postpartum, 4 to 6 weeks, 83-85

problem-solving, 78-79, 81-82

projects to assist health professionals, 123

promotion of, 60-61

pumps/pumping milk, 76, 78, 82

recommendations, 42, 71

resources, 122-123

rooming-in arrangements, 75

smoking and, 79, 84

sore nipples, 75, 76, 82, 85

supplemental feedings and water, 75, 76, 81-82

support for, 48, 71, 78, 85

vitamin/mineral supplements, 76

see also Lactation

C

Caffeinated beverages, 10, 45, 73, 75

Calcium intake

food sources, 10, 102

interference with iron absorption, 112

lactose intolerance and, 101

milk products avoidance and, 102

supplements, 10, 11, 101, 102, 112

Cesarean delivery, and breastfeeding, 78

Cigarettes, see Smoking

Cocaine, 79;

see also Drugs

Colic, 87

Comfort, prenatal, 47

Commodity Supplemental Food

Program, eligibility and benefits, 114

Constipation

bed rest and, 67

iron supplements and, 62, 111

management, 9, 47, 57, 63

Contents of Guidebook, 3

Cooperative Extension—Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program, eligibility and benefits, 115

Copper supplements, 30, 49, 62, 77, 111, 112

Cultural/ethnic considerations

childrearing practices, 94

in dietary guidance, 27, 95-96

in educational materials, 121-122

elements of effective programs, 95

family members and roles, 94

interaction/communication styles, 94-95

in nutrition questionnaire, 6

in nutritional care, 94-96

peer counseling, 96

religious beliefs and practices, 94

in weight gain, 46

D

Dehydration, 41, 61

Dental disease, 25, 42

Depression, 25, 42

Diabetes mellitus

educational materials for, 121-122

gestational, 63, 65, 88, 121-122

glucose tolerance and, 88

insulin therapy, 63

need for diet therapy, 30, 49

testing for, 63

Diarrhea, 57, 62, 111

Dietary guidance

avoidance of specific foods and, 10-11

for breastfeeding, 75, 85-86

calcium intake, 101, 102

foods and servings, 27, 45

goal setting, 44

identifying the need for, 9-11

lactose intolerance, 101

low-calorie/high-nutrient foods, 103

positive reinforcement, 44, 60

postpartum, 74

prenatal, 43-45, 60

prepregnancy/preconceptional, 27-28

snacks and fast food, 45, 100

Dietary Guidelines, 27, 28, 74, 82

Dietary intake assessment

checklist, 7-11, 98

computer software, 100

diet or food recall, 97

diet or food records, 98

dietitian's role in, 99-100

food frequency questionnaire, 97-98

objectives, 99

resources for, 99

selecting an approach, 98-100

standard of comparison, 99

uses of information gathered, 99



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