Index

A

Academic research, 5, 6-7, 48, 66-68, 72-73

Air pollution, see Emission control

Alcohol fuels, 11, 21, 23-24, 33-34, 44, 57

Alkylation catalysts, 21-23, 36

American Chemical Society, 67

Ames National Laboratory, 68

Ammonia, 3, 12, 16-17, 28, 50-51, 57

Antibodies, 48

Argonne National Laboratory, 68

Asymmetric catalysis, 29

Auger electron spectra, 52

Automation, 18

see also Computers and computer science

B

Bacillus thuringiensis, 55

Biochemistry, general, 2, 3, 5, 13, 30-31

see also Enzymatic catalysis

Biodegradation, 31, 40-42, 54

Biopesticides, 54-55, 56

Biotechnology, see Genetics

British Petroleum, 22

Brookhaven National Laboratory, 68

Bush administration, 8, 74

C

California, 37

Catalytic converters, 3-4, 13, 37, 38, 39

Catalytic cracking, 19, 32-33, 36

Cationic polymerization, 29

Ceramics, 14-15, 62

Chemical industry, 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 14-16, 18, 21-31, 57

historical perspectives, 2, 10

see also Polymers

Chevron Research and Technology Company, 22

Chlorofluorocarbons, 36-38

Clean Air Act, 37, 39

Computers and computer science, 5, 9, 58, 61, 63-64, 75

automated processes, 18

Monte Carlo methods, 61, 63-64

Copper, 34

D

Department of Defense, 67

Department of Energy, 8, 67, 68-69, 74

see also National laboratories

Drugs, see Pharmaceutical industry

Du Pont, 22

E

Economic factors, 1, 2, 3, 4, 12-13, 18, 19, 43, 45, 50, 70

biopesticides, 54

bioremediation, 41

catalytic converters, 39



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OCR for page 83
Catalysis Looks to the Future Index A Academic research, 5, 6-7, 48, 66-68, 72-73 Air pollution, see Emission control Alcohol fuels, 11, 21, 23-24, 33-34, 44, 57 Alkylation catalysts, 21-23, 36 American Chemical Society, 67 Ames National Laboratory, 68 Ammonia, 3, 12, 16-17, 28, 50-51, 57 Antibodies, 48 Argonne National Laboratory, 68 Asymmetric catalysis, 29 Auger electron spectra, 52 Automation, 18 see also Computers and computer science B Bacillus thuringiensis, 55 Biochemistry, general, 2, 3, 5, 13, 30-31 see also Enzymatic catalysis Biodegradation, 31, 40-42, 54 Biopesticides, 54-55, 56 Biotechnology, see Genetics British Petroleum, 22 Brookhaven National Laboratory, 68 Bush administration, 8, 74 C California, 37 Catalytic converters, 3-4, 13, 37, 38, 39 Catalytic cracking, 19, 32-33, 36 Cationic polymerization, 29 Ceramics, 14-15, 62 Chemical industry, 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 14-16, 18, 21-31, 57 historical perspectives, 2, 10 see also Polymers Chevron Research and Technology Company, 22 Chlorofluorocarbons, 36-38 Clean Air Act, 37, 39 Computers and computer science, 5, 9, 58, 61, 63-64, 75 automated processes, 18 Monte Carlo methods, 61, 63-64 Copper, 34 D Department of Defense, 67 Department of Energy, 8, 67, 68-69, 74 see also National laboratories Drugs, see Pharmaceutical industry Du Pont, 22 E Economic factors, 1, 2, 3, 4, 12-13, 18, 19, 43, 45, 50, 70 biopesticides, 54 bioremediation, 41 catalytic converters, 39

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Catalysis Looks to the Future chlorofluorocarbons, replacements, 38 environmental protection, 5, 6, 38, 54, 66 feedstocks, 2, 21-24 foreign trade, 1, 5, 19, 23, 25, 35, 70 funding, federal, 6, 8-9, 67, 68, 71, 74 oxidation processes, 24 R&D, 5, 6, 8-9, 16, 65, 66, 67-68, 71, 72, 74, 75 see also Emission control Education, 66, 69, 72 financial factors, 6 symposia, 6, 72 see also Academic research Electric power plants, 39, 45 fuel cells, 62 Electric Power Research Institute, 67 Electron microscopy, 52 Emission control, 37, 58, 70 catalytic converters, 3-4, 13, 37, 38, 39 gasoline, environmentally benign, 32, 36, 37, 58 power plants, 39, 45 regulations, 37, 39 Energy sources, see Fuels Environmental factors, 2-9 (passim), 13, 34, 36-42, 65-66, 70, 75 biodegradation, 31, 40-42, 54 catalytic converters, 3-4, 13, 37, 38, 39 chlorofluorocarbons, 36-38 cost, 5, 6, 38, 54, 66 gasoline, 32, 36, 37, 58 genetic engineering, general, 30 pesticides, 54-55 polychlorinated biphenyls, 40 power plants, 39, 45 Environmental Protection Agency, 54 Enzymatic catalysis, 3, 13, 14, 30-31, 46, 48 biodegradation, 31, 40-42, 54 computational chemistry, 59 Ethers, 23, 33 Ethylene, 57, 60 Europe, 4, 5, 13, 29, 48, 53 F Federal government, 8-9, 67, 74-75 Bush administration, 8, 74 DOD, 67 DOE, 8, 67, 68-69, 74; see also National laboratories EPA, 54 FDA, 29 funding, 6, 8-9, 67, 68, 71, 74 NSF, 7, 8, 67, 74 Feedstocks, 2, 21-24 Fiber composites, 26 Food and Drug Administration, 29 Food industry, 14-15 Foreign countries, see International perspectives Foreign trade, 1, 5, 19, 25, 70 petroleum industry, 23, 35 Fuels, 2, 8, 32-34, 35, 75 fuel cells, 62 gasoline, 2, 10, 11, 13, 32-33, 35, 36, 37, 55, 57, 58 historical perspectives, 2, 10, 11, 23, 25, 47 liquid fuels, general, 2, 19-20, 22 natural gas, 35 Funding, federal, 6, 8-9, 67, 68, 71, 74 G Gasoline, 2, 10, 11, 13, 32-33, 35, 36, 55, 57 environmentally benign, 32, 36, 37, 58 Gas Research Institute, 67 Genetics, 30-31, 46, 48 biopesticides, 54-55, 56 historical perspectives, 2, 10 monomers, 28 Germany, 3, 12, 39, 47, 70 H Heterogeneous catalysis, general, 4, 51-52 Historical perspectives, 1, 23 ammonia, 3, 12, 50-51 drugs, 29, 30 genetic engineering, 2, 10 petroleum industry, 2, 10, 11, 23, 25, 47 polymers, 26

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Catalysis Looks to the Future technological innovations, general, 2, 3, 10-11, 12, 14, 18, 19 World War II, 11, 47 Homogeneous catalysis, general, 45, 51, 53 I Ici, 31 Industry perspectives 1, 6, 18, 65-66, 71-72 academia, relations with, 6, 7, 72, 73 government, relations with, 6, 8, 73-74 see also specific industry sectors Insect control, see Pest control Instrumentation, 6, 7, 8, 9, 49, 51-52, 66-67 computers, 5, 9, 58, 61, 63-64, 75 electron microscopy, 52 policy, 72, 73, 74, 75 spectroscopy, 5, 51, 52, 53, 55, 57, 64 x-ray techniques, 51, 52, 59 Intellectual property, see Patents Interdisciplinary approach, 4, 7, 12, 64, 66 Intermediates, reactions, 47, 53, 57, 58 International perspectives, 3, 36-37 Europe, 4, 5, 13, 29, 48, 53 Germany, 3, 12, 39, 47, 70 Japan, 4, 5, 13, 29, 31, 39, 48, 53 New Zealand, 35 Switzerland, 4 trade balance, 1, 5, 19, 23, 25, 35, 70 United Kingdom, 11 see also specific foreign countries Iowa State University, 68 Iron, 12, 17, 50-51 J Japan, 4, 5, 13, 29, 31, 39, 48, 53 K Kevlar, 26, 27 L Lamellar structures, 46 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 68 L-Dopa, 2, 3, 10, 13, 53 Liquefied petroleum gas, 22 Liquid fuels, 2, 19-20, 22 gasoline, 2, 10, 11, 13, 32-33, 35, 36, 37, 55, 57, 58 M Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 57 Materials science, 7, 8, 72-73 ceramics, 14-15, 62 fiber composites, 26 polymers, 2, 21-22, 25-29, 47 Metals, 5, 12, 34 copper, 34 iron, 12, 17, 50-51 surface chemistry, 4, 51-52, 59, 61 transition metals, 45, 46, 53, 57-58 zeolites, 19, 28, 35, 45-46, 51, 57, 58-59, 61, 64 Methane, 20, 21, 22, 25, 44 Methanol, 11, 21, 23-24, 25, 33-34, 44, 57 Mobil Corp., 19 Molybdenum, 57 Monomers, 28 Monsanto, 2, 10, 21 Monte Carlo methods, 61, 63-64 N National Academy of Sciences, 8-9 National Critical Technologies Panel, 1, 5, 18 National Institutes of Health, 67 National laboratories, 6, 7-8, 68-69, 72, 73-74 National Science Foundation, 7, 8, 67, 74 Natural gas, 35 New Zealand, 35 Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, 5, 51, 52, 53, 55, 57, 64 O Olefins, 21-23, 25, 27, 28, 36, 64 Oxidation and oxides, 5, 23, 24-25, 28, 51-52 biodegradation, 40 ethylene, 57

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Catalysis Looks to the Future P Paraffins, 22-23, 36, 55 Patents, 5, 7, 69, 73 Pest control, 54-55, 56 Petroleum industry, 1, 2, 5, 13, 18, 35, 46 catalytic cracking, 19, 32-33, 36 gasoline, 2, 10, 11, 13, 32-33, 35, 36, 37, 55, 57, 58 oil spills, bioremediation, 41 Pharmaceutical industry, 3, 5, 13, 29, 30, 57, 58 antibodies, 48 L-Dopa, 2, 3, 10, 13, 53 naproxen, 45 thalidomide, 29 Plastics, see Polymers Pollution, see Environmental factors Polychlorinated biphenyls, 40 Polyethylene, 47 Polymers, 21-22, 25-29, 47 Kevlar, 26, 27 recycling, 2 Pressure effects, process, 34, 47, 55, 57 Private sector, see Industry perspectives R Regulations air quality, 37, 39 drugs, 29 Report of the National Critical Technologies Panel, 5, 70 Research, 6, 15-17, 43-64 academic research, 5, 6-7, 48, 66-68, 72-73 economic factors, 5, 6, 8-9, 16, 65, 66, 67-68, 71, 72, 74, 75 funding, federal, 6, 8-9, 67, 68, 71, 74 historical perspectives, 2, 3, 10-11, 12, 14, 18 industrial, 6, 65-66, 71-72 interdisciplinary, general, 4, 7, 12, 64, 66 investment, general, 5, 66, 71 national laboratories, 6, 7-8, 68-69, 73-74 theoretical investigations, 5, 7, 9, 16, 58-64, 71, 75 see also Instrumentation S Science and Technology Centers, 7 Selectivity, 2, 4, 12, 24, 30, 37, 43-44, 45, 57-58, 75 Social issues, 1-2, 18-20 Soft drinks, 14-15 Solvents, 40, 42, 59 Spectroscopy, 5, 51, 52, 53, 55, 57, 64 Standards air quality, 37, 39 drugs, 29 products, 65 Stanford University, 68 State-level actions, 37, 67-68 Structure-function relationships, 6, 7, 9, 43-44, 49, 58, 61, 63, 71, 73-74, 75 intermediates, reactions, 47, 53, 57, 58 Surface chemistry, 15, 50-51 ceramics, 14-15 metals, 4, 51-52, 59, 61 Switzerland, 4 Symposia, 6, 72 Synthesis of catalytic materials, 44-48 T Temperature, process, 34, 47, 55, 57 fuel cells, 62 Thalidomide, 29 Theoretical investigations, 5, 7, 9, 16, 58-64, 71, 75 U United Kingdom, 11 University of California, Berkeley, 68 UOP Inc., 2, 10, 11 W World War II, 11, 47 X X-ray techniques, 51, 52, 59 Z Zeolites, 19, 28, 35, 45-46, 51, 57, 58-59, 61, 64