APPENDIX B

PANELS

The committee formed 21 panels to help synthesize the vast body of earth science knowledge on specific societal issues or related to a few subdisciplines. The panels and their membership are listed below; their chairmen, who also served on the overall committee, are designated by asterisks. The panels, through several individual meetings, produced draft reports that provided a major input to the report. Because of differences in approach and content among the panel reports, there are no plans to issue those draft materials.

Active Tectonics

Robert E. Wallace,* U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park

Data Bases and Data Management

James E. Biesecker, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston

Larry G. Carver, University of California, Santa Barbara

John C. Davis, University of Kansas

Robert M. Hamilton, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston

John W. Harbaugh, Stanford University

William J. Hinze,* Purdue University

Brian R. Shaw, BHP Petroleum (Americas'), Inc.

Dynamics and Evolution of the Core and Mantle

Don L. Anderson, California Institute of Technology

Donald J. DePaolo, University of California, Berkeley

Raymond Jeanloz,* University of California, Berkeley

Thorne Lay, University of Michigan

Ronald T. Merrill, University of Washington

Frank M. Richter, University of Chicago

John H. Woodhouse, Harvard University

Earth Surface Processes

Athol D. Abrahams, State University of New York, Buffalo

Thure E. Cerling, University of Utah

John E. Costa, U.S. Geological Survey, Vancouver

Michael D. Harvey, Water Engineering & Technology, Inc.



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Solid-Earth Sciences and Society APPENDIX B PANELS The committee formed 21 panels to help synthesize the vast body of earth science knowledge on specific societal issues or related to a few subdisciplines. The panels and their membership are listed below; their chairmen, who also served on the overall committee, are designated by asterisks. The panels, through several individual meetings, produced draft reports that provided a major input to the report. Because of differences in approach and content among the panel reports, there are no plans to issue those draft materials. Active Tectonics Robert E. Wallace,* U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park Data Bases and Data Management James E. Biesecker, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston Larry G. Carver, University of California, Santa Barbara John C. Davis, University of Kansas Robert M. Hamilton, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston John W. Harbaugh, Stanford University William J. Hinze,* Purdue University Brian R. Shaw, BHP Petroleum (Americas'), Inc. Dynamics and Evolution of the Core and Mantle Don L. Anderson, California Institute of Technology Donald J. DePaolo, University of California, Berkeley Raymond Jeanloz,* University of California, Berkeley Thorne Lay, University of Michigan Ronald T. Merrill, University of Washington Frank M. Richter, University of Chicago John H. Woodhouse, Harvard University Earth Surface Processes Athol D. Abrahams, State University of New York, Buffalo Thure E. Cerling, University of Utah John E. Costa, U.S. Geological Survey, Vancouver Michael D. Harvey, Water Engineering & Technology, Inc.

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Solid-Earth Sciences and Society James C. Knox, University of Wisconsin, Madison Mark F. Meier, University of Colorado Stanley A. Schumm,* Colorado State University Howard G. Wilshire, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park Energy Resources Linda A. F. Dutcher, Consultant, Golden, Colorado John D. Haun,* Barlow & Haun, Inc. Edward McFarlan, Jr., Exxon (retired) Robert J. Weimer, University of Colorado Geochemical Cycles Robert A. Berner,* Yale University C. Bryan Gregor, Wright State University John M. Hayes, Indiana University Heinrich D. Holland, Harvard University Antonio C. Lasaga, Yale University Geochronology and Chronostratigraphy James C. Brower, Syracuse University Alexander N. Halliday, University of Michigan T. Mark Harrison, University of California, Los Angeles Teh-Lung Ku, University of Southern California Robley K. Matthews, Brown University Julie D. Morris, Carnegie Institution of Washington George R. Tilton, University of California, Santa Barbara Robert E. Zartman,* U.S. Geological Survey, Denver G. Alan Zindler, Columbia University Geologic Hazards Clarence R. Allen,* California Institute of Technology Kevin Coppersmith, Geomatrix Consultants Robert W. Decker, Mariposa, California Thomas L. Holzer, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park Robert L. Schuster, U.S. Geological Survey, Denver Global Collaboration G. Arthur Barber,* Consultant, Denver, Colorado Fred Barnard, Consultant, Golden, Colorado Charles L. Drake, Dartmouth College Robert N. Ginsburg, University of Miami William R. Greenwood, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston (deceased) Priscilla C. P. Grew, Minnesota Geological Survey Leonard E. Johnson, National Science Foundation Peter T. Lucas, Shell Development Co. A. Thomas Ovenshine, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston History of Life Andrew H. Knoll, Harvard University Jennifer A. Kitchell, University of Michigan Steven M. Stanley,* Johns Hopkins University S. David Webb, University of Florida Hydrology Craig M. Bethke, University of Illinois, Urbana John D. Bredehoeft,* U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park Steven M. Gorelick, Stanford University

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Solid-Earth Sciences and Society Nicholas C. Matalas, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston M. Gordon Wolman, Johns Hopkins University Instrumentation and Facilities Richard W. Carlson, Carnegie Institution of Washington Charles C. Counselman III, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Larry W. Finger,* Carnegie Institution of Washington Murli H. Manghnani, University of Hawaii William H. Menke, Columbia University Walter D. Mooney, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park Land Use and Geological Engineering James W. Erwin, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Allen W. Hatheway,* University of Missouri at Rolla George E. Heim, Leighton and Associates Christopher C. Mathewson, Texas A&M University Theodore R. Maynard, Department of Public Works Susan G. Steele, Denver Water Department Mineral Resources Samuel S. Adams,* Minerals Consultant Paul B. Barton, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston Marco T. Einaudi, Stanford University Frederick T. Graybeal, ASARCO, Inc. Mark H. Reed, University of Oregon Modeling Susan W. Kieffer, Arizona State University Peter L. Olson, Johns Hopkins University John B. Rundle, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Norman H. Sleep, Stanford University Donald L. Turcotte,* Cornell University David A. Yuen, University of Minnesota Paleooceangraphy, Paleoclimatology, and Paleogeography Michael A. Arthur, University of Rhode Island William W. Hay, University of Colorado James P. Kennett, University of California, Santa Barbara John E. Kutzbach, University of Wisconsin, Madison Peter J. McCabe, U.S. Geological Survey, Denver Judith T. Parrish,* University of Arizona Physics and Chemistry of Earth Materials Thomas J. Ahrens, California Institute of Technology R. James Kirkpatrick, University of Illinois Bruce D. Marsh, Johns Hopkins University William F. Murphy, Schlumberger-Doll Research Virginia M. Oversby, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Charles T. Prewitt,* Carnegie Institution of Washington Professional Community Gordon P. Eaton, Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory Marvin E. Kauffman,* National Science Foundation Amy S. Mohler, Texas Eastern Gas Pipeline Allison R. Palmer, Geological Society of America David A. Stephenson, Harding Lawson Associates Stephen H. Stow, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

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Solid-Earth Sciences and Society Reinhard A. Wobus, Williams College Hatten S. Yoder, Jr., Carnegie Institution of Washington Remote Sensing Raymond E. Arvidson, Washington University Alan R. Gillespie, University of Washington Alexander F. H. Goetz,* University of Colorado G. Randy Keller, Jr., University of Texas at El Paso Harold R. Lang, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Jean-Bernard H. Minster, University of California, San Diego Lawrence C. Rowan, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston Floyd F. Sabins, Jr., Chevron Oil Field Research Company Mark F. Settle, ARCO Oil & Gas Company Roger J. Phillips, Southern Methodist University Sedimentary Basins and Basin Analysis Nicholas Christie-Blick, Columbia University Grant Garven, Johns Hopkins University Joseph W. Hakkinen, Marathon Oil Company Teresa A. Jordan, Cornell University Lisa M. Pratt, Indiana University Lee R. Russell,* ARCO Oil & Gas Company Leon T. Silver, California Institute of Technology Ronald C. Surdham, University of Wyoming Structure, Dynamics, and Evolution of the Lithosphere Marion E. Bickford, University of Kansas B. Clark Burchfiel, Massachusetts Institute of Technology David S. Chapman, University of Utah Bruce R. Doe,* U.S. Geological Survey, Reston W. Gary Ernst, Stanford University Bryan L. Isacks, Cornell University David L. Jones, University of California, Berkeley Community Input In August 1988 and January 1989 a ''Dear Colleague" letter from the Chairman of the Committee on Status and Research Objectives in the Solid-Earth Sciences: A Critical Assessment was sent to a large number of addressees. These included the earth science departments of many colleges and universities, the oil and gas industries, geological engineers and engineering geologists, some U.S. Geological Survey Branch Chiefs, State Geological Surveys, and chairmen of 21 NRC boards and committees. In March 1989 the "Dear Colleague" letter and a description of the study were distributed to approximately 120 geoscience organizations with a request that one of the items (or a combination) be printed in a forthcoming publication. The two letters and accompanying memos are reproduced on the following pages. We would like to take this opportunity to thank the respondents to the "Dear Colleague" letter and have listed them below. Dr. John B. Anderson, Dept of Geology & Geophysics, Rice University Dr. John T. Andrews, Dept of Geological Sciences, University of Colorado Dr. Subir K. Banerjee, Dept of Geology & Geophysics, University of Minnesota Dr. Charles A. Baskerville, McLean, Virginia

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Solid-Earth Sciences and Society Dr. Kenneth E. Bencala, U.S. Geological Survey Prof. Charles R. Bentley, Dept of Geology & Geophysics, University of Wisconsin, Madison Mr. Manuel G. Bonilla, Palo Alto, California Mr. Dwain K. Butler, Waterways Experiment Station, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Dr. Lokesh Chaturvedi, Environmental Evaluation Group Prof. D. L. Clark, Dept of Geology and Geophysics, University of Wisconsin Dr. Donald M. Davidson, Jr., Dept of Geology, Northern Illinois University Dr. Owen K. Davis, Dept of Geosciences, University of Arizona Dr. J-CI. De Bremaecker, Dept of Geology & Geophysics, Rice University Mr. B. Louis Decker, Ballwin, Missouri Prof. John R. Delaney, School of Oceanography, University of Washington Prof. Robert S. Dietz, Department of Geology, Arizona State University Prof. James Dorman, Center for Earthquake Research & Information, Memphis State University Dr. A. Dreimanis, Dept of Geology, University of Western Ontario Dr. Herbert H. Einstein, Dept of Civil Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Prof. T. Edil, Dept of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison Prof. Wilfred A. Elsers, Institute of Geophysics & Planetary Physics, University of California, Riverside Dr. Alfred G. Fischer, Dept of Geological Sciences, University of Southern California Dr. Mel Friedman, College of Geosciences, Texas A&M University Dr. W. S. Fyfe, Faculty of Science, University of Western Ontario Dr. John W. Geissman, Dept of Geology, University of New Mexico Dr. Lee C. Gerhard, Kansas Geological Survey Dr. Charles E. Glass, College of Mines, University of Arizona Dr. Harry W. Green II, Dept of Geology, University of California, Davis Dr. Charles V. Guidotti, Dept of Geological Sciences, University of Maine B. C. Haimson, Dept of Metallurgy & Mineral Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison Prof. Richard L. Hervig, Center for Solid State Science, Arizona State University Dr. Mason L. Hill, Whittier, California Dr. Lincoln Hollister, Dept of Geological & Geophysical Sciences, Princeton University Dr. Donald M. Hoskins, Bureau of Topographic & Geologic Survey, Department of Environmental Resources, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania Dr. Nicholas Hotton III, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution Mr. Jeffery R. Keaton, Consulting Geotechnical Engineers, Sergent, Hauskins, & Beckwith Dr. Michael M. Kimberley, Dept of Marine, Earth, & Atmospheric Sciences, North Carolina State University Dr. Gary L. Kinsland, Dept of Geology, University of Southwestern Louisiana Mr. Louis Kirkaldie, Avondale, Pennsylvania Dr. George deV. Klein, Dept of Geology, University of Illinois Dr. Robert F. Legget, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Prof. Rosalie F. Maddocks, Department of Geosciences, University of Houston Dr. James McCalpin, Department of Geology, Utah State University Dr. Diane McKnight, U.S. Geological Survey Dr. Robert C. Melchior, Department of Geology & Biology, Bemidji State

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Solid-Earth Sciences and Society College Mr. Martin O. Mifflin, Mifflin & Associates, Inc. Dr. Brian J. Mitchell, Dept of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, Saint Louis University Mr. Luis Rey M. Morales, Environmental Department, H. V. Lawmaster & Company, Inc. Dr. Paul Morgan, Department of Geology, Northern Arizona University Dr. Ivan I. Mueller, Department of Geodetic Science, Ohio State University Dr. Brendan Murphy, Department of Geology, St. Francis Xavier University Mr. Norman K. Olson, South Carolina Geological Survey Prof. M. Ostrom, Dept of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison Dr. Shailer S. Philbrick, Ithaca, New York Dr. Howard J. Pincus, San Diego, California Dr. Brian R. Pratt, Department of Geology, University of Toronto Dr. Jonathan G. Price, Nevada Bureau of Mines & Geology Dr. George R. Priest, Department of Geology and Mineral Industries, State of Oregon Mr. Courtney Riordan, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Protection Agency Dr. Eleanora I. Robbins, U. S. Geological Survey Mr. W. H. Roberts III, Houston, Texas Dr. W. I. Rose, Jr., Dept of Geological Engineering, Geology, & Geophysics, Michigan Technological University Mr. Gerald P. Salisbury, San Marino, California Mr. James L. Sampair, Geological Engineer, J. L. Sampair Associates Dr. Roger T. Saucier, Waterways Experiment Station, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Dr. Steven D. Scott, Dept of Geology, University of Toronto Mr. Jerry A. Sesco, Forest Service, Department of Agriculture Dr. Charles W. Shabica, Earth Science Department, Northeastern Illinois University Dr. W. Edwin Sharp, Dept of Geological Sciences, University of South Carolina Dr. Nobu Shimizu, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Dr. Rudy Slingerland, College of Earth & Mineral Sciences, Pennsylvania State University Dr. James E. Slosson, Consulting Geologists, Slosson and Associates Dr. Jon Spencer, Arizona Geological Survey Mr. Donald K. Stevens, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Department of Energy Prof. Donald J. Stierman, Department of Geology, University of Toledo Dr. Raphael Unrug, Dept of Geological Sciences, Wright State University Dr. Gerald J. Wasserburg, California Institute of Technology Dr. E. G. Wermund, Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas, Austin Dr. James H. Williams, Missouri Department of Natural Resources Dr. John W. Williams, Department of Geology, San Jose State University Dr. Clark R. Wilson, Dept of Geological Sciences, University of Texas at Austin Dr. Robert S. Yeats, Dept of Geology, Oregon State University Dr. Grant M. Young, Dept of Geology, University of Western Ontario

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Solid-Earth Sciences and Society "DEAR COLLEAGUE" LETTER AND ACCOMPANYING MEMO OF AUGUST 1988 August 4, 1988 STATUS AND RESEARCH OBJECTIVES IN THE SOLID-EARTH SCIENCES: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT Dear Colleague: This is a request or your assistance in a challenging opportunity for the solid-earth sciences community, which is outlined in the enclosed letter. The Committee hopes you will share its conviction that this project has substantial potential to benefit the solid-earth sciences and that you will distribute copies of the letter to all scientists in your department. Thoughtful contributions from the solid-earth sciences community will be essential to the success of the project. Sincerely, Peter J. Wyllie Chairman, Committee on Solid-Earth Sciences <><><><><><><><><><><> August 4, 1988 MEMORANDUM To: Scientists in Departments dealing with solid-earth sciences From: Peter J. Wyllie Chairman of Committee on: STATUS AND RESEARCH OBJECTIVES IN THE SOLID-EARTH SCIENCES: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT This is an invitation to participate in a challenging project initiated by the Board on Earth Sciences. You may have admired and perhaps envied the disciplinary surveys emphasizing opportunities and directions for future research that have been published for Chemistry, Physics, Astronomy and Astrophysics. Frank Press, President of the National Academy of Sciences, has given the solid-earth sciences an opportunity to prepare the first major assessment of its current and potential contributions to science and the nation. Generous private foundation funding has been provided for the project. The Committee has been charged with eight tasks, including the following: to identify emerging lines of research promise to identify and address key scientific and societal issues to identify and assess directions, changes, and contributing factors to recommend long- and short-range research priorities The Committee passes these charges to the solid-earth science community. We would like input from as many earth science scientists as possible. Please

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Solid-Earth Sciences and Society send concise statements about items (1) to (4) to the address above; they will be most effective if received before the middle of September. The Committee does not have to start from scratch; a most important basis for the assessment will be the excellent NAS/NRC reports published during recent years. Another will be provided by solicitations such as this. About 20 panels will be working through the summer and fall on topical areas in solid-earth sciences. Your comments will be distributed among these panels for consideration. I am sure you noticed #4, and that you have been reading scientific editorials. In the absence of clear advice from the Committee, priorities will be set by others who may have little interest in the field. The Committee expects to present in this report clear evidence for dazzling scientific opportunities in, and societal contributions provided by geology, geobiology, geochemistry, and geophysics. Thank you for your participation.

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Solid-Earth Sciences and Society "DEAR COLLEAGUE" LETTER AND ACCOMPANYING MEMO OF JANUARY 1989 January 13, 1989 Dear Colleague: This is a request for your assistance in a challenging opportunity for the solid-earth sciences community, which is outlined in the enclosed letter. The Committee hopes you will share its conviction that this project has substantial potential to benefit the solid-earth sciences and that you will distribute copies of this letter to scientists in your state survey. If you or they should wish to circulate it more widely, we would welcome that assistance. Thoughtful contributions from the solid-earth sciences community will be essential to the success of the project. Sincerely, Peter J. Wyllie Chairman Committee on the Solid-Earth Sciences <><><><><><><><><><><><> January 13, 1989 MEMORANDUM TO: Colleagues in the Solid-Earth Sciences Community FROM: Peter J. Wyllie, Chairman Committee on the Solid-Earth Sciences This is an invitation to participate in a challenging project. Frank Press, President of the National Academy of Sciences, has given the solid-earth sciences an opportunity to prepare the first major assessment of its current and potential contributions to science and the national. Generous private foundation funding has been provided for the project. The Committee has been charged with a number of tasks, including the following: to identify emerging lines of research promise to identify and address key scientific and societal issues to identify and assess directions, change,s and contributing factors to recommend long- and short-range research priorities. The Committee passes these charges to the solid-earth sciences community and would like input from as many individuals as possible. Please send concise statements about items (1) to (4) to the address above. Your comments can be incorporated most effectively in the Committee's deliberations if received by mid March 1989, or as soon thereafter as possible. The Committee has not started from scratch: a most important basis for the assessment is an excellent set of reports published by the NAS/NRC and others during recent years. Another is being provided by solicitations such as this. More than 20 panels have begun working on topical areas in the solid-earth

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Solid-Earth Sciences and Society sciences and will continue into the spring. Your comments will be distributed among these panels for consideration. I am sure you noticed item (4) and that you have been reading scientific editorials. In the absence of clear advice from this Committee, priorities will be set by others who may have little interest in the field. The committee expects to present in this report clear evidence for dazzling scientific opportunities in, and societal contributions provided by geology, geobiology, geochemistry, and geophysics. Thank you for your participation.