Dietary Practices

See Questions 2 through 5 and 11 through 13 on the nutrition questionnaire.

Use of Harmful Substances

See Questions 15 through 17 on the nutrition questionnaire.

Physical Examination
General Appearance

Check for healthy gums, teeth, throat, and skin; overall physique; and amount and distribution of body fat. Observe the woman for signs of depression, poverty, battering, and poor hygiene.

Weight-for-Height Status

(Tab 1 contains recommended tools.)

  • Measure height without shoes.

  • Measure weight.

  • Determine relative weight-for-height using body mass index (BMI) (see BMI chart in Tab 1).

Laboratory Evaluation
  • Determine the hemoglobin or hematocrit value. If applicable, correct the value for smoking (Tab 1, page 16) or altitude (Tab 9, page 110) or both.

  • Perform additional tests if appropriate. According to the history and physical examination, it may be advisable to do a lipid screen, a glucose screen, or other indicated blood or urine analyses.



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