PREVENTION AND CONTROL

  • avoidance of tick-infested areas; securing of clothing at entry points (ankles, cuffs, etc.); application of tick repellent to outer clothing

  • host (mice and deer) reduction

FACTORS FACILITATING EMERGENCE

  • reforestation and consequent proliferation of deer

  • housing development in wooded areas

Campylobacter jejuni

DISEASE(S) AND SYMPTOMS

Campylobacteriosis, campylobacter enteritis

  • abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever

  • illness typically lasts two to five days

  • prolonged illness and relapses may occur

  • infection is asymptomatic in many cases

DIAGNOSIS

  • detection of organism in the stool

INFECTIOUS AGENT

  • Campylobacter jejuni, a bacterium

  • other species within the genus Campylobacter have been associated with similar disease

MODE OF TRANSMISSION

  • ingestion of contaminated food, water, or milk

  • fecal-oral spread from infected person or animal

DISTRIBUTION

  • worldwide

  • organism has a vast reservoir in animals

INCUBATION PERIOD AND COMMUNICABILITY

  • incubation period is 2 to 5 days

  • disease is communicable throughout the course of infection

TREATMENT

  • rehydration and replacement of electrolytes

  • antibiotic therapy is used in some cases, though it rarely shortens duration of symptoms



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