cil. 1991. Intellectual Property Issues in Software, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

22. Kleinrock, 1991, "ISDN—The Path to Broadband Networks," p. 115.

23. Kobayashi, T., former president and chief executive officer of the NEC Corp., as quoted at World Telecommunications Forum, Singapore, May 1985. (Cited in Hargrave, 1987, "Communications: Towards the 21st Century," p. T14.)

24. Ibid.

25. Gantz, 1989, "Standards: What They Are. What They Aren't," p. 27.

26. For a detailed discussion of relevant standards-related issues, readers may wish to consult Crossroads of Information Technology Standards, National Research Council (National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1990).

27. Dorros, Irwin. 1990. "Can Standards Help Industry in the United States to Remain Competitive in the Market Place?" P. 35 in Crossroads of Information Technology Standards, National Research Council. Gantz, 1989, "Standards: What They Are. What They Aren't," p. 28.

28. National Research Council. 1991. An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Programs: Fiscal Year 1990, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., pp. 303–304.

29. National Research Council, 1991, An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Programs: Fiscal Year 1990, p. 304.

30. Verity, John W., et al. 1991. "Computer Confusion: A Jumble of Competing, Conflicting Standards Is Chilling the Market," Business Week, June 10, pp. 72–77.

31. User Alliance for Open Systems. 1991. Overcoming Barriers to Open Systems Information Technology, Corporation for Open Systems, McLean, Va., January 27.



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