task, then EIA should focus attention first on the greenhouse gas emissions associated with the extraction, production, transportation, and use of energy.

  • The NEMS should capture the effects on behavior of changing information, particularly information changing as a result of contemplated policy actions. Model users should be able to include alternative assumptions about the formation of expectations, including those defined theoretically as myopic, adaptive, and rational expectations.

  • The NEMS should provide carefully envisioned graphics and report writers to provide routine graphical and numerical outputs of the types normally found helpful for analytical purposes.

  • A major effort is needed to collect more extensive data and information on the U.S. energy system, especially on end use. In such an effort, DOE and EIA should consider the following points:

    • Essential to bottom-up demand modeling is knowledge of underlying activities: housing, commercial buildings, industrial production, and transportation. To obtain such information, EIA needs to improve its link to other data-gathering entities.

    • Where behavioral information is inadequate, EIA or other DOE offices should help generate interest in obtaining it, by soliciting research, holding workshops, or stimulating other agencies to sponsor research. EIA should devote some resources to sponsoring research in ayuiathis area.

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