between government and industry, 60-61

policy guidelines for, 116-117

Cray Research, Inc., 55

D

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), viii, 48, 61, 125, 126

description of, 62-63

panel recommendations regarding, 63-65, 98, 124

relationship between SEMATECH and, 81, 195

role in dual-use technology development, 2, 62-63, 70, 98

Defense Authorization Act for FY 1991, 155

Department of Agriculture

funding of agricultural research by, 53, 54

funding of biotechnology research by, 56

laboratory program spending by, 70

Department of Commerce (DOC)

Advanced Technology Program, 2, 66-67, 152, 195

creation of Industrial Extension Service at, 2

role in technology transfer, 145

Department of Defense (DOD), 53

federal laboratory funding by, 70

relationship between DARPA and, 62-63

relationship between SEMATECH and, 81

role in technology transfer, 145

Department of Energy (DOE), 69-70, 117-119, 124

Cooperative Research and Development Agreements program, 194

funding of Superconductivity Pilot Centers by, 82

human genome project administered by, 56

technology transfer programs in, 72, 76, 78, 151, 152

Department of Health and Human Services, 56

Domestic Policy Council, 124

Dual-use technology

panel recommendations regarding, 63-65

relationships between, 61

role of DARPA in, 2, 62-63, 70, 98

E

Economic Growth Act of 1990, 125

Economic Recovery Act of 1981, 111

Economy, changes in global, vii, 50, 108

Edison Technology Centers, 153

Education, state of primary and secondary, 40, 95

Electric Power Research Institute, 80

Energy Conservation Utilization Technology Program, 151

Energy-related technologies, 94

Engineering

compensation for careers in, 39-40

women and minorities in, 18, 21

Engineering Research Associations (ERAs), 83

Engineering Research Centers (ERCs), 82, 145, 158, 170, 192-193

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 150

ESPRIT program, 90

EUREKA project, 89-90

Europe, 89-92, 172-173.

See also individual countries

European Community (EC), 89, 90, 172

Executive Order 12591, 71

Exports

growth in U.S., 22-23, 114

merchandise, 32-33

of technology-intensive products, 22-23

Extension programs. See Agricultural extension programs; Industrial extension programs



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