Index

A

Adams Act (1906), 54

Advanced Civilian Technology Agency, 124-125.

See also Civilian Technology Agency (CTA)

Advanced Manufacturing Initiative, 151-152

Advanced Technology Program (ATP), 2, 114, 119

cost-sharing provisions in, 117

description of, 66-67, 152, 195

establishment of, 170

panel conclusions regarding, 67

Agricultural extension programs, 49, 50, 53-54, 60, 93, 94

Agriculture Research Service, 70

Airbus consortium, 90

Aircraft industry

federal role in civilian, 57-58, 60

technology transfer in, 150

Alvey program, 90-91

American Technology Preeminence Act of 1992, 155

Antitrust restrictions, 159, 193

Appropriability, 19, 20, 51, 110, 114

ARCH Development Corporation, 76

Argonne National Laboratory, 76

Artificial intelligence, 193

Automotive electronics industry, 150-151

B

Balance of trade, U.S. in high-technology goods, 3

Basic research, 2, 80, 82, 84, 96, 110, 112, 135, 152, 157

in biotechnology industry, 146, 147

expenditures, 11, 18

in federal laboratories, 74-75

federal support for, viii, 12, 30, 32, 49-53, 92, 153

and the National Institutes of Health, 56

output of, 21

returns from, 49-51

strength of, 41

in universities, 31, 158, 164-166

Bell Communications Research, 80

Ben Franklin Partnership Program, 153

Biomedical industry

role of federal support in, 55-56



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