that might seem justified. Indeed, all the promise mentioned above is currently known to only a handful of entomologists, foresters, and pharmacologists-and, of course, to the traditional farmers of South Asia. Much of the enthusiasm and many of the claims are sure to be tempered as more insights are gained and more field operations are conducted. Nonetheless, improving pest control, bettering health, assisting reforestation, and perhaps checking overpopulation appear to be just some of the benefits if the world will now pay more attention to this benevolent tree.

Among many new developments in the 20 months since the first printing of this book, our attention has been caught by the following.

  • Three new neem-based products—Azatin®, Turplex®, and Align®—have entered the U.S. insecticide market.* The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has approved Align® for use on food and feed crops.

  • Margosan-O® is now registered in all 50 states, and the EPA has approved it for use on food crops. Two related neem formulations, BioNeem® for the consumer market and Benefit® for lawn and turf care, are also available.

  • A neem newsletter has begun publication in the United States.

  • More than 70,000 neem trees have been planted in Florida, Puerto Rico, and Mexico (Yucatan and Baja California).

  • Ground-up neem leaves have been reported successful at treating scabies, a serious skin disease. Of 824 cases, 98 percent showed complete cures within 3-15 days.§

  • Medical researchers in India have developed a topical neem based product that appears to boost the body's defense against infection at the location where it is applied. It is being tested notably for protecting women from vaginal infections (viruses, bacteria, fungi, yeast) and pregnancy.¦


The manufacturer is Agri Dyne Technologies, Inc. (see Research Contacts, page 121).


The manufacturer is W.R. Grace (see Research Contacts, page 121).


Published by The Neem Association (see Research Contacts, page 121).


Information via Martin Price (see Research Contacts, page 121). The mite that causes scabies also causes mange in livestock (donkeys, camels, llamas, for instance).


This development is led by Shakti N. Upadhyay of the National Institute of Immunology, Indian Council of Medical Research, P.O. Box 4508, New Delhi 110 029, India.

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