaceflight and their National Security Implications Chapman, Philip K., The Human Future in Space Cheuvront, David L., Addressing the Challenges to Sustaining U.S. Government Human Spaceflight with Depots Cohen, Helen S., Occupational Therapy’s Perspective on the Human Spaceflight Program Collins, Dwight H., Questions Humanity Needs to Answer Cooke, Douglas R., Building a Roadmap for Human Space Exploration Cooke, Michael P., Theory for Why We Do Not Have a National Human Spaceflight Policy Craig, Mark, What are the Greatest Challenges to Sustaining a U.S. Government Program in Human Spaceflight? Crawford, Ian A., An Integrated Scientific and Social Case for Human Space Exploration Crisafulli, Jim, Reaching Beyond Low-Earth Orbit: A Prescription for Cost-Effective and Sustainable Human Space Exploration Crume, Phillip, Using a U.S. Government Human Spaceflight Program to Support Space Commerce Dailey, Michelle K., Why America Should Sustain—Not Terminate—NASA’s Human Spaceflight Program Das, Arun C., Human Spaceflight Exploration: Benefits, Challenges and Termination Ramifications Davies, Philip E., Response to the National Academy of Sciences Announcement of Opportunity to Submit Input to Study on Human Spaceflight Day, Stephen, Repositioning NASA De Vita, Mirko, Advances in Behavioral Management and Attitude Change Knowledge through Human Spaceflight Programs DeRees, Kelly A., Pushing Our Boundaries: The Need for a Human Spaceflight Program Dhasan, Raj A., The Wind Shuttle (or) the Wind Planet Donahue, Benjamin B., HSF Architecture Analysis and National Goals Donahue, Benjamin B., Exploration in Human Terms (Parts I-III) Donahue, Benjamin B., Human Space Flight Far Term View 2025-40 Goals and Objectives Eckert, Joy, Inspiration is Vital to Our Future Elifritz, Thomas L., The National Academies Committee on Human Spaceflight Elvis, Martin, Enabling the Commercial Harnessing of Space Resources Emken, William A., The Uncertain Future of Human Spaceflight in the United States Espeseth, Kevin , Surface Strip Mining the Moon for Permanent Engineering Marking PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION H-2

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Ferguson, Christopher, Human Space Exploration: Unparalleled Source of Inspiration for the Past, Present, and the Future Ferguson, Christopher, Human Space Exploration-An Engine for Innovation Fernhout, Paul D., The Need for Continuing Research on Human Life Support in Space via Crowsourcing Self-Replicating Space Habitats Fornaro, John, Why Human Spaceflight Matters Friedman, Louis D., Paving Stones for the Flexible Path into the Solar System Friedman, Louis D., Humans to Mars, Human Telepresence Beyond Gallegos, Zachary E., Continuing Human Space Exploration: For the Future of Our Nation and Its People Gargani, David J., Inspiration and Cooperation—A Pathway to the Future Geirczak, Anthony E., III, The Importance of Continued Manned Spaceflight for Improving Economic and Quality of Life Issues on Earth Gillin, Joseph P., Human Spaceflight and the Human Future Globus, Al, Human Space Flight, Space Industrialization, Commercialization and Settlement Gorenstein, Paul, Human Spaceflight and a Lunar Base Gozdecki, Jonas, Stars Entrepreneurship Closer to All Graham, E. H., Common Thoughts Greenhouse, Matthew A., A Values-Based Approach toward National Space Policy Greeson, David S., Separating Human Spaceflight Policy from National Politics Grondin, Yves, Why Human Spaceflight Exploration Matters Hamill, Doris, The Neglected Challenge: Exploiting Near Space for Human Benefit Hana, John D., U.S. Space 2020 Harper, Lynn D., Benefits and Challenges of Human Spaceflight in the 21st Century Harrison, Michael F., The Imperative of Human Space Flight Hawes, Michael, NRC Inputs Haynes, Douglas E., White Paper Heidmann, Richard, A New American Space Exploration Initiative is Needed! A European Point of View Heismann, August C., The Future of Human Space Flight Henderson, Edward M., The Importance of Human Spaceflight Howard, Robert L., The Role of Human Spaceflight and a Vision for a Suggested Future Huntsman, David P., Answering the Questions: Why Government and Commercial Human Spaceflight; How to Get There, How to Keep it Sustainable, and the Need for NASA Reform Huter, Paul B., Innovators, Adventurers, Explorers, Creators, Leaders Jensen, Dale L., Efficient Rocket Engines Jolliff, Bradley L., Why and How the United States Must Continue to Lead the World in Human Spaceflight Joseph, Nikolai, Human Spaceflight Kasting, James F., Servicing of Large Space Telescopes and Geosynchronous Satellites Kennedy, Linda F., Emphasis on Education Keras, Kevin F., Wither NASA? Earthly Pursuits to Fund Off-Planet Exploration Kerwin, Joseph P., Leadership in Space Exploration Kirkpatrick, Jim, AAS Input to the National Research Council’s Committee on Human Spaceflight Kitmacher, Gary H., Reasons for Human Spaceflight; Cis-Lunar Technology Testbed Korn, Paula, Uncertain Future for U.S. Human Spaceflight Krone, Bob, Philosophy for Humans in Space Kuebler, Ulrich M., Role and Visions for Human Spaceflight Kugler, Justin, Let Us Be Pioneers PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION H-3

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Laine, Michael, LiftPort Lunar Space Elevator Infrastructure—Affordable Response to Human Spaceflight Lawrence, Samuel J., The Benefits of Human Space Exploration to the United States and other Nations Leeds, Gregory A., Countering Chinese Future Space Policy Lester, Dan F., Telepresence and the Purpose of Human Spaceflight Lillie, Charles F., The Future of Human Spaceflight Mandell, Humboldt C., The Future of Human Space Flight Maniaci, Michael T., Bold Aspirations from the Land of the Free: A Civilian’s Perspective of American Spaceflight Mapes, James M., The Philosophical Implications of Exoplanet Discovery on the Need for Human Spaceflight Martin, Thomas N., III, Aerojet Rocketdyne Response to NRC Questions on NASA Human Spaceflight McCain, Terence R., Switching Over: The Need to Transition from Human Wrench-Turners in Space to Advanced Robotics McCandless, Bruce, II, Leadership through Human Spaceflight McCarthy, Brendan, Spaceflight: A Duty of All Mankind McMickell, M. Brett, Input to the National Research Council's Committee on Human Spaceflight Mohanty, Ashutosh, Propulsion Technologies Molnar, Erwin P., The Future of Human Space Flight in the United States Monteiro, Paulo L., Work in Progress Moulin, Nicolas , Human Space Flight Naik, Krishna D., Human Spaceflight is the Ultimate Human Endeavor Neal, Clive R., Human Solar System Exploration Achieved with a “Moon First” Pathway Ness, Peter, Human Flights are Essential for Mineral Exploration and Mining of the Moon, Mars and Asteroids Norton, Paul, Minimal Requirement Nye, William S., The Goal is Mars Obenaus, Andre, The Importance of Human Space Flight to the Development of Medical Imaging Okushi, Jun, A Short Review of the Necessity of Human Spaceflight Our Advocacy of a Decade Oleson, Gary L., Toward a Thriving and Sustainable U.S. Human Spaceflight Program Othman, Mazlan, The United Nations and Human Spaceflight Overton, Ian M., Human Spaceflight: A Choice between Renaissance or Dark Age Paluszek, Michael A., Human Spaceflight Pellerin, Charles, Does Human Exploration Make Sense? Pittman, Bruce, Human Space Flight Challenge Pittman, Robert B., National Space Society (NSS) Response to the National Research Council (NRC) Committee on Human Spaceflight Podnar, Gregg, We Must Explore Mars Polk, James D., The Return on Investment of Human Spaceflight Pomerantz, William J., The Benefits of Suborbital and Orbital Human Spaceflight Pulham, Elliot H., Space Foundation Input to the Committee on Human Spaceflight Raftery, Michael, Crossing This New Ocean Rahul Arun Bagul, Capsule Project Rahul Arun Bagul, Prototype Safety Parachute for Aerospace and Aeronautics Projects Rahul Arun Bagul, Concept for Future Free Space Craft Ramey, Christopher B., The Foundations of National Power and Human Spaceflight Rice, Eric, Recommended Direction for the American Human Spaceflight Program PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION H-4

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Richards, David L., America Needs a New Vision and Oversight Process for its Human Spaceflight Program Riley, Danny A., Bullet Point Responses to the 3 Questions Riley, John T., Generating Vision with Science Fiction Robinson, John W., The Justification for Human Space Development and Habitation Beyond Low Earth Orbit Rodriguez, G. J., Architecting a Lunar Shipyard Rovetto, Robert J., The Essential Role of Human Spaceflight Sander, Michael J., Human Space Flight Santos, Famar P., The Planetary Expressway Sauvageau, Donald R., ATK Response to NRC Human Spaceflight Questions Sawyer, Paul D., Why We Should Sit Out the Next Round of Manned Space Flight Schindler, Jürgen R., The Benefits of Human Space Flight with Focus on Human Values Schmatz, Michael J., Supremacy, Growth, and Inspiration: The Purpose of American Human Spaceflight Schmitt, Harrison H., Deep Space Exploration: An American Imperative Schwadron, Nathan A., Understanding and Predicting the Space Radiation Hazard—A Critical Element of Human Exploration Beyond Low Earth Orbit Shaffer, Gabrielle M., The Necessity of NASA's Human Spaceflight Program for Science and Technology Shemansky, Donald E., The NASA Human Space Exploration Program Should Be Abandoned Sherwood, Brent, Toward a Relevant Human Spaceflight Program Skocik, Colin R., The Moon Before Mars: Why Obama is Wrong on Space Skocik, Colin R., Past and Future of the Space Program Slazer, Frank, Aerospace Industries Association Input on Human Spaceflight Smith, OGlenn, Challenges to Sustainability Smith, Philippe M., Why Human Spaceflight is Important to the United States Smith, Stephen C., A New Economy: U.S. Human Spaceflight in the 21st Century Smith, William L., Human Spaceflight Scenarios Smitherman, David V., A Department of Space to Enable Human Spaceflight and the Future Settlement of Space Spearing, Scott F., Economizing on Human Space Flight Spudis, Paul D., Human Spaceflight: Why and How? Srivastava, Rajesh, Other Discover Earth Staats, Kai K., Real Heroes: A Case for Continued U.S. Involvement in Human Space Exploration Stolc, Viktor, Bio-Electromagnetic Countermeasures Against the Risks of Spaceflight Beyond Low Earth Orbit Strangman, Gary E., The Value of Human Spaceflight Strickland, John K., What Should We Be Doing in Space? Summers, Richard L., Importance of Human Spaceflight Endeavors for the Future Of Biomedical Research Sweetser, Theodore H., Mars is the Vision, the Question is How Taggart, Keith A., Input to the Committee on Human Spaceflight Thronson, Harley A., If You Set Out to Go to Mars, Go to Mars Tran, Ricky H., My Input on Human Spaceflight Vail, Joel, B., The Future is in Exploration Van Vaerenbergh, Stefan, Need of Spaceflight Gravity from Microbiology to Geology Studies Vartorella, William F., `Lost Horizon’—Manned Missions Focused on Nanotechnologies, Astrobiology, Space Telescopes, and Advanced Materials Will Re-define NASA and NewSpace PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION H-5

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Vedda, James A., Next Step for Human Spaceflight: Cislunar Development Wanduragala, P., How to Overcome Limitations in Exploring Space Journeys (file unreadable) Webber, Derek, Why We Need to Continue with Human Spaceflight Wheelock, Terry W., "Human" Spaceflight Whittington, Mark R., In Pursuit of Space Power Wilkins, Richard T., The Value of Human Space Flight on Higher Education and the Minority Communities Winn, Laurence B., The Case for a New Diaspora: Cosmic Dispersal Woodard, Daniel, Practical Benefits for America Woodcock, Gordon R., Human Space Flight Woodlyn, Sjon O., Space Exploration: Foundation to Build a Global Response Zimpfer, Douglas J., Future of Human Spaceflight PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION H-6