Turning to external ways for industry to redress the balance between short-and long-term research, the panel notes that many of the challenges faced by industry will require additional advances in the science of catalysis, as well as advances in instrumentation. Given the current cost of conducting research in industry, opportunities exist for developing meaningful collaborative programs in partnership with academic and national laboratory researchers. To achieve this goal two elements are recommended as essential:

  1. Enhanced appreciation by academic researchers of industrial technology. Vehicles for this include

  • long-term consulting arrangements involving regular interactions with industrial researchers,

  • sabbaticals for industrial scientists in academic or government laboratories,

  • sabbaticals for academic or government scientists in industrial laboratories,

  • industrial internships for students,

  • industrial postdoctoral programs, and

  • jointly organized symposia on topics of industrial interest.

  1. Increased industrial support of research at universities and national laboratories. Vehicles for this include

  • research grants and contracts;

  • unrestricted grants for support of new, high-risk initiatives; and

  • leveraged funding (e.g., support of the Presidential Young Investigators program.)

ACADEMIC RESEARCHERS

Over the past 25 years, academic researchers have made major contributions to understanding the structure of catalysts and the relationships between structure and function. These efforts have also resulted in the development of new instrumental and theoretical techniques, many of which now find application in industrial laboratories. As discussed in Chapter 3, progress in catalyst science must be sustained to provide the basis for future developments in catalyst technology and for the continuing supply of men and women educated in the scientific principles that underlie catalysis. The panel, therefore, makes the following recommendations to the academic community:

  1. A materials-focused approach is needed to complement the existing strong efforts on understanding and elucidating cata-



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