laboratories and equipment, including labs for grassland agronomy, protection and improvement; turf culture; and wild animals, but it has only one computer and little software. A new building, begun in 1986, is still under construction.

The department was founded in 1970 by Professor Ren Jizhou, now director of the Gansu Grassland Ecological Research Institute (GGERI). In 1989 the department, now chaired by Professor Hu Zizhi, and the institute were selected jointly as a "key" institution, and Professor Ren was chosen as academic leader in the field of grassland science. The department and the institute cooperate closely in research, training, and advising the government on matters of grassland development. They describe themselves as "one institution under different leadership."

The department maintains three research stations. The Tianzhu Alpine Grassland Experimental Station, established in 1956 in Tianzhu County near the Qinghai border, conducts research on grassland monitoring, protection, and improvement. The Wuwei Herbage Experimental Station, established in 1975 in the arid region of Wuwei County, is a center for production of seeds adapted for saline soils, breeding of herbage plants, and research on desert grasses. The Lanzhou Herbage Experimental Station, located in Lanzhou, is a center for research on herbage and turf plant breeding and seed production.

The department and GGERI jointly edit three journals: Pratacultural Science [Caoye kexue], Acta Pratacultura Sinica [Zhongguo caoye xuebao ], and Journal of Grassland and Forage Abroad.

LANZHOU INSTITUTE OF DESERT RESEARCH, ACADEMIA SINICA

Chinese

Zhongguo kexueyuan Lanzhou shamo yanjiuso

Address

14 Donggang West Road, Lanzhou 730000

Director

Zhu Zhenda

Telephone

26720, 26725

Telex

72149 ICERD CN

Cable

3097 Lanzhou

The Lanzhou Institute of Desert Research (IDR), established in 1978, has a staff of 200 scientific and technical personnel, organized into seven divisions. The director of the institute is Professor Zhu Zhenda. The Division of Agricultural Resources in Desert Regions is responsible for the study of grazing lands. Professors Huang Zhaohua and Gao Zianzhao, as well as other scholars in this division, are engaged in research on rangeland management and the related fields of plant ecology and geobotany, plant physiology, plant taxonomy, pedology, hydrology, remote sensing, and soil microbiology.

According to IDR's own estimates, in 1986, 1.5 million km2, or 15.5% of



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