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APPENDIX F Biographical Sketches LINDA lI. AIKEN is trustee professor of sociology and nursing at the University of Pennsylvania. At the university she directs the Center for Health Services and Policy Research and is a research associate at the Pop- ulation Studies Center and senior fellow at the Leonard Davis Institute for Health Economics. Previously she was vice president of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, where she directed the research program. Her re- search interests include health care utilization surveys, the organization and finance of health care, and health manpower policy. She received bache- lor's and master's degrees in nursing from the University of Florida and a Ph.D. in sociology and demography from the University of Texas, Austin. ROBERT L. BLACK is a pediatrician in private practice in Monterey, California, as well as a clinical professor of pediatrics at Stanford Universi- ty, teaching in the outpatient clinic one day a week. He is a member of the California State Maternal, Child, Adolescent Health Board. He has been active in the American Academy of Pediatrics in a number of committees and offices, currently he is chairman of the Academy's state committee on state government affairs and a member of the national committee. He is also chairman of the Academy's committee on health planning for the state of California, and senior author of its California Health Plan For Children. He has been a member of the Institute of Medicine since 1983. He has an A.B. in basic medical sciences and an M.D. from Stanford University. 169

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170 APPENDIX F JOHN W. COOMBS is director-general of the Institutions and Social Sta- tistics Branch at Statistics Canada and former director of its Health Divi- sion. His responsibilities include the management of the national health information program in Canada. He recently has served as secretary to the National Task Force on Health Information, an examination of the current status of health information and the priority areas that it should better serve in the future, and is a member of the advisory committee to the Population Health Project of the Canadian Institute of Advanced Research. He has a B.Sc. degree in mathematics from Acadia University. DANIEL G. HORVITZ is retired from the Research Triangle Institute, where he was executive vice president from 1983 through 1988 and vice president for statistical sciences from 1976. Most recently he was interim director of the newly created National Institute of Statistical Sciences. Pre- viously he held academic appointments in statistics at the University of Pittsburgh, North Carolina State University, and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His major interest is in the design and methodolo- gy of large-scale social surveys. He is a fellow of the American Statistical Association; he has also served as its vice president and as chair of the survey research methods section. An elected member of the International Statistical Institute, he was program chair for its 1983 scientific meetings. He is currently chair-elect of the statistics section of the American Associa- tion for the Advancement of Science. He received a B.S. in mathematics from the University of Massachusetts and a Ph.D. in statistics from Iowa State University. SUZANNE W. FLETCHER is editor of Annals of internal Medicine and adjunct professor of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Previously she was professor of medicine and epidemiology at the Universi- ty of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Her major research interests include clinical epidemiology, health promotion and disease prevention, and screen- ing for breast cancer. More recently she has become involved in research on the editorial process. She received a B.A. in biology from Swarthmore College, an M.D. degree from Harvard Medical School, and an M.Sc. from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. FLOYD J. FOWLER, JR., is a senior research fellow at the Center for Survey Research, University of Massachusetts-Boston. Much of his re- search has dealt with sources of error in health surveys. A major focus of recent research has been measuring patient outcomes resulting from medical treatments. Pie received a B.A. degree from Wesleyan University and a Ph.D. in social psychology from the University of Michigan.

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 171 WILLIAM D. KALSBEEK is associate professor as well as director of the Survey Research Unit in the Department of Biostatistics at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He was previously a sampling statistician at the Research Triangle Institute. His recent research has dealt with cost- efficiency in survey design and the problem of sampling elusive popula- tions. During his career he has published extensively from his experience in directing or providing significant design consultation to dozens of sample surveys. He received a B.A. in mathematics from Northwestern College in Iowa and M.P.H. and Ph.D. degrees in biostatistics from the University of Michigan. GRAHAM KALTON became senior statistician and vice president of Wes- tat, Inc., in January 1992. Previously he was a research scientist in the Survey Research Center, a professor of biostatistics and a professor of sta- tistics a the University of Michigan. Prior to that he was professor of social statistics at the University of Southampton and reader in social statistics at the London School of Economics. His research interests are in survey sampling and general survey methodology. He received a B.Sc. in econom- ics and an M.Sc. in statistics from the University of London and a Ph.D. in survey methodology from the University of Southampton. He is a fellow of the American Statistical Association and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the current president of the International Association of Survey Statisticians. He is a member of the Committee on National Statistics and has served as a member of its Panel to Evaluate the National Center for Education Statistics, as the chair of the Panel to Study the NSF Scientific and Technical Personnel Data System, and currently as chair of the Panel to Evaluate the Survey of Income and Program Participa- tion. SIDNEY KATZ is professor emeritus of gerontology and geriatrics at Co- lumbia University and co-director of the Stroud Program on the Science of Quality of Life in Aging. His background is in medicine, epidemiology, and health services research. He investigates rehabilitation, long-term care, and the natural course of aging and chronic diseases. He has developed measures that can be used to evaluate service quality and has used these measures to develop services that enhance quality of life and quality of care. In 1987, he was guest editor of a special issue of the Journal of Chronic Diseases entitled the "Science of the Quality of Life." He is a member of the Institute of Medicine, serves on its Board on Health Care Services, and chaired a committee that conducted a three-year study of nursing home regulations. In the past, he has been professor at Case West- ern Reserve University, Michigan State University, and Brown University, where he was associate dean of medicine and director of its Gerontology

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172 APPENDIX F Center. Brown University established an honorary lectureship in his name, and Columbia University awarded him its Medal of Excellence in Scholar- ship and its Award for Excellence in Health Policy Research in Geriatrics and Gerontology. He has a B.S. in chemistry from Case Western Reserve University, an M.A. from Brown University, and an M.D. from Case West- ern Reserve University. DAVID MECHANIC is director of the Institute for Health, Health Care Policy, and Aging Research at Rutgers University, a university professor, and the Rene Dubos professor of behavioral sciences. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Medicine and serves on the National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics of the Department of Health and Human Services and the Health Advisory Board of the Gener- al Accounting Office. [Ie also serves on the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education of the National Research Council and was vice chair of the Institute of Medicine's Committee for Pain, Disability, and Chronic Illness Behavior. Mechanic was a member of the National Ir~sti- tutes of Health's National Advisory Council on Aging, chair of the coun- cil's program committee, and chair of the section on social, economic and political sciences of the American Association for the Advancement of Sci- ence. He is the author of numerous books and other publications on health policy and health services research. He has a B.A. in sociology from City University of New York and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in sociology from Stanford University. JOSEPH P. NEWHOUSE is the John D. MacArthur professor of health policy and management at Harvard University and holds appointments on the faculties of the Kennedy School of Government, the Harvard Medical School, the Harvard School of Public [Iealth, and the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. In addition, he directs Harvard's Division of Health Policy Re- search and Education and is a senior corporate fellow of the RAND Corpo- ration, where he was the principal investigator for the RAND Health Insur- ance Experiment. He is the editor of the Journal of Health Economics and an associate editor of the Journal of Economic Perspectives. He is current- ly the chair of the Health Services Research Grants Review Committee of the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. His recent research inter- ests have included health care financing, medical malpractice, and costs imposed on others by cigarettes and alcohol. He is a member of the Insti- tute of Medicine and currently serves on its council. He received both B.A. and Ph.D. degrees in economics from Harvard University. ADRIAN M. OSTFELD is the Anna M.R. Lauder professor of epidemiolo- =,y and public health at the Yale University School of Medicine and a former

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 173 chairman of that department. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine. He serves on the editorial board of the American Journal of Epidemiology, the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, Psychosomatic Medicine, and the Journal of Behavioral Medicine. [Ie has been a member of the National Advisory Council on Aging of the National Institutes of Health. His prima- ry research interests are in the epidemiology of aging and of cardiovascular disease. EDWARD B. PERRIN (Cochair) is professor and chairman of the Depart- ment of [Iealth Services in the School of Public Health and Community Medicine at the University of Washington. During 1991-1992 he was on sabbatical leave at Churchill College, Cambridge University. Previously he was chairman of the Department of Biostatistics at the University of Wash- ington and the director of the Health and Population Study Center at Battel- le Memorial Institute. From 1972 to 1973, he served as deputy director, and from 1973 to 1975 as director, of the National Center for Health Statis- tics, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Perrin is a member of the Institute of Medicine, serves on its Board on Health Care Services, and chairs the Committee on Clinical Evaluation of the Institute of Medicine, and is a fellow of the American Statistical Association. His areas of current research interest include mathematical modeling, large health data systems for use in decision making, and methodologies for the measurement of health care outcomes. He received a B.A. in mathematics from Middlebury College, an M.A. degree in mathematical statistics from Columbia Univer- sity, and a Ph.D. in statistics from Stanford University. WILLIAM C. RICHARDSON (Cochair) is president of the Johns Hopkins University. Previously he was executive vice president and provost of Pennsylvania State University and prior to that graduate dean and vice pro- vost for research at the University of Washington, Seattle. He joined the University of Washington as a faculty member in the School of Public Health and Community Medicine and went on to become chairman of the Department of Health Services and associate dean of the School of Public Health and professor of health services. His areas of research have includ- ed use of health services by various enrolled populations and comparisons of access, quality, and costs under differing managed care arrangements. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and a fellow of the American Public Health Association. Richardson has a B.A. from Trinity College (Hartford, Connecticut), and M.B.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business. GOOLOO S. WUNDERLICH (study director) is a member of the staff of the Committee on National Statistics. She has over 30 years of experience

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174 APPENDIX F in health and population statistics and research in the U.S. Public Health Service, the Presidential Advisory Commission on Rural Poverty, the Bu- reau of the Census, and as a consultant. She is a former director of the Division of Data Policy, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health in the Department of Health and Human Services, serving for many years as the focus for data policy analysis, development, planning, and coordination of health information systems and statistical activities; she also directed the review and approval of statistical, research, and regulatory data collection activities throughout the U.S. Public Health Service. Her professional in- terests and experience have focused on the conduct and analysis of national health surveys, analysis and policy formulation relating to population re- search, family planning and health issues. She received B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Bombay, India; she completed two years of postdoctoral studies in sociology, statistics, and demography at the universities of Minnesota and Chicago.