Acronyms and Abbreviations


AABB–

American Association of Blood Banks

ACIP–

Immunization Practices Advisory Committee

AFIP–

Armed Forces Institute of Pathology

AIDS–

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

ARC–

American Red Cross

ASM–

American Society for Microbiology

ATLL–

adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma

AZT–

azidothymidine


BCG–

bacille Calmette-Guerin

BRDPI–

Biomedical Research and Development Price Index

BSE–

bovine spongiform encephalopathy


CDC–

Centers for Disease Control

CEN–

Community Epidemiology and Health Management Network

CERTC–

Clinical Epidemiology Research and Training Center

CEU–

Clinical Epidemiology Unit

CIN–

cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

CMV–

cytomegalovirus

CSF–

cerebrospinal fluid


DBCP–

1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane

DDT–

1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane; chlorophenothane

DHF/DSS–

dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome

DNA–

deoxyribonucleic acid

DoD–

Department of Defense

DOT–

directly observed therapy


EIS–

Epidemic Intelligence Service

EPA–

Environmental Protection Agency



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OCR for page 280
Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States Acronyms and Abbreviations AABB– American Association of Blood Banks ACIP– Immunization Practices Advisory Committee AFIP– Armed Forces Institute of Pathology AIDS– acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ARC– American Red Cross ASM– American Society for Microbiology ATLL– adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma AZT– azidothymidine BCG– bacille Calmette-Guerin BRDPI– Biomedical Research and Development Price Index BSE– bovine spongiform encephalopathy CDC– Centers for Disease Control CEN– Community Epidemiology and Health Management Network CERTC– Clinical Epidemiology Research and Training Center CEU– Clinical Epidemiology Unit CIN– cervical intraepithelial neoplasia CMV– cytomegalovirus CSF– cerebrospinal fluid DBCP– 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane DDT– 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane; chlorophenothane DHF/DSS– dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome DNA– deoxyribonucleic acid DoD– Department of Defense DOT– directly observed therapy EIS– Epidemic Intelligence Service EPA– Environmental Protection Agency

OCR for page 280
Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States FCCSET– Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology FDA– Food and Drug Administration FETP– Field Epidemiology Training Program FIFRA– Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act FWS– U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service GMI– Gorgas Memorial Institute GML– Gorgas Memorial Laboratory HAM/TSP– HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis HBV– hepatitis B virus HFRS– hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome HIV– human immunodeficiency virus HPV– human papillomavirus HSV– herpes simplex virus HTLV– human T-cell leukemia virus, human T-lymphotropic virus IADB– InterAmerican Development Bank ICAR– International Collaboration in AIDS Research ICDDR, B– International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh ICIDR– International Collaboration in Infectious Disease Research ICMRT– International Centers for Medical Research and Training ICTDR– International Centers for Tropical Disease Research IHPP– International Health Policy Program INCIDR– Intramural NIAID Center for International Disease Research INCLEN– International Clinical Epidemiology Network IOM– Institute of Medicine MAP– modified atmosphere packaging MARU– Middle America Research Unit MDRTB– multidrug-resistant tuberculosis MIC– minimum inhibitory concentration MMR– measles-mumps-rubella (vaccine) MRSA– methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus NAMRU– U.S. Navy Medical Research Unit NCID– National Center for Infectious Diseases NCVDG– National Cooperative Vaccine Development Group NEB– National Epidemiology Boards NETSS– National Electronic Telecommunications System for Surveillance NHSC– National Health Service Corps NIAID– National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases NIH– National Institutes of Health NNDSS– National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System NNISS– National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System PAHO– Pan American Health Organization PCR– polymerase chain reaction

OCR for page 280
Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States PHS– U.S. Public Health Service RFP– request for proposal RNA– ribonucleic acid SIV– simian immunodeficiency virus STD– sexually transmitted disease TB– tuberculosis TDR– WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases TDRU– Tropical Disease Research Unit TMRC– Tropical Medicine Research Center USAID– U.S. Agency for International Development USAMRIID– U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases USDA– U.S. Department of Agriculture UTI– urinary tract infection VDP– WHO Vaccine Development Programme VRDB– Vaccine Research and Development Branch WHO– World Health Organization YARU– Yale Arbovirus Research Unit