sional studies of workplace automation and the National Research Council's Committee on Computer-Aided Manufacturing. He also served as chairman of the National Science Foundation's Informal Science Education Oversight Committee. Dr. Chamot was employed by E.I. DuPont de Nemours as a research chemist from 1969 to 1973.

RICHARD N. COOPER is Maurits B. Boas Professor of International Economics at Harvard University, where he has lectured since 1981. Professor Cooper previously served as Provost and Professor of International Economics at Yale University. From 1977 to 1981 he was Under Secretary for Economic Affairs in the U.S. Department of State, from 1965 to 1966 Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Monetary Affairs, and from 1961 to 1963 Senior Staff Economist for President Kennedy's Council on Economic Advisors. Professor Cooper is presently Chairman, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston; Director and Advisory Committee Chairman, Institute for International Economics. He is the author of numerous books on economic policy.

JOHN M. DEUTCH is Institute Professor of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He previously served as Provost of MIT from 1985 to 1991, as Dean of the MIT School of Science from 1982 to 1985, and as head of the Department of Chemistry from 1976 to 1977. Between 1977 and 1980, Dr. Deutch served as the Energy Department's Director of the Office of Energy Research, Acting Assistant Secretary for Energy Technology, and lastly as department Under Secretary. He was on the President's Commission on Strategic Forces from 1983 to 1984 and the President's Nuclear Safety Oversight Committee from 1980 to 1981. He has acted as a consultant to the Bureau of the Budget, member of the Defense Science Board, and chairman of the National Science Foundation's Advisory Panel for Chemistry.

KENNETH FLAMM is a Senior Fellow in the Foreign Policy Studies Program of the Brookings Institution. Dr. Flamm's research is concerned with international trade and investment patterns in high-technology products. His most recent book examined the impacts of technological change, internationalization, and deregulation on the structure of the computer and communications industries. Previous works analyzed the industrial history of the international computer industry and assessed the impact of government policy on the development of computer technology in the United States, Western Europe, and Japan. He is currently working on a comparison of the use and diffusion of robotics in U.S. and Japanese manufacturing and a study of the economic impact of the U.S.-Japan Semiconductor Trade Arrangement. Dr. Flamm received his Ph.D. in economics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.



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