in Houston and elsewhere to address the needs of people with HIV/AIDS. He received a B.S.C. from the University of Louisville and an M.Div. and a Ph.D. from the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky.

MARK D. SMITH is vice president of the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation and oversees the foundation's Poverty and Health Program and national initiatives in health promotion. Prior to joining the Kaiser Family Foundation, he was associate director of the AIDS Service and assistant professor of medicine and of health policy and management at Johns Hopkins University. He served as special advisor on AIDS to Pennsylvania Governor Robert P. Casey and was executive director of the Philadelphia Commission on AIDS. He has published and lectured on AIDS and health care financing, ethical issues and the impact of AIDS on minorities, and AIDS screening, public education, and research. He has an undergraduate degree in Afro-American studies from Harvard College, an M.D. degree from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, and an M.B.A. degree from the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania. He trained in internal medicine at the University of California at San Francisco and the University of Pennsylvania.

JEFF STRYKER, who served as the panel study director, is on the staff of the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies at the University of California at San Francisco. Previously, he was on the staffs on the National Commission on AIDS, the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine, the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, the National Leadership Commission on Health Care, and the Institute of Medicine. His interests are in health policy and medical ethics, and he serves as a consultant on AIDS policy to the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. He received a B.A. degree from the University of Pennsylvania.

JAMES TRUSSELL is professor of economics and public affairs at Princeton University, associate dean of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, and director of the university's Office of Population Research. He is the author or coauthor of more than 100 publications, primarily in the areas of demographic methodology and reproductive health. He received a B.S. degree in mathematics from Davidson College in 1971, an M.Phil. in economics from Oxford University in 1973, and a Ph.D. in economics from Princeton University in 1975. He is currently a member of the Committee on Population of the National Research Council.

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