CLIMATE CHANGE EDUCATION

Engaging Family Private Forest Owners
on Issues Related to Climate Change

A WORKSHOP SUMMARY

Alexandra S. Beatty, Michael Feder, and Martin Storksdieck, Rapporteurs

Steering Committee on Engaging Family Private Forest Owners on
Issues Related to Climate Change

Board on Science Education

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
                         OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

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Alexandra S. Beatty, Michael Feder, and Martin Storksdieck, Rapporteurs Steering Committee on Engaging Family Private Forest Owners on Issues Related to Climate Change Board on Science Education Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS  500 Fifth Street, NW  Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Gov- erning Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engi- neering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This study was supported by Award No. AG-3187-P-12-0040 between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Any opinions, find- ings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13:  978-0-309-30539-6 International Standard Book Number-10:  0-309-30539-X Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 2014 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America Cover: All images are from iStock Photo, from the top—Close up of autumn leaf on oak bark; second from the top—Burnt hillside, environmental disaster; third from the top— Ranch in a forested valley in Oregon; bottom— Forester protecting trees from damage by deer. Suggested citation: National Research Council. (2014). Climate Change Education: Engaging Family Private Forest Owners on Issues Related to Climate Change, A Work- shop Summary. A. Beatty, M. Feder, and M. Storksdieck, Rapporteurs. Steering Committee on Engaging Family Private Forest Owners on Issues Related to Cli- mate Change. Board on Science Education, Board on Environmental Change and Society, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal govern- ment on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its mem- bers, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advis- ing the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in pro- viding services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council. www.national-academies.org

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STEERING COMMITTEE ON ENGAGING FAMILY PRIVATE FOREST OWNERS ON ISSUES RELATED TO CLIMATE CHANGE JAMES FINLEY (Chair), Forest Resources, The Pennsylvania State University ARUN AGRAWAL, School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor SHORNA ALLRED, Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University CHARLES CANHAM, Cary Institute of Ecosystems JOE E. HEIMLICH, Environment and Natural Resources, The Ohio State University STEVEN KOEHN, Maryland Department of Natural Resources MAUREEN H. MCDONOUGH, Department of Forestry, Michigan State University MARY TYRRELL, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University MICHAEL A. FEDER, Study Director MARTIN STORKSDIECK, Director, Board on Science Education PAUL STERN, Senior Scholar, Board on Environmental Change and Society REBECCA KRONE, Senior Program Assistant v

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BOARD ON SCIENCE EDUCATION HELEN QUINN (Chair), Emerita, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford University GEORGE BOGGS, Emeritus, Palomar College and American Association of Community Colleges MELANIE COOPER, Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University RODOLFO DIRZO, Department of Biology, Stanford University JACQUELYNNE ECCLES, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor JOSEPH FRANCISCO, Department of Chemistry, Purdue University MARGARET HONEY, New York Hall of Science SUSAN W. KIEFFER, Department of Geology, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign MATTHEW KREHBIEL, Kansas State Department of Education  MICHAEL LACH, Urban Education Institute, University of Chicago LYNN LIBEN, Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University BRIAN REISER, School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University SUZANNE WILSON, Department of Teacher Education and Center for the Scholarship of Teaching, Michigan State University MARSHALL “MIKE” SMITH, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching ROBERTA TANNER, Retired Physics Teacher, Thompson School District, Loveland, Colorado YU XIE, Department of Sociology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor MARTIN STORKSDIECK, Director HEIDI A. SCHWEINGRUBER, Deputy Director MICHAEL A. FEDER, Senior Program Officer MARGARET HILTON, Senior Program Officer NATALIE NIELSEN, Senior Program Officer REBECCA KRONE, Program Associate KELLY ARRINGTON, Senior Program Assistant vi

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BOARD ON ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND SOCIETY RICHARD H. MOSS (Chair), Joint Global Change Research Institute ARUN AGRAWAL, School of Natural Resources and Environment JOSEPH ARVAI, Applied Decision Research, University of Calgary ANTHONY BEBBINGTON, Environment and Society, and Graduate School of Geography, Clark University WILLIAM CHANDLER, Transition Energy F. STUART CHAPIN, III, Emeritus, University of Alaska–Fairbanks RUTH DEFRIES, Sustainable Development, Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology, Columbia University KRISTIE L. EBI, School of Public Health, University of Washington MARIA CARMEN LEMOS, School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor DENNIS OJIMA, Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University JONATHAN OVERPECK, Institute of the Environment, University of Arizona STEPHEN POLASKY, Ecological/Environmental Economics, Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota J. TIMMONS ROBERTS, Environmental Studies and Sociology, Brown University JAMES L. SWEENEY, Precourt Energy Efficiency Center, Stanford University MEREDITH A. LANE, Board Director PAUL C. STERN, Senior Scholar MARY ANN KASPER, Senior Program Assistant vii

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Preface T his report has been prepared by the workshop rapporteurs as a factual summary of what occurred at the workshop. The planning committee’s role was limited to planning and convening the work- shop. The views contained in the report are those of individual workshop participants and do not necessarily represent the views of all workshop participants, the planning committee, or the National Research Council (NRC). This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by indi- viduals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee of NRC. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its pub- lished report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. I would like to thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Keith A. Argow, President’s Office, National Woodland Owners Association, Vienna, Virginia; and F. Stuart (Terry) Chapin, III, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska. Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the report nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Rodolfo Dirzo, Department of ix

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x PREFACE Biology, Stanford University. Appointed by the NRC, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authors and the institution.

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Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Understanding Forestland Owners 11 3 Communicating About Forests and Climate Change: Case Studies 23 4 Engaging Forestland Owners: Perspectives from the Social Sciences 39 5 Recurring Themes and Questions 55 References 61 Appendixes A The Climate Change Education Roundtable 63 B Workshop Agenda 67 C Registered Workshop Participants 73 D Workshop Speaker and Steering Committee Member Bios 77 xi

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