Australia

fluvial sediment discharge, 82

paleoflood records, 88

paleohydrological studies, 92-93

preserved paleochannels, 87

Australian Desert, 117

B

Bacterial activity

association with temperature and mineral dissolution, 39

Bactericides, 127

Baffin Island

glaciated coastlines, sediment flux, 106-111

Baltic Sea

sediment accumulation rates, 20

Bathymetry, 103

Bengal Delta, 83

Benthic flux chambers, 144-147

Benthic sediment flux

diagenetic flux and sedimentation, 143-160

ocean sediment rain and burial, 125-141

Benthic storms, 10, 139

Bering Sea

sediment mass and accumulation rates, 21

Biogenic debris, 131, 139-140

Biogenic materials

carbon removal from ocean, 139-140

ocean sediment biogenic aggregation, 136-139

silica flux, 101

Biostratigraphy, 108

Black Sea

fluvial sediment discharge, 80

sediment mass and accumulation rates, 21

Black Waters, 63

Brahmaputra River

sediment discharge, 76

Brahmaputra River, 83

British Columbia, 87

Burdekin River, 82

Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts, 158

C

Calcite, 135

Calcium

weathering rate, 39-40

Calcium compensation depth, 57

California Current

ocean sediment rain and burial, 127-141

Canadian Arctic

glaciated coastlines, sediment flux, 106-112

Canadian Rockies, 52

Canadian Shield

erosion by Laurentide Ice Cap, 24

Cape Lookout Bight, 155

Carbon

benthic diagenetic flux, 147-151

organic carbon as acidity source, 42

organic carbon ocean burial efficiency, 156-159

organic carbon ocean rain and burial, 129-141

removal of carbon from ocean, 139

Carbon dioxide

atmosphere and water acidity, 38, 40-42

climate, weathering, and carbon dioxide, 54-55

glacial meltwater, 52

low atmospheric concentration and ocean carbon transfer, 132

Carbonate minerals

benthic diagenetic flux and sedimentation, 147-160

dissolution and weathering rates, 35-40

glaciated coastlines, sediment flux, 110-111

ocean sediment rain and burial, 129-141

rivers, dissolved elements and sediment, 66-68

sea level rises and falls, effect on sedimentation, 22-23

sediment accumulation rates, 19

Caribbean

benthic diagenetic flux and sedimentation, 149

Catastrophic events, 7

cataclysmic floods, 88, 90-94

effect on chemical weathering, 30

Caucasus Mountains, 80

fluvial sediment discharge, 83

Chao Phya River, 82

Chemical reactions

organic carbon degradation at seafloor, 145-160

Chemical weathering, 8

France, 63

glacial time scale, 46-58

Pleistocene-Holocene rates, 15-25

rates of dissolution and weathering, 30-43

China

eolian dust transport and deposition, 117, 118

paleoflood records, 88

China Loess Plateau, 120

Chira River, 79

Clastic sediments, 23

Clasts, 53

Clathrates, 9

Clay, 129-130

glaciated coastlines, sediment sources, 108-111

Climatic changes

carbon dioxide, weathering, and climate, 54-55

glacial sediment transport, 55-56

ice age and present, 47-48

tectonic activity and climate, 24-25

Cold regions

rivers, dissolved elements and sediment, 71

Colorado River, 76, 78

Columbia River, 87-88

sediment discharge from Mount St. Helens, 84

Commission on Global Continental Paleohydrology (GLOCOPH), 90

Continental glaciation, 4

chemical weathering, 46-58

effect on forests, 55

glacial cataclysmic floods, 89-94

glacial-interglacial alternations, effect on sedimentation, 24

ice sheet temperature dynamics and water production, 51-53

Neoglaciation and paraglaciation, sediment flux, 105

sediment transport and deposition, 24

Continental margins, 5

active/passive margins and sedimentation, 83-84

benthic diagenic flux and sedimentation, 148-150

high-latitude glaciated, sediment flux, 100-113

Continental rises

sediment mass and accumulation rates, 18-19

Continental shelf, 6

sediment accumulation rates, 22

high-latitude glaciated margins, sediment flux, 100-113

ice age exposure, 48-49

Cooper River, 82

Cooperative Holocene Mapping Project (COHMAP)

paleohydrological mapping, 93



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