Glossary

A

AAE

Army Acquisition Executive, an organizational unit of the Army resulting from the 1989 Army Management Review.

ADC

Analog-to-digital converter.

ASA(RDA)

Assistant Secretary of the Army (Research, Development and Acquisition).

ASIC

Application-specific integrated circuit.

ATC/ATR

Automatic target cueing and recognition.

ATTD

Advanced Technology Transition Demonstration, a development approach used by the Army to test the application of new technology.

B

BAST

Board on Army Science and Technology (of the National Research Council).

C

C3I/RISTA

Systems or applications typically included under command, control, communication, and intelligence (C3I) or under reconnaissance, (intelligence), surveillance, and target acquisition (RISTA or RSTA)

CBRS

The Army's Concept-Based Requirements System.

CEP

Circular error probability.

CIM

Computer-integrated manufacturing.

COFT

Conduct-of-fire trainer.

CRAF

Civil Reserve Air Fleet.

CTBW

Chemical, toxin, or biological warfare.

D

DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

DBMS

Data base management system.



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OCR for page 299
STAR 21: Strategic Technologies for the Army of the Twenty-First Century Glossary A AAE Army Acquisition Executive, an organizational unit of the Army resulting from the 1989 Army Management Review. ADC Analog-to-digital converter. ASA(RDA) Assistant Secretary of the Army (Research, Development and Acquisition). ASIC Application-specific integrated circuit. ATC/ATR Automatic target cueing and recognition. ATTD Advanced Technology Transition Demonstration, a development approach used by the Army to test the application of new technology. B BAST Board on Army Science and Technology (of the National Research Council). C C3I/RISTA Systems or applications typically included under command, control, communication, and intelligence (C3I) or under reconnaissance, (intelligence), surveillance, and target acquisition (RISTA or RSTA) CBRS The Army's Concept-Based Requirements System. CEP Circular error probability. CIM Computer-integrated manufacturing. COFT Conduct-of-fire trainer. CRAF Civil Reserve Air Fleet. CTBW Chemical, toxin, or biological warfare. D DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. DBMS Data base management system.

OCR for page 299
STAR 21: Strategic Technologies for the Army of the Twenty-First Century DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid. DOD U.S. Department of Defense. DRAM Direct random access memory. DSP Digital signal processing (microprocessor). E ECM/ESM Electronic countermeasures and support measures. EHF Extremely high frequency (radio waves). EM Electromagnetic. ETC Electrothermal chemical (a gun propulsion technology). F FEL Free-electron laser. H HALE High-altitude, long-endurance (aircraft). HDE High-power directed-energy (devices or weapons). HF/DF Hydrogen fluoride/deuterium fluoride (a chemical laser). HMX Current-generation Army explosive (cyclotetramethylene tetranitramine). HPM High-power microwave. HUMINT Human intelligence. I ICAI Individual computer-aided instruction. IFF Identification of friend or foe. IFFN Identification of friend, foe, or neutral. IHPTET Integrated High-Performance Turbine Engine Technology (an engine research program). IPS Integrated Propulsion System (program). IRST Infrared search and track (system). J JSTARS Joint Systems Target Acquisition Radar System. L LIDAR Light detection and ranging. LO Low observable (also referred to as "stealth"); can refer to technology, designs, etc., that give the capability of being difficult for an enemy to detect or systems that possess this capability. LPI low probability of intercept. M MILSATCOM Military Satellite Communications (a proposed satellite communications architecture). MLRS Multiple-launch rocket system. MMIC Monolithic microwave integrated circuit. MOPS Million (computing) operations per second. O OSD Office of the Secretary of Defense. P PM/RS Powder metallurgy for rapidly solidified (alloys). POMCUS Prepositioning of materiel configured to unit sets. PSYOPS Psychological warfare operations. R R&D Research and development. RISTA Reconnaissance, intelligence, surveillance, and target acquisition; the Army also uses RSTA (see C3I/RISTA).

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STAR 21: Strategic Technologies for the Army of the Twenty-First Century RDX Current-generation Army propellant (cyclotrimethylene trinitramine). S SDI Strategic Defense Initiative. SDIO Strategic Defense Initiative Organization. SIGINT Signal intelligence. SIMNET Simulation Network. SQUID Superconducting quantum interference device. SRAM Static random access memory. STAR Strategic Technologies for the Army. T TBM Theater ballistic missile. TFA Technology Forecast Assessment. TMDP Technology Management and Development Planning (subcommittee of the STAR study). TRADOC U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. U UAV Unmanned air vehicle. UGV Unmanned ground vehicle. V VLSIC Very large-scale integrated circuit. VTOL Vertical takeoff and landing W WST Wafer-scale technology.

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STAR 21: Strategic Technologies for the Army of the Twenty-First Century This page in the original is blank.