Indications for Nutrient Supplementation

Reproductive Period and Condition

Low-Dose (30 mg) Irona,b

60-120 mg of Ironb,c

Low-Dose Multivitamin/ Mineral Preparationd

600 mg of Calcium

Preconception, interconception

 

 

 

 

Iron deficiency anemia

 

 

Pregnancy

 

 

 

 

Normal

 

 

 

Complete vegetarian

 

 

 

Multiple gestation

 

 

 

Poor-quality diet and resistant to change

 

 

 

Heavy cigarette smoking

 

 

 

Alcohol abuse

 

 

 

Under age 25, consuming no calcium-rich milk products, and resistant to change

 

 

e

Iron deficiency anemia

 

 

Lactation

 

 

 

 

Low energy intake

 

 

 

Low intake of milk products

 

 

e

Iron deficiency anemia

 

 

a Begin routine iron supplementation for all pregnant women by the 12th week of gestation.

b Iron should be taken with juice or water, apart from meals.

c Therapeutic doses of iron should be taken apart from other supplements.

d For the suggested composition, see Tab 9.

e The vitamin supplement is indicated to supply vitamin D. Regular exposure to sunshine reduces the need for this supplement.



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