Indications for Nutrient Supplementation

Reproductive Period and Condition

Low-Dose (30 mg) Irona,b

60-120 mg of Ironb,c

Low-Dose Multivitamin/ Mineral Preparationd

600 mg of Calcium

Preconception, interconception





Iron deficiency anemia












Complete vegetarian




Multiple gestation




Poor-quality diet and resistant to change




Heavy cigarette smoking




Alcohol abuse




Under age 25, consuming no calcium-rich milk products, and resistant to change




Iron deficiency anemia








Low energy intake




Low intake of milk products




Iron deficiency anemia



a Begin routine iron supplementation for all pregnant women by the 12th week of gestation.

b Iron should be taken with juice or water, apart from meals.

c Therapeutic doses of iron should be taken apart from other supplements.

d For the suggested composition, see Tab 9.

e The vitamin supplement is indicated to supply vitamin D. Regular exposure to sunshine reduces the need for this supplement.

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