students and a booklet summarizing the program are useful. Also important is a sense of the faculty's being accessible.

The graduate students showed extraordinarily high morale and cohesiveness, and a shared ethic of hard work and high performance. Students repeatedly testified to the concern and accessibility of the faculty and to the mutual support and concern of the students for each other. There was remarkably little evidence of the ill effects of student competitiveness that one finds in many other programs.

Committee Site Visit Report

The principal attraction for the great majority of students, beyond the reputation of the program, is the friendly, open, cooperative, non-competitive atmosphere. The instructors are approachable, and the students form study groups that are gender-integrated.

Committee Site Visit Report

The factors that lead to success in attracting and retaining women and underrepresented minorities are the same as those for domestic students in general: a strong and focused mission, a positive learning environment, and relevant professional development. The positive learning environment seems to be the most important of these three factors.

The atmosphere is quite inspiring, because the entire department seems to share a common philosophy. There is little talk about standards, but rather a positive, upbeat atmosphere that seems to foster confidence, professionalism, and mutual support among the students, particularly the women and minorities.

Committee Site Visit Report

Having the offices of faculty and students in one location and providing a “commons” area both encourage an open atmosphere.

Their major problem is that they are not provided with office space and thus have little opportunity to interact with other graduate students, especially in the evening.

Committee Site Visit Report

Communication with colleagues as well as about a program's requirements and procedures is also important for postdoctoral associates and junior faculty. They need to understand clearly the terms of employment, including what is expected of them and when and how decisions will be made on reappointment, promotion, and tenure. Junior faculty need feedback as well as encouragement from senior faculty. It is important for the chair of the department to meet regularly with them.



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