suring a reliable domestic supply of key semiconductor tools and equipment.8

Today, SEMATECH is focusing the majority of its efforts on improving the products of semiconductor equipment suppliers and strengthening the links between semiconductor manufacturers and suppliers of semiconductor manufacturing equipment and materials such as advanced lithography and chemical vapor deposition. SEMATECH is emphasizing direct exchanges of know-how between producers and suppliers9 and is trying to forge complementary relationships between firms with differing business strengths.10

The consortium is also devoting considerable effort to development of equipment standards and methodologies for evaluating semiconductor equipment. Its wafer fabrication plant provides equipment manufacturers with a valuable test bed for new hardware. In addition, the facility is a means for companies, particularly ones without large capital resources, to pool some of their R&D activities.11 The consortium's most important asset in technology transfer may be its reliance on delegated staff at SEMATECH from member companies. In March 1991, delegated staff constituted about two-thirds of SEMATECH's 335 professional and technical employees.12 This mechanism heightens the flow of process know-how and research findings to and from the consortium and member companies.

SEMATECH retains a considerable on-site research and development program. For example, it has demonstrated in its laboratory 0.8-micron manufacturing capability with 5-inch wafers.13 SEMATECH's four major areas of technology development are manufacturing processes, lithography, metallization, and metrology.14

NOTES

1.  

MCC membership includes 21 shareholders and 35 associate firms, as well as government and university participants.

2.  

MCC's members include Advanced Micro Devices, Andersen Consulting, Bellcore, Boeing, Cadence Design Systems, Control Data Corporation, DEC, Eastman Kodak, Harris, Hewlett-Packard, Honeywell, Hughes Aircraft, Lockheed, Martin Marietta, 3M, Motorola, National Semiconductor, NCR, Northern Telecom, Rockwell International, and Westinghouse Electric.

3.  

Kirk Ladendorf, "MCC Charting New Course for the '90s," Austin American-Statesman, June 9, 1991.

4.  

Damond Benningfield, "MCC: A Progress Report" (Microelectronic and Computer Technology Corporation, Austin, Tex., May 1988).

5.  

SEMATECH's members include AMD, AT&T, DEC, Harris, Hewlett-Packard, Intel, IBM, LSI Logic, Micron, Motorola, National Semiconductor, NCR, Rockwell, and Texas Instruments.

6.  

U.S. Congress, General Accounting Office, Federal Research: SEMATECH's Efforts to Develop and Transfer Manufacturing Technology (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1991), 6.



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